3 1. What does D’Invilliers suggest is the best way to woo a lover? Chapter One1. What does D’Invilliers suggest is the best way to woo a lover?This poet suggests that the best way to woo a lover is to have wealth (gold-hat) and to do what the woman wants (bounce high).
4 Chapter One2. What does Nick Carraway (the narrator) reveal about his own personality?Nick Carraway reveals that he is not a judgmental person (based on advice his father gave him).“…I’m inclined to reserve all judgments, a habit that has opened up many curious natures to me and also made me the victim of not a few veteran bores.” (1)He, however, does not always follow this principle and is quick to judge all. (5-6)
5 Chapter One3. What generalizations about Gatsby does Nick give as his introduction to the “Great” main character?Nick describes Gatsby as a man that: “represented everything for which I have unaffected scorn… something gorgeous about him, some heightened sensitivity to the promises of life… had a gift for hope, a romantic readiness…”Nick notes that is was not Gatsby who left him jaded, rather what “preyed on Gatsby, what foul dust that floated in the wake of his dreams…”“foul dust” = American dream’s decay
6 4. How does Nick become a “guide, a pathfinder, an original settler”? Chapter One4. How does Nick become a “guide, a pathfinder, an original settler”?Nick achieves the feeling of belonging when he gives directions to a lost man on the road.Providing direction for another gives him purpose and makes it so that he no longer feels lonely.
7 5. Describe Tom Buchanan in detail. Chapter One5. Describe Tom Buchanan in detail.A: Tom is physically endowed; “sturdy”; 30 years old; former standout collegiate football playerB: Tom is confrontational, “seeking a little wistfully for the dramatic turbulence” (10); he seems arrogant, dominant and aggressive, “a cruel body” (11)C: Tom’s relationship with Daisy is superficial, strained and cold; they barely acknowledge each otherD: Tom is a white supremacist: “Civilization is going to pieces…if we don’t look out the white race will be utterly submerged.” (17)
8 6. How did Daisy’s knuckles turn black and blue? Chapter One6. How did Daisy’s knuckles turn black and blue?Her knuckles being black and blue lead one to believe that she fights back when Tom abuses herPrivately, she’ll fight backShe’s personally defiantPublically, she’ll remain docileShe’s willing to compromise her defiance in order to retain the image of a subservient wife
9 7. Does Daisy know that Tom has a mistress? How do you know? Chapter One7. Does Daisy know that Tom has a mistress? How do you know?Daisy is well-aware that Tom has a girl on the sideShe and Tom openly argue about it while Nick is visitingJordan Baker, professional golfer and friend of Daisy’s, “who seemed to have mastered a certain hardy skepticism,” eavesdrops unashamed
10 Chapter One8. List ten adjectives that you would use to describe Daisy’s personality?Naïve; young; beautiful; soft-spoken; charming; “cynical”; wealthy; frivolous; lavish; foolish; subjected; objectified; innocent; romantic; abused; charismatic; sophisticated; frolicsome; entitled; captivating; “witty”; superficial; Unfulfilled; Aloof; thrilling; entrancing; persuasive
11 Daisy and Tom appear to be ‘trophy parents’ Chapter One9. What can you figure out about Daisy and Tom as parents and individuals from the brief references to their daughter?Daisy and Tom appear to be ‘trophy parents’Although they have a child, they are by no means active, caring parentsThe next step in their marriage was to have a child, so that’s what they did- have a baby to show off“I suppose she talks, and– eats and everything…” (Daisy now)“I hope she’ll be a fool– that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool” (Daisy the day her daughter was born)
12 10. What do you think is the significance of the green light? Chapter One10. What do you think is the significance of the green light?Nick observes Gatsby, “content to be alone,” staring out into the seaHe stands transfixed on a distant, green lightGreen light symbolizes:LongingHopeRenewalAmerican Dream
14 1. Describe the “Valley of Ashes” and explain where it is located. Chapter Two1. Describe the “Valley of Ashes” and explain where it is located.Long stretch of desolate land half-way between West Egg and New York City, created by the dumping of industrial ashes.It represents the moral and social decay that results from the uninhibited pursuit of wealth, as the rich indulge themselves with regard for nothing but their own pleasure.The valley of ashes also symbolizes the plight of the poor, like George Wilson, who live among the dirty ashes and lose their vitality as a result
15 Chapter Two2. Who is Dr. TJ Eckleburg? Why did Fitzgerald include him as part of the Valley of Ashes?The Eyes of Dr. TJ Eckleburg is a billboard set over the Valley of Ashes: gigantic blues eyes looking out of yellow spectacles (27).Fitzgerald may have put him there as a point of interest; maybe to show that the area was forgotten…like the billboard.
16 3. What might the Dr. TK Eckleburg symbolize? Chapter Two3. What might the Dr. TK Eckleburg symbolize?It may represent God staring down upon and judging American society as a moral wasteland.The eyes also come to represent the essential meaninglessness of the world and the arbitrariness of the mental process by which people invest objects with meaning.
