Presentation on theme: "A Guided Active-Learning Activity for Sophomore-Level Library Experiences by Caroline Geck, Kean University Librarian My presentation describes the process."— Presentation transcript:
1A Guided Active-Learning Activity for Sophomore-Level Library Experiences by Caroline Geck, Kean University LibrarianMy presentation describes the process of creating an active-learning exercise that can be used in place of a traditional library instruction session (a lecture and hands-on experiences) for sophomore-level Research and Technology general education courses, especially when I serve as a traveling librarian and visit the students’ classroom labs.
2My GoalI wanted to design an activity that meets a major learning goal for a research-geared course like that of Research and Technology.I decided to focus on further developing students’ meta-cognitive schemas or strategies for scholarly article identification. (The recognition of the difference between scholarly journals and trade and popular magazines also meets ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education 1.2.d and 3.2.a.)
3Meta-Cognitive Schemas? Meta-cognition refers to thinking about one’s thinking. Meta-cognitive schemas can be defined as a process of learning in which individuals build upon their prior knowledge representations or schemas. New learning occurs when new connections are constructed from prior schemas.Meta-cognitive schemas or knowledge representations are also called mind maps and visually represented by concept maps.
4Concept Map for the Definition of a Scholarly Article
5Let’s Team Up to Explore Scholarly and Popular Articles Online: An Active-Learning Activity Students work in groups of three to five, and the activity has three explicit objectives:Learning to access electronic resources (E-resources) from the library’s homepage.Being able to distinguish quickly between scholarly and popular articles by noting differences in content, writing styles, and formats.Developing skills in evaluating information while working in multi-window environments.The objectives are followed by brief directions about how to begin retrieving the full texts corresponding to an APA-formatted References list and then completing the worksheet with critical skills questions comparing and contrasting scholarly and non-scholarly items. These questions are then used to answer the final question “Define a scholarly article?”Students are also told to be prepared to present their worksheet answers to the rest of the class and to give reasons for their choices.
6Initial Observations of Students and the Activity in Two Library Instruction Sessions for Research and TechnologyAfter my initial introductions and assistance for a few groups retrieving the first full text, students became very engaged with the activity and started intensely discussing the questions.The guided design of the activity enabled groups to complete the activity in 20 to 30 minutes.During the presentation phase, the students gave well-thought-out answers to the last question “Define a scholarly article?”
7Presentations and My Opportunity to Ask Students about the Activity I asked the students if there were too many questions on the worksheet? The overwhelming majority of students said either “no” or that the activity had the right number of questions.I asked the students whether I should use the activity in future classes? Many students commented that they liked the assignment and encouraged me to use the assignment in future classes.Students made comments similar to the statement that they would find scholarly articles in the future to support their research. These comments indicate that the students realized that scholarly articles would lend more support to their research than other types of articles.One student even said that he had “gainednew strategies to identify scholarly articles.”
8Unexpected BenefitsThe active learning exercise seemed to reinvigorate learning and interest in the information seeking process:Teams that finished early became very curious about the library’s database page and wanted to know if they could use the same databases for their own projects. Students also asked for database recommendations based on their topic of research.Several students commented that they were not aware of these databases and would have liked to been introduced to these databases earlier in their careers.Other students asked me about their search strategies and research topics.The overwhelmingly majority of students stayed after the activity was completed to conduct their own research.
9Some Final ThoughtsThis activity can be adapted to your own needs in freshmen-level and sophomore-level library experiences and is an example of the integration of information literacy skills directly into the university and college classroom.This activity can also be adapted to an online environment, and its learning benefits can be further enhanced through a combined process of discussion and reflection.Learning can be deepened in a physical classroom or online by letting students generate their own questions for group discussion.
11Ma Lei Hsieh Monmouth University Constructive Learning in Library Instruction: How Does IT Compare With the Traditional Method?Ma Lei HsiehMonmouth University
12Objectives of the Library Instruction Session Students will be able to:Find journal articles in databasesFind books in the Library CatalogUse Library Services
13Surveyed Students Method Include 7 classes (80 students) Traditional Majors of the classes: education,communication, computer science, historyNo freshmen students in the studyMethodUndergraduateGraduateTraditional12ConstructiveNo. of students4733Most students had catalog and database experience1313
14Traditional Method Librarian demonstrates, students follow alone. Students do exercises on journal databases.Librarian and faculty help.
15Students construct their own learning with minimum instruction. Constructive MethodThree principles:Students construct their own learning with minimum instruction.Peer learning and teachingInstructor as coach in the learning process.
