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Schools + School Nurses = Safe and Healthy Students Add Presenter’s name and credentials here.

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Presentation on theme: "Schools + School Nurses = Safe and Healthy Students Add Presenter’s name and credentials here."— Presentation transcript:

1 Schools + School Nurses = Safe and Healthy Students Add Presenter’s name and credentials here

2 School Day  A classroom teacher sees Tyler wheezing and suddenly struggling to breathe - Is Tyler experiencing an episode of asthma? With proper assessment, medication and treatment (inhaler and/or nebulizer) the student may return to class and continue with his academic program. Is Tyler experiencing a life- threatening allergic reaction? With proper emergency care, Tyler can be safely on his way to the hospital. Without it, he could die within minutes.

3 School Nurse A School Nurse has the nursing assessment skills to manage this potentially emergent situation as well as provide daily care for: – Chronic conditions (diabetes, asthma, seizures) – Medically complex conditions (requiring tube feedings, tracheostomy care, catheterization) – Mental Health support – Emergency care – Injury and illness care and prevention

4 Chronic Conditions  Diabetes – New cases have almost doubled in the past 10 years – Requires monitoring, injectable medication administration, potential for emergency care  Food allergies – Increased 18% in children under 18 – Requires preventative measures, emergency care planning  Asthma – Affects over 10 million children in the U.S. – Requires monitoring, medication

5 Chronic Conditions  Epilepsy – 45,000 children under the age of 15 develop it each year – Requires medication (often given rectally) within minutes of onset, emergency care planning  Obesity – Incidence of obesity has tripled among 6 – 11 year olds and more than tripled among 12 – 19 year olds – 33% of students are overweight or obese affecting their physical and mental health  Medically complex concerns – Require ventilator care, tube feedings, medication and other complex medical cares

6 Health Conditions per 100 U.S. Students Our students need a school nurse!

7 Statistics Overall, from 15% to 18% of children and adolescents have some sort of chronic health condition, nearly half of whom could be considered disabled That’s 18 out of every 100 students in every school!

8 Mental Health Support  One in five children and adolescents have a diagnosable mental health disorder in the course of a year  Academic achievement can be improved through: – Early detection – Timely referral – Access to appropriate services School Nurses spend 32% of their time providing mental health services

9 Emergency Care  School Nurses develop Emergency Care Plans to guide the response to life-threatening health issues: – A student with an allergy (bees, food or latex) who needs injectable epinephrine immediately – Students with seizures need their medication within minutes – often given rectally – Students with diabetes may need injectable glucagon to treat a life-threatening low blood sugar episode – A student with asthma who is struggling to breathe may need a nebulizer treatment

10 Prevention and Care  Immunization rates are higher in schools with school nurses  Unlicensed personnel in schools make more medication errors than nurses  School nurses can identify environmental hazards at school based on injury patterns A School Nurse first identified H1N1 Flu based on the increase in illness in her school!

11 Attendance  School nurses reduce absenteeism  A higher nurse to student ratio is related to better attendance rates – Less likely to dismiss students early than unlicensed personnel – More time in the classroom provides more time for learning – Increases a student’s chances for success!

12 Positive Outcomes  When students are kept in school, parents are able to be productive at work and at home  Appropriate use of health care saves time and money for everyone Fewer 911 callsAppropriate referral

13 Every teacher deserves a School Nurse, so they can teach.

14 Every parent deserves a School Nurse, so they can feel confident that their child is safe at school.

15 Every student deserves a School Nurse so they can be healthy, safe and successful at school.

16 References Chronic Health Conditions  Perrin, J.M., Bloom, S.R., Gortmaker, S. L., (2007). The Increase of Childhood Chronic Conditions in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association, 297 (24) 2755- 2759. doi: 10.1001/jama.297.24.2755.  Branum. A.M. & Lukacs S.L. (2008). NCHS Data Brief, Food Allergy Among U.S. Children: Trends in Prevalence and Hospitalizations, 10,  Ogden, C.L., Carroll, M.D., Curtin, L.R., Lamb, M.M., & Flegal, K.M. (2010). Prevalence of high body mass index in U.S. children and adolescents, 2007-2008. JAMA 303, 242- 249.

17 References Medications  Farris, KB, McCarthy, AM, Kelly, MW, Clay, DL, & Gross, JL. (2003). Issues of medication administration and control in Iowa schools. Journal of School Health, 73(9), 331-337  McCarthy, AM, Kelly, MW, & Reed, D. (2000). Medication administration practices of school nurses. Journal of School Health, 70(9), 371-376

18 References Attendance:  Maughan, E. (2003). The impact of school nursing on school performance: A research synthesis. Journal of School Nursing, 19(3), 163-171.  Pennington, N & Delaney, E (2008). The number of students sent home by school nurses compared to unlicensed personnel. Journal of School Nursing, 24: 290 - 297.  Wyman, L. (2005). Comparing the number of ill or injured students who are released early from school by school nursing and nonnursing personnel. Journal of School Nursing, 21(6), 350-355.

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