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P13222: FSAE Turbocharger Integration

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Presentation on theme: "P13222: FSAE Turbocharger Integration"— Presentation transcript:

1 P13222: FSAE Turbocharger Integration
Kevin Ferraro, Phillip Vars, Aaron League Ian McCune, Brian Guenther, Tyler Peterson Kevin

2 Introduction Turbocharger integration to improve scoring potential of 2013 car GT-Power simulation Used to select turbocharger Assisted with intake and exhaust design Used to simulate torque and fuel consumption map for Lap Time Simulator Lap Time Simulator Used to compare vehicle parameters to determine scoring tradeoffs Shows that performance gain of turbocharging is worth the fuel efficiency and weight penalties Aaron

3 Project Goals Select appropriate turbocharger for engine package
Design engine peripherals to maximize efficiency and power of powertrain Utilize electronic boost control to enable tuning of fuel efficiency and power for each event via different engine maps Comply with FSAE and FSG rules Design and test for reliability and relatively easy maintenance Tyler

4 Customer Needs Review Importance Description Was It Addressed? Ian 5
Overall Power and Torque Gains: Yes, verified with simulation, needs to be verified on dyno Optimized ECU Map for Best Performance Optimized with simulation, will be finalized on dyno Consistent Engine Performance Will be addressed with repeated dyno testing Necessary Engine Internals are Included with System Yes-Carillo Rods and Swain Tech coated parts 4 Adequate System Cooling Yes-intercooler and radiator sized properly Sufficient Dyno Testing and Validation Will be completed once fully assembled on dyno Optimized Turbo Size for Application Yes-Chosen using simulation results to avoid surge Meet FSAE Noise Regulations Will be determined once dyno testing begins 3 Quick Throttle Response Simulated, will be validated by dyno testing Easy to Access in Car Yes-CAD shows this Compact Design in Car Fit Within Constraints of Current Chassis 2 Easy to Drive Will be tested once on car Drivetrain Components Designed for Power Increase Yes, designers have used simulated values as design parameters Design for Intercooler Location (if required) Yes-CFD analysis confirms location is apt 1 Readily Available Replacement Parts Some will have to be manufactured in house Simple Interface with Current Engine Yes – No modifications are required to interface Maximized Use of Composite Material Yes-Plenum, intercooler parts Ian

5 Important Specifications
Function Specification Unit of Measure Ideal Value Comments/Status Engine Peak Power Output HP and ft-lbf >= 60HP, 45 ft- lbf  62 HP Peak with 45 ft-lbf (GT-Power Model) Intake Mass Air Flow g/s >=40  58 g/s Peak (GT-Power Model) System Overall Weight Increase lbs <=15  Expected powertrain weight increase of <7 lb Funding Cost To Formula Team $$$ <1000 Funding/sponsorship required Compliance With FSAE Rules N/A No Infractions Rules Compliant Ian

6 System Architecture Induction Turbocharger Boost control Engine
Exhaust system Mounting Jack

7 Final Design Jack

8 Final Simulation Model
Phil GT-Power is a 1-D engine simulation software Allows engine flow components to be modeled as 1-D approximations Very good at simulating flow transients and resonances Good at modeling Turbocharger system Must be validated thru testing

9 Turbo Selection phil Comparison of GT0632 VS GT1238. GT12 is close to surge line until 6500 RPM. GT06 is near maximum efficiency until higher engine speeds.