17 4. Describe George Wilson. Chapter Two4. Describe George Wilson.Blonde; “faintly handsome”; light blue eyes“Spiritless”, exhausted owner of a run-down auto shop at the edge of the VOAGeorge, a pushover, loves and idealizes his wife, Myrtle
18 Chapter Two5. How does George interact with his wife? Describe their relationship.It is evident that George is subservient to his wife; Myrtle is the Alpha in their relationship; she “walk[s] through her husband as if her were a ghost” (30). She bosses him around and he adheres to her wishes.She is having an affair with Tom and George is oblivious to this. Myrtle feels as if she was tricked into marrying George; she “thought he was a gentleman” (she thought he had more money than he really did) and it turns out he had to borrow a suit for their wedding (39).
19 Mr. McKee – downstairs neighbor, pale feminine man, photographer Chapter Two6. What are some of the characteristics of the people at the party Nick attends with Tom?Catherine – Myrtle’s sister, well-maintained (maybe a little over the top), haughtyMr. McKee – downstairs neighbor, pale feminine man, photographerMrs. McKee – shrill, languid, handsome, and horrible
20 Chapter Two7. Why is the little dog included in this chapter? Where is he at the end of the chapter?The dog is included in the chapter to show how frivolous Myrtle is (and how Tom gives her whatever she wants).By the end of the chapter the dog is sitting on the coffee table – forgotten and whimpering. (41)
21 Chapter Two8. Was the violence between Myrtle Wilson and Tom unusual? How do you know?No, the violence between Tom and Myrtle is not unusual.We already know that Tom is abusive and aggressive (Daisy’s black and blue knuckles). It doesn’t seem as if Tom even hesitated to hit Myrtle for repeating Daisy’s name.Mr. McKee stares at the scene and walks out as if nothing has happened.Public acceptance of domestic violence
23 Discussion! Take a look at the party scene. What are your impressions of Gatsby’s parties? Why does he throw them?
24 Chapter Three1. With Gatsby’s parties, “people were not invited – they went there.” Explain.Gatsby’s parties were social events; people found out about them via word of mouth and just showed up.Some of Gatsby’s guests have never even seen Gatsby, nor do they know him.“In his blue gardens, men and girls came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars.” (43)“It was a testimony to the romantic speculation he inspired that there were whispers about him from those who had found little that it was necessary to whisper about in this world.” (48)
25 2. Who are the girls in yellow and what is their significance? Chapter Three2. Who are the girls in yellow and what is their significance?The two girls in yellow represent the materialism of the era.One girl tears her gown; Gatsby replaces it with another expensive gown.They are also the beginning of the many rumors that are circulating about Gatsby.Typical type of person that comes to his parties: materialistic, selfish, haughty (43) (47-48)
26 A “stout, middle-aged man” Chapter Three3. Who is Owl Eyes?A “stout, middle-aged man”Questions the authenticity of the books in Gatsby’s libraryWonders if Gatsby is a mere illusion; seems shocked by his attention to detail/ability to cover his bases“What thoroughness! What realism!” (50)
27 Discussion!Why is Owl Eyes so shocked that Gatsby’s library is real?
28 4. List the different rumors that are floating around about Gatsby. Chapter Three4. List the different rumors that are floating around about Gatsby.Gatsby killed a manHe was a German spyHe grew up in GermanyHe was in the American Army during the warHe’s an Oxford man
29 Discussion! Nick meets Gatsby…finally! p. 47p. 51Jordan says, “Anyhow, he gives large parties…they’re so intimate. At small parties there isn’t any privacy?” (49) (54)Do you agree with her seemingly contradictory statement?
30 Chapter Three5. Does Gatsby drink? Include a quote from the text that proves your answer.He does not.“I wondered if the fact that he was not drinking helped to set him off from his guests, for it seemed to me that he grew more correct as the fraternal hilarity increased.” (54)
31 Chicago and Philadelphia are “business associates” of Gatsby’s. Chapter Three6. Chicago and Philadelphia both want Gatsby on the phone. Who are they?Chicago and Philadelphia are “business associates” of Gatsby’s.One can assume that it has something to do with bootlegging and organized crime, as those two cities were hubs for the mob in this era.
32 Chapter Three7. What story is floating around about Jordan and her “incurable dishonesty”?It is rumored that Jordan Baker cheated in her first big golf tournament.She supposedly moved her ball in the semi-final round for a better shot.The scandal died away when a caddie retracted his statementJordan, therefore, “instinctively avoided clever shrewd men” and kept a “cool insolent smile turned to the world.”Nick: “Dishonesty in a woman is a thing you never blame deeply—”
33 “it takes two to make an accident” (58) (63) Discussion!Let’s talk about“it takes two to make an accident” (58) (63)
35 Chapter Four1. Is Nick being sarcastic or serious based on the provided quote? Explain your choice.Quote: “…those who accepted Gatsby’s hospitality…paid him the subtle tribute of knowing nothing whatever about him”Nick is being sarcastic. He does not approve of the people that attend Gatsby’s parties; he believes that they are materialistic and should at least know their host.