16Constructive Method A. Journal databases: Librarian explains peer-reviewed vs. popular journals / magazines, show databases on Lib Web.Divide Students into 4 groups of 2-5. Each group work with a database.Students search on selected topics.Group representatives present their searchfindings to the class (via NetSupport).Librarian gives critique of the searches and explains about the features of the databases.Continues …
17Constructive Method (continued) B. Using traditional method to present:Journal LocatorLibrary CatalogLibrary Services
18Evaluation All classes give evaluation at the end: Grade level Had a Library Instruction (ILI) Before?Three things learned in this session.What still confused you.Met your expectations?
19Constructive vs. Traditional Methods Had ILI %Met Expect. %No. of StudentsConstructive608857Traditional369823
20Undergraduate vs. Graduate MethodHad ILI %Met Expect. %No. of StudentsUndergraduate778347Graduate2999332020
21What Did Students Learn? ConstructiveTraditionalJournal databases %Journal databases %Search tips – keywd strategies, *, Adv. Search, modify searches %Search tips – keywd strategies, *, Adv. Search,Modify searches %Peer-reviewed vs. Popular 9%Peer-reviewed vs. popular 9%Search books – Catalog %Search books – Catalog 9%Citation %ILL %Other 22 categoriesOther 8 categoriesTop 4 items on both methods were the same.- These are the items students need more instruction.Students learned more items in constructive method. They had explored more.2121
22Still Confused? Constructive Traditional Peer reviewed vs. popular Find journal articlesCitationCatalog14 other categoriesBy exploring more items, students felt confused with more items in the constructive method group.2222
23Constructive Learning Advantages / disadvantages Engaging students- Students work with peers and faculty.Time is a challengediscuss, develop search strategies, presentBreak learning mode – from listening to doing.Students don’t discover things thoroughly for lack of experience / time.Students retain better of what they learned.Exploring new items, some students may feel confused.
24Teaching with Constructive Method 2 or 3 a group is more effective than 4 and more.A smaller class works better than a large class.Its time consuming to use this method. Use one part of instruction in this method.Use traditional method with it.
25Conclusions Both methods are effective if students are engaged. Students retain more with constructive method. But it’s more time consuming to teach.Not everyone likes it. Use traditional method with it to meet various learning styles.Assessment gives librarians feedback to adjust teaching to meet students’ needs.2525
27The College of New Jersey Jacqui DaCostaThe College of New Jersey
28What is the Cephalonian Method? A fusion of color, images, humor and music!A way to involve participants in the session and to encourage questionsAn attempt to relieve the boredom for all involved!
29How does this work?There are 8 colored cards around the room – each with a question or a statementColors are assigned to different types or categories of relevant topicsRelated topics are grouped and assigned a colorBe prepared to address any question from the colored topic set and number your PowerPoint slides!
30How the Cephalonian Method started Cardiff University librarian on holidayDeveloped by Linda Davies and Nigel MorganUsed initially for large group orientation and to replace tours
31Popularity of the Cephalonian Method Revealed to the unsuspecting British librarian public in 2004!Been usedFor large groups and small groupsAt different types of institutionsWith undergraduates and graduatesFor orientation and other teaching sessions
32My Mom’s e-mailed me a picture of Miguel, my pet iguana My Mom’s ed me a picture of Miguel, my pet iguana. Where can I print him out?2 PC rooms (24 hour access)Microsoft applicationsSubject databasesInternet & accessNetwork printing accountsLaser printingStrict list of priorities for using these PCs. Notices in Biomed and in PC1. has the lowest priority. Use of databases and word processing / spreadsheet for course / project work have the highest priority.You will asked to give up a pc if you are ing and other need to work.Networked printing from any PCCharge you account up - machines for this in Main College and Bute.32
33What really irritates us? Eating & drinkingExcessive noiseTheftCell phones !Cell phones !!Cell phones !!!Library staff have a responsibility to ensure that everyone has the chance to work in a quiet and pleasant environment. eg no litter, pools of coffee or coke, no noise talking / etcStop you eating & drinking, using phones & stereos. No talking in the journals area or the reading room. Staff & researchers - show them & your colleagues some consideration.Valuables, take them with you.Fire alarm is a loud siren / klaxon. if you hear this, please leave by the nearest exit and assemble on the grass outside main college.33
34Reactions to the Cephalonian Method? StudentsThey seem to like it – it’s something differentThey laugh with you and are keen to see what is coming nextFaculty“Wonderful”“Superb”They like the style
35What can go wrong?Need a contingency plan for the technology to let you down!You are inviting a moderate amount of chaos into your classroomYou can’t audition the studentsShynessAudibilityColor blindness
36Benefits of the Cephalonian Method A good icebreakerAdaptable for different audiencesIt can make the students look forward to their next library session!Achieves certain active learning objectivesInteractionDiscussion and questions