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Presentation on theme: "The Great Gatsby CHAPTERS 1-5 GUIDED READING QUESTIONS."— Presentation transcript:


2 Chapter One

3 This poet suggests that the best way to woo a lover is to have wealth (gold-hat) and to do what the woman wants (bounce high). 1. What does D’Invilliers suggest is the best way to woo a lover? Chapter One

4 Nick Carraway reveals that he is not a judgmental person (based on advice his father gave him). “…I’m inclined to reserve all judgments, a habit that has opened up many curious natures to me and also made me the victim of not a few veteran bores.” (1) He, however, does not always follow this principle and is quick to judge all. (5-6) 2. What does Nick Carraway (the narrator) reveal about his own personality? Chapter One

5 Nick describes Gatsby as a man that: “represented everything for which I have unaffected scorn… something gorgeous about him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life… had a gift for hope, a romantic readiness…” Nick notes that is was not Gatsby who left him jaded, rather what “preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust that floated in the wake of his dreams…” “foul dust” = American dream’s decay 3. What generalizations about Gatsby does Nick give as his introduction to the “Great” main character? Chapter One

6 Nick achieves the feeling of belonging when he gives directions to a lost man on the road. Providing direction for another gives him purpose and makes it so that he no longer feels lonely. 4. How does Nick become a “guide, a pathfinder, an original settler”? Chapter One

7 A: Tom is physically endowed; “sturdy”; 30 years old; former standout collegiate football player B: Tom is confrontational, “seeking a little wistfully for the dramatic turbulence” (10); he seems arrogant, dominant and aggressive, “a cruel body” (11) C: Tom’s relationship with Daisy is superficial, strained and cold; they barely acknowledge each other D: Tom is a white supremacist: “Civilization is going to pieces…if we don’t look out the white race will be utterly submerged.” (17) 5. Describe Tom Buchanan in detail. Chapter One

8 Her knuckles being black and blue lead one to believe that she fights back when Tom abuses her Privately, she’ll fight back She’s personally defiant Publically, she’ll remain docile She’s willing to compromise her defiance in order to retain the image of a subservient wife 6. How did Daisy’s knuckles turn black and blue? Chapter One

9 Daisy is well-aware that Tom has a girl on the side She and Tom openly argue about it while Nick is visiting Jordan Baker, professional golfer and friend of Daisy’s, “who seemed to have mastered a certain hardy skepticism,” eavesdrops unashamed 7. Does Daisy know that Tom has a mistress? How do you know? Chapter One

10 Naïve; young; beautiful; soft-spoken; charming; “cynical”; wealthy; frivolous; lavish; foolish; subjected; objectified; innocent; romantic; abused; charismatic; sophisticated; frolicsome; entitled; captivating; “witty”; superficial; Unfulfilled; Aloof; thrilling; entrancing; persuasive 8. List ten adjectives that you would use to describe Daisy’s personality? Chapter One

11 Daisy and Tom appear to be ‘trophy parents’ Although they have a child, they are by no means active, caring parents The next step in their marriage was to have a child, so that’s what they did- have a baby to show off “I suppose she talks, and– eats and everything…” (Daisy now) “I hope she’ll be a fool– that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool” (Daisy the day her daughter was born) 9. What can you figure out about Daisy and Tom as parents and individuals from the brief references to their daughter? Chapter One

12 Nick observes Gatsby, “content to be alone,” staring out into the sea He stands transfixed on a distant, green light Green light symbolizes: Longing Hope Renewal American Dream 10. What do you think is the significance of the green light? Chapter One

13 Chapter Two

14 Long stretch of desolate land half-way between West Egg and New York City, created by the dumping of industrial ashes. It represents the moral and social decay that results from the uninhibited pursuit of wealth, as the rich indulge themselves with regard for nothing but their own pleasure. The valley of ashes also symbolizes the plight of the poor, like George Wilson, who live among the dirty ashes and lose their vitality as a result 1. Describe the “Valley of Ashes” and explain where it is located. Chapter Two

15 The Eyes of Dr. TJ Eckleburg is a billboard set over the Valley of Ashes: gigantic blues eyes looking out of yellow spectacles (27). Fitzgerald may have put him there as a point of interest; maybe to show that the area was forgotten…like the billboard. 2. Who is Dr. TJ Eckleburg? Why did Fitzgerald include him as part of the Valley of Ashes? Chapter Two

16 It may represent God staring down upon and judging American society as a moral wasteland. The eyes also come to represent the essential meaninglessness of the world and the arbitrariness of the mental process by which people invest objects with meaning. 3. What might the Dr. TK Eckleburg symbolize? Chapter Two