36 Chapter Four2. If you had to pick a consummate Gatsby guest, who would you pick and why?Klipspringer is the complete/ representative guest because he has been to Gatsby’s parties for so long and so frequently that people begin to call him “the border” as if he lived there (67)
37 Chapter Four3. During the drive to lunch, what details does Gatsby reveal to Nick about his:FamilyJay comes from a wealthy family in the mid-west and that all of his family is deadEducationJay was educated at Oxford because it was a “family tradition”Source of IncomeJay “came into a good deal of money”He lived in all the capitols of Europe and collected jewels, hunted game, and developed a passion for art
38 4. Where in the “middle-west” does Gatsby claim to be from? Chapter Four4. Where in the “middle-west” does Gatsby claim to be from?Gatsby claims to be from San Francisco (70)
39 5. What is the “white card” that Gatsby uses with the policeman? Chapter Four5. What is the “white card” that Gatsby uses with the policeman?The white card that Gatsby pulls out for the policeman is the Christmas card that he gets from the Police Commissioner every year.Demonstrates his importance and makes it seem as if he is above the law because of his “favors.” (73)
40 Chapter Four6. How might the character and appearance of Meyer Wolfshiem suggest an element of anti-Semitism on the part of the author and the time period?Wolfshiem’s character shows some of the anti-Semitic feelings of the time period because of the negative way in which his appearance is described.He has a small, flat nose; large head; long hair coming out of each nostril; tiny (beady) eyes;Purposefully stereotypical (73-74)
41 Chapter Four7. Describe Daisy’s life as a young girl of 18. What were the rumors circulating about her?As a young girl, Daisy lived in Louisville, KentuckyShe is from a wealthy family and had MANY suitorsShe and Gatsby had a brief relationship before he went off to warRumorsShe packed her bags to bid Gatsby farewell in NY; the fact that she tried to run away created tension within her familyInference = her family forced her to stay by making her marry Tom
42 His accident shows just how long he has been cheating on his wife Chapter Four8. What is the significance of Tom’s car accident in Santa Barbara? How long had he been married?His accident shows just how long he has been cheating on his wifeThree months after they were married he gets into this accidentHe had one of the hotel chambermaids in the car with him (82)Inference = Their marriage crippled by infidelity from the onset
43 Daisy did have affairs in Chicago Chapter Four9. Did Daisy have any affairs in Chicago? Explain in detail how you know.Daisy did have affairs in ChicagoShe used her sobriety to an advantageShe was able to hide her indiscretionsJordan says, “There’s something in that voice of hers.” (82)
44 Gatsby has been keeping up with Daisy throughout the years Chapter Four10. THE BURNING QUESTION: Why did Gatsby buy his huge house and throw all his parties?Gatsby has been keeping up with Daisy throughout the yearsHe bought the house across the bay from her and throws all of these elaborate parties in hopes that she will show up so he can woo her to win her backGatsby’s greatness is a façade; hidden behind it he strives to possess the very one thing he is unable to buy
46 1. What “sideline” partnership does Gatsby offer Nick? Chapter Five1. What “sideline” partnership does Gatsby offer Nick?Gatsby offers Nick a “sideline” parnership in his bootlegging business, a “rather confidential sort of thing” (87-88)Nick declines:“Because the offer was obviously and tactlessly for a service to be rendered, I had no choice except to cut him off there.” (88)
47 2. Describe Gatsby’s behavior up until the moment he sees Daisy again. Chapter Five2. Describe Gatsby’s behavior up until the moment he sees Daisy again.Gatsby appears distracted and paranoidHe has Nick’s lawn cut and sends a “greenhouse” over to adorn Nick’s homeUpon arrival at Nick’s, Nick notices “dark signs of sleeplessness beneath his eyes.” (89)While waiting for their guests, Jay anxiously keeps “peering toward the bleared windows from time to time as if a series of invisible but alarming happenings were taking place outside.” (89)He threatens to leave several minutes before guests are set to arrive
48 Prior to Nick leaving When Nick returns Chapter Five3. Contrast Gatsby and Daisy’s interaction before Nick leaves with their interaction after he returns.Prior to Nick leavingEmbarrassedStrained; shyUncomfortableIt is rainingWhen Nick returnsSerene (“He literally glowed…” 94)Daisy is crying but seems happyGatsby finally “sees” NickThe rain stops
49 Gatsby previously told Nick that he inherited his money Chapter Five4. When Daisy is upstairs washing her face, Gatsby contradicts an earlier piece of information he had given Nick. How does he explain this discrepancy?Gatsby previously told Nick that he inherited his moneyHe corrects himself by explaining that he lost the money her inherited in “the big panic of the war,” but earned it all back in a matter of three years (95)
50 Chapter Five5. Why does Gatsby pull out all of his shirts for Daisy and why does she cry at the sight of them?Gatsby shows Daisy his shirts to impress her, to show how far he has come from the soldier she knew five years ago“…he revalued everything in his house according to the measure of response it drew from he well-loved eyes... He stared around at his possessions in a dazed way as though in her actual and astounding presence none of it was any longer real.” (96-97)She is crying upon the realization that he has done all of this for her