10 Turbocharger Efficiency
phil GT06 turbine operates close to peak efficiency over most of operating range Compressor is near peak efficiency until higher engine speeds This is acceptable since boost will be reduced at higher engine speeds anyway

11 Results From Simulation
Comparisons with Turbocharged (Red) and naturally aspirated powertrain (Blue) Top Left: Power Top Right: Torque Bottom Left: Manifold air pressure Bottom Right: BSFC Phil

12 Transient Data GT Power allows the simulation of transient flow characteristics Can be used for simulation validation by making similar measurements on the Dyno Can also be used to identify performance limitations Cam profile is not ideal, however stock cams are better than Hotcam alternatives phil PV Diagram Mass Flow Thru Valves Static Pressure in Restrictor

13 Lap Time Simulation Lap Time Simulator used to find scoring potential of possible configurations Shows that performance gain of turbocharger outweighs fuel efficiency and weight penalties Kevin

14 Turbocharger Modifications
tyler Flange modifications: Weight savings of 883g Allowed mounting to single port for single cylinder engine (designed for two cylinder diesel)

15 Turbocharger-Mounting
Needs: positioned and constrained robustly allow for thermal expansion isolate from vibration to maximum degree possible follow turbocharger specs for proper lubrication to ensure longevity aaron Structural analysis Modal analysis Verification through testing

16 Intercooler Size-based off intake flow rate and packaging constraints
GT Power model simulated effect on overall system Needs to be verified with test data CFD analysis-ensure proper airflow based on full car location CFD analysis-shroud design for maximum efficiency kevin

17 Intercooler-Modification
Material removal from intercooler core resulted in 192.2g weight reduction Additional weight savings with carbon fiber end tanks kevin

18 Intake/Fuel Delivery Intake shape-packaging constraints, desired volume, runner length Utilized DOE within GT Power for iterative analysis Plenum diameter varied 3-8 inches-5.5” chosen-packaging/performance compromise Runner varied 5-12 inches-9” chosen-packaged better than slightly better 12” length CFD analysis-verify no unusual flow patterns Cone geometry of injector spray based on data from Delphi 2 stage injection system Primary (near intake port) improved starting, low speed operation Secondary (plenum) maximize atomization at high speeds, minimize wall wetting ian

19 Intake/Fuel Delivery Cont’d

20 Electronic Boost Control
Needed to allow tuning flexibility-boost varied for different events Three-way solenoid in-line between manifold pressure and wastegate diaphragm, vented to atmosphere Solenoid controlled via PWM from ECU according to a PID control algorithm to achieve desired boost level jack

21 Exhaust DOE utilized within GT Power Header length varied .5-3.5”
3.5” best, 2.5” chosen-packaging Exhaust length varied .5-8” Minimal effect on performance Header bomb simulated Minimal effect on performance-not adopted Thin walled (.020”) Commercially Pure Grade 2 Titanium chosen for exhaust High working temp Low density tyler

22 Exhaust Cont’d tyler

23 Engine Phil

24 Budget Total: $1,964.00 Purchased Items Item Cost Jack
GT-0632SZ Honeywell Turbocharger $680.00 Intercooler core material $260.00 Sheet aluminum, intercooler end material $50.00 Exhaust plumbing material $250.00 Intake plenum mold material $40.00 Boost Control Selonoid $100.00 External Engine oil piping, hose, fittings Crank Bearings Carillo Connecting Rods $484.00 Total: $1,964.00 Jack Mention Cost event as well

25 Testing Testing to begin on DC Motor Dynamometer as soon as remaining components are manufactured Dyno setup modified to accommodate intake and exhaust systems Testing/tuning with actual components-delayed start, but save manufacturing time/cost, more accurate validation, calibration Measurements will include: Torque Engine Speed Crank Angle Cylinder Pressure Temp and Press will be measured at: Intake Before Intercooler Intake After Intercooler Intake Plenum Exhaust Near Exhaust Port Exhaust After Turbine Data logging will be once per degree of crank angle to verify transients phil

26 Lessons Learned Engine simulation allowed for single iteration of manufacturing-saves time/resources-depends on simulation accuracy Simulation results sensitive to input parameters- many initially unverified Power generated is knock-limited (no feasible way to simulate) Scoring potential trade-off between fuel efficiency and lap time depends on performance of fastest car at competition aaron

27 Future Work Finish manufacturing Complete testing
Verify simulation, change parameters if necessary to ensure accurate future simulations Make multiple ECU maps for different events Install in car Tune based off driver feedback Ensure noise level meets regulations Win at competition ian

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