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Natural Home / Passive Solar Design Use the Sun for heating and cooling, Use the Wind for Cooling, Energy and Health Have Access from inside to out for.

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Presentation on theme: "Natural Home / Passive Solar Design Use the Sun for heating and cooling, Use the Wind for Cooling, Energy and Health Have Access from inside to out for."— Presentation transcript:

1 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design Use the Sun for heating and cooling, Use the Wind for Cooling, Energy and Health Have Access from inside to out for Connection to the Land Use foliage and devices for shade, wind block, privacy, stability ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) Best passive methods of capturing natural resources for the built environment. Designed for the existing environment and micro-climate. Steep sloping site, but all rooms have access or deck to outside for relationship with Nature. Retained all but 8 trees. Created spaces around trees with deck and benches along steps up the slope to the front door for experiencing the land. 1

2 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design Global Environmental Situation: Environmental (Water/Air/Soil) Economic (40% of Fuel Consumption is for Buildings) Personal Health, for the Body Chemicals in Products & Environment Building & Furniture Materials Drinking Water Fresh Air & Light Spirit of Home, for Peace Comfort Healing Integrated with Nature ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) WHY WE SEARCH THIS OUT

3 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design Historical Systems/Way of Life Ecological Balance Local Materials Local Fuel/Food/Water Local Waste/Recycle Homes in Harmony with the Environment Like the Earth, homes are part of the Planetary Ecosystem Both receive Heat, Light and Cosmic Radiation from the Sun. Both receive Magnetism and Terrestrial Radiation from the Ground. Both receive Rain and Wind from the Sky. ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) 3 BACKGROUND

4 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design Natural Energy Sources Solar Passive Systems (Heat Gain Greenhouses) Active Systems (PV and HW Systems) Wind Passive Systems (Greenhouse Designs/Heat Transfer) Active Systems (Wind Turbines/Farms) Water Passive (Adding heat mass & humidity) Active (Running Turbines/Tidal Power) Earth/Biomass/Geothermal Passive (Compost Heat Gain/Earth Insulating/Building Materials) Active (Compost Steam Generating Plants/Geothermal Systems) ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) 4 BACKGROUND

5 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design Personal Health for the Body Environmental Impact can be as great a factor on Health as Disease or Allergy. Electrical & magnetic fields can affect natural EMF field Steel framed, concrete framed, conduits, ducts, etc. disrupt. Natural Earth ambient energy levels such as electrical pulses and magnetism. Computers, Cell Phones, Wireless Systems are still being tested but signs point to potential serious issues. Noise Pollution Air Pollution Water Pollution & Quality Finding Solitude from Stress ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) 5 BACKGROUND Studying “Building Biology” & as “Our 3 rd Skin”

6 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design Spirit of Home & Peace Physical Comfort Healing Physical Environment of fresh air, cool breezes, moving area, sun’s warm Spiritual Healing of Senses & Awareness Integrated with Nature Many Cultures & Beliefs shape the design of the Home to Harmonize Homes become facilitators of Spiritual Growth in the Home & Spiritual World Special Places in the Home honoring Family, Religion and Beliefs ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) 6 BACKGROUND

7 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) WINDS Fresh Air Changes for Health & Comfort Design location & size of window openings for maximum natural flow of air through the house. Moving air brings relief and dries moisture. Summer Prevailing/Cross Ventilation to maximize Cooling & Comfort Locate Cooling Shading Devices in Path of Breezes into Home Locate Deciduous Trees in Path of Breezes to bring Cool Air into Home Winter Prevailing/Block Cooling Effect to maximize Heat & Comfort Locate Solid Elements or Trees/Landscaping in Path of Winds to block Cold Winds. Use Conifer Trees to ensure Cold Wind is blocked in Winter. Orient and locate home to utilize Terrain and Slopes to block Cold Winds. Locate Turbines & Other Wind Trapping Devices in Path of Prevailing Winds 7 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

8 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) SUN Passive Solar Gain in Winter Winter Heat Gain is very Desirable Maximum Glazing on South/Less on East &West/Minimal on North Orient Home with a slight West Orientation for Atmosphere Heat Lag Design Home for Long dimension in East/West direction & Shallow Dimension in North/South direction so Heat is distributed better toward the full depth Use Thermal Mass Materials for Heat Exchange Principals to Heat/Cool DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

9 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) SUN Passive Solar Gain in Summer Locate Deciduous Trees & Shading Devices in Path of Breezes into Home for cooling Include Overhangs and Other Shading Devices to block steeper Sun’s angles from late Spring through early Fall DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

10 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) SUN Natural Light Healthy wavebands for Humans. Design to provide all lighting utilizes natural light. Orient Rooms in Plan and Site for Best Times of Sun and Shade Create Light Scoops or Clerestory Windows to provide Sunlight to the north spaces as necessary. DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

11 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) SUN Active Solar Locate Panels to Avoid Obstructions and Blocking Elements Design Panels into Building Design & Look for Esthetics Utilize Other Outbuildings and Trellises to maximize Panel Area DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

12 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) EARTH Best Available Insulation Value Readily Available May deaden EMFs and other radiation Material is in concert with the Environment. Many Techniques/Styles per Regions DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

13 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) WATER Excellent Latent Heat Absorbing Material Adds Moisture to Dry Homes Regions Utilize Grey Water Systems for Landscaping. Utilize Bio Swales and other Natural Filtering Materials to minimize any runoff. Power source if Site has Waterways on site to run turbine. DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

14 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CHOOSING A HOME OR SITE Country versus City/Travel & Nature for Congestion and Closeness Pollution Noise Radon or Other Natural Occurring Hazards POSITIVE NEIGHBORHOODS Environmentally Conscious/Organic Focus Green Spaces Transportation Pedestrian Friendly Arts & Alternative SPIRITUAL Experience Space, take time, Positive & Negative Feelings Vegetation/Orientation/Views Life Preferences DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS

15 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) GENERAL Sun Orientation & Obstructions Prevailing Winds Seasonal Temperatures Tree Shade & Types Topography and Siting SITE ECOLOGY Vegetation Topography Wildlife Habitats Soil Type Groundwater Space for Trees for Shade & Noise Buffer DESIGN FACTORS

16 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) GEOGRAPHY OF SITE Radon, Other Natural Radiation High Voltage Power Lines Ground Electromagnetics (EM) Underground Water Sources Geological &Subsoil Formations AIR & WATER QUALITY & LEVELS Determine if Treatment Systems Required Determine if Water Conservation is Required LOCAL TRADITIONAL BUILDING FORMS/STYLES/TECHNIQUES Harmonize with Neighboring Homes & Settings. ADDITIONAL BUILDINGS/SITE USE Outbuildings and Remote Locations Special Spaces for Health, Comfort & Peace DESIGN FACTORS

17 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME Supportive & in Union with Nature Location/Siting/Orientation Benefit of Winter Sun (heating) & Summer Breezes (Cooling) Shelter Home from Winter Wind & Summer Overheat Resulting Reduction in Use of Conventional Fuels DESIGN FACTORS

18 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY TRANSFER AND HEAT EXPLANATION GENERAL Heat moves from warmer to cooler RADIANT HEAT Heat from the Sun or an electric radiator is Radiant Heat Radiant transfers through the Air & absorbs onto surfaces it falls on. Surfaces have different capacities to absorb (or reflect) heat. Dark surfaces absorb; light surfaces reflect. All objects radiate heat in all directions Warmer ones have more heat to exchange with cooler until it balances out. Uncontrolled Radiant Heat is cause of discomfort; temperature reads OK but feel overheated. In reverse, if surfaces not insulated then a large loss of Radiant Heat. DESIGN FACTORS

19 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY TRANSFER AND HEAT EXPLANATION CONVECTION HEAT Air heats, expands, is lighter and rises. When passing over cooler objects it gives off some of its heat, cools, contracts and falls. Faster air movement speeds up the Heat Exchange. However, if air is trapped in spaces of porous objects & pockets, the air does not change. This is the basis of insulation. CONDUCTION Heat transferred from molecule to molecule in a solid material & from one material to an adjacent material. Metals are very conductive, wood less, gases even lower. DESIGN FACTORS

20 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY TRANSFER AND HEAT EXPLANATION SUMMARY Heat Movement is calculated in the following Formula RADIANT HEAT + CONVECTION + CONDUCTION = TOTAL The total is measured in R Value which measures Thermal Resistance, and in U Value which measures Heat Transfer. U Value is the coefficient of R Value. DESIGN FACTORS These are the same principles forming the origins of Mechanical Systems/AC Systems designs / systems and equipment. It is applied to the house as the Mechanical Unit itself.

21 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) MICRO-CLIMATES Understanding the Micro-Climate is essential to proper design. DESIGN FACTORS

22 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) SOLAR HOME The Sun & Earth Relationship is the basis of the Solar Home. It is the same relationship with the Sun. Heat Radiates Winds and Water Currents Circulate Heat Heat Retained near Surface by Atmosphere, Land & Water

23 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) PASSIVE SOLAR Sun heats Spaces directly Liquid stores Heat better than Solids SOLAR HOME ACTIVE SOLAR Utilize Solar Panels for PV or Water Heating MAIN SOLAR SYSTEMS Solar Windows such as Windows, Skylights & Storefront. South facing glass & can add Light Scoops & Clerestory for North rooms. Solar Walls such as Trombe’, Masonry, Stone, along with Glass Layer, Air Space & Fans as required to circulate. Sunspaces such as Greenhouses, Verandas & Glazed Areas on South. Active Systems such as Solar Panels.

24 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) HISTORICAL PRECEDENCE First Homes in Caves Structures built into Ground or Hillsides, and/or Structures designed for Earth on Roof for Centuries in Many Areas of the World EARTH INSULATED HOME THERMAL PROPERTIES Earth is a natural Heat Moderator Below frost line, Earth remains at a constant temperature of 55 degrees F Even between surface and frost line Earth is the best performing insulation.

25 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) EARTH INSULATED HOMES The Cave *Chilli Ainsworth LOCAL ANZA VALLEY EXAMPLE (Not by AVA)

26 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) TIME LAG FACTOR CALLED “THERMAL FLYWHEEL” Soil Heat Transfer Diagram EARTH INSULATED HOME This process allows homes to function with almost no need for additional heating or cooling, meaning minimal use of conventional modern air conditioning methods, utilizing fossil fuels.

27 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) HOT (& HUMID) CLIMATE NEEDS Lower Air Temperature Speed up Air movement Make surfaces cooler Reduce Humidity COOL HOME for Hot Climate SHADING THE STRUCTURE (Block/Reflect Sun Radiation) Trees, Shrubs, Creepers, Earth cover all block Solar gain. Long Overhangs, Awnings, Shutters, Screens, Shade Cloth, Pergolas, Trellises, Verandas, Low Emission Glass, Sails Reflect radiation with light colors in roof & wall colors

28 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) COOL HOME for Hot Climate SHADING FORM & LAYOUT AFFECTS COOLING Example: Courtyard Design (Courtyard Plants & Water add Humidity as well) SUMMER Thick outer Walls & Roof keep spaces cool and Sun hits the courtyard for short time. Convection Currents keep cool air pockets in smaller rooms. As courtyard heats up, the cool air is drawn from the rooms to the courtyard, creating cooling breeze effect. At night, heat from