17 Blonde; “faintly handsome”; light blue eyes “Spiritless”, exhausted owner of a run- down auto shop at the edge of the VOA George, a pushover, loves and idealizes his wife, Myrtle 4. Describe George Wilson. Chapter Two

18 It is evident that George is subservient to his wife; Myrtle is the Alpha in their relationship; she “walk[s] through her husband as if her were a ghost” (30). She bosses him around and he adheres to her wishes. She is having an affair with Tom and George is oblivious to this. Myrtle feels as if she was tricked into marrying George; she “thought he was a gentleman” (she thought he had more money than he really did) and it turns out he had to borrow a suit for their wedding (39). 5. How does George interact with his wife? Describe their relationship. Chapter Two

19 Catherine – Myrtle’s sister, well-maintained (maybe a little over the top), haughty Mr. McKee – downstairs neighbor, pale feminine man, photographer Mrs. McKee – shrill, languid, handsome, and horrible 6. What are some of the characteristics of the people at the party Nick attends with Tom? Chapter Two

20 The dog is included in the chapter to show how frivolous Myrtle is (and how Tom gives her whatever she wants). By the end of the chapter the dog is sitting on the coffee table – forgotten and whimpering. (41) 7. Why is the little dog included in this chapter? Where is he at the end of the chapter? Chapter Two

21 No, the violence between Tom and Myrtle is not unusual. We already know that Tom is abusive and aggressive (Daisy’s black and blue knuckles). It doesn’t seem as if Tom even hesitated to hit Myrtle for repeating Daisy’s name. Mr. McKee stares at the scene and walks out as if nothing has happened. Public acceptance of domestic violence 8. Was the violence between Myrtle Wilson and Tom unusual? How do you know? Chapter Two

22 Chapter Three

23 Take a look at the party scene. p p What are your impressions of Gatsby’s parties? Why does he throw them? Discussion!

24 Gatsby’s parties were social events; people found out about them via word of mouth and just showed up. Some of Gatsby’s guests have never even seen Gatsby, nor do they know him. “In his blue gardens, men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars.” (43) “It was a testimony to the romantic speculation he inspired that there were whispers about him from those who had found little that it was necessary to whisper about in this world.” (48) 1. With Gatsby’s parties, “people were not invited – they went there.” Explain. Chapter Three

25 2. Who are the girls in yellow and what is their significance? The two girls in yellow represent the materialism of the era. One girl tears her gown; Gatsby replaces it with another expensive gown. They are also the beginning of the many rumors that are circulating about Gatsby. Typical type of person that comes to his parties: materialistic, selfish, haughty (43) (47- 48) Chapter Three

26 3. Who is Owl Eyes? A “stout, middle-aged man” Questions the authenticity of the books in Gatsby’s library Wonders if Gatsby is a mere illusion; seems shocked by his attention to detail/ability to cover his bases “What thoroughness! What realism!” (50) Chapter Three

27 Discussion! Why is Owl Eyes so shocked that Gatsby’s library is real?

28 4. List the different rumors that are floating around about Gatsby. 1.Gatsby killed a man 2.He was a German spy 3.He grew up in Germany 4.He was in the American Army during the war 5.He’s an Oxford man Chapter Three

29 Discussion! Nick meets Gatsby…finally! p. 47 p. 51 Jordan says, “Anyhow, he gives large parties…they’re so intimate. At small parties there isn’t any privacy?” (49) (54) Do you agree with her seemingly contradictory statement?

30 5. Does Gatsby drink? Include a quote from the text that proves your answer. He does not. “I wondered if the fact that he was not drinking helped to set him off from his guests, for it seemed to me that he grew more correct as the fraternal hilarity increased.” (54) Chapter Three

31 6. Chicago and Philadelphia both want Gatsby on the phone. Who are they? Chicago and Philadelphia are “business associates” of Gatsby’s. One can assume that it has something to do with bootlegging and organized crime, as those two cities were hubs for the mob in this era. Chapter Three

32 7. What story is floating around about Jordan and her “incurable dishonesty”? It is rumored that Jordan Baker cheated in her first big golf tournament. She supposedly moved her ball in the semi-final round for a better shot. The scandal died away when a caddie retracted his statement Jordan, therefore, “instinctively avoided clever shrewd men” and kept a “cool insolent smile turned to the world.” Nick: “Dishonesty in a woman is a thing you never blame deeply—” Chapter Three

33 Discussion! Let’s talk about “it takes two to make an accident” (58) (63)

34 Chapter 4

35 1. Is Nick being sarcastic or serious based on the provided quote? Explain your choice. Quote: “…those who accepted Gatsby’s hospitality…paid him the subtle tribute of knowing nothing whatever about him” Nick is being sarcastic. He does not approve of the people that attend Gatsby’s parties; he believes that they are materialistic and should at least know their host. Chapter Four

36 2. If you had to pick a consummate Gatsby guest, who would you pick and why? Klipspringer is the complete/ representative guest because he has been to Gatsby’s parties for so long and so frequently that people begin to call him “the border” as if he lived there (67) Chapter Four

37 3. During the drive to lunch, what details does Gatsby reveal to Nick about his: Family  Jay comes from a wealthy family in the mid-west and that all of his family is dead Education  Jay was educated at Oxford because it was a “family tradition” Source of Income  Jay “came into a good deal of money” He lived in all the capitols of Europe and collected jewels, hunted game, and developed a passion for art Chapter Four

38 4. Where in the “middle-west” does Gatsby claim to be from? Gatsby claims to be from San Francisco (70) Chapter Four

39 5. What is the “white card” that Gatsby uses with the policeman? The white card that Gatsby pulls out for the policeman is the Christmas card that he gets from the Police Commissioner every year. Demonstrates his importance and makes it seem as if he is above the law because of his “favors.” (73) Chapter Four

40 6. How might the character and appearance of Meyer Wolfshiem suggest an element of anti-Semitism on the part of the author and the time period? Wolfshiem’s character shows some of the anti-Semitic feelings of the time period because of the negative way in which his appearance is described. He has a small, flat nose; large head; long hair coming out of each nostril; tiny (beady) eyes; Purposefully stereotypical (73-74) Chapter Four

41 7. Describe Daisy’s life as a young girl of 18. What were the rumors circulating about her? As a young girl, Daisy lived in Louisville, Kentucky She is from a wealthy family and had MANY suitors She and Gatsby had a brief relationship before he went off to war Rumors  She packed her bags to bid Gatsby farewell in NY; the fact that she tried to run away created tension within her family Inference = her family forced her to stay by making her marry Tom Chapter Four

42 8. What is the significance of Tom’s car accident in Santa Barbara? How long had he been married? His accident shows just how long he has been cheating on his wife Three months after they were married he gets into this accident He had one of the hotel chambermaids in the car with him (82) Inference = Their marriage crippled by infidelity from the onset Chapter Four

43 9. Did Daisy have any affairs in Chicago? Explain in detail how you know. Daisy did have affairs in Chicago She used her sobriety to an advantage She was able to hide her indiscretions Jordan says, “There’s something in that voice of hers.” (82) Chapter Four

44 10. THE BURNING QUESTION: Why did Gatsby buy his huge house and throw all his parties? Gatsby has been keeping up with Daisy throughout the years He bought the house across the bay from her and throws all of these elaborate parties in hopes that she will show up so he can woo her to win her back Gatsby’s greatness is a façade; hidden behind it he strives to possess the very one thing he is unable to buy Chapter Four

45 Chapter Five

46 1. What “sideline” partnership does Gatsby offer Nick? Gatsby offers Nick a “sideline” parnership in his bootlegging business, a “rather confidential sort of thing” (87-88) Nick declines: “Because the offer was obviously and tactlessly for a service to be rendered, I had no choice except to cut him off there.” (88) Chapter Five

47 2. Describe Gatsby’s behavior up until the moment he sees Daisy again. Gatsby appears distracted and paranoid He has Nick’s lawn cut and sends a “greenhouse” over to adorn Nick’s home Upon arrival at Nick’s, Nick notices “dark signs of sleeplessness beneath his eyes.” (89) While waiting for their guests, Jay anxiously keeps “peering toward the bleared windows from time to time as if a series of invisible but alarming happenings were taking place outside.” (89) He threatens to leave several minutes before guests are set to arrive Chapter Five

48 3. Contrast Gatsby and Daisy’s interaction before Nick leaves with their interaction after he returns. Prior to Nick leaving  Embarrassed Strained; shy Uncomfortable It is raining When Nick returns  Serene (“He literally glowed…” 94) Daisy is crying but seems happy Gatsby finally “sees” Nick The rain stops Chapter Five

49 4. When Daisy is upstairs washing her face, Gatsby contradicts an earlier piece of information he had given Nick. How does he explain this discrepancy? Gatsby previously told Nick that he inherited his money He corrects himself by explaining that he lost the money her inherited in “the big panic of the war,” but earned it all back in a matter of three years (95) Chapter Five

50 5. Why does Gatsby pull out all of his shirts for Daisy and why does she cry at the sight of them? Gatsby shows Daisy his shirts to impress her, to show how far he has come from the soldier she knew five years ago “…he revalued everything in his house according to the measure of response it drew from he well-loved eyes... He stared around at his possessions in a dazed way as though in her actual and astounding presence none of it was any longer real.” (96-97) She is crying upon the realization that he has done all of this for her Chapter Five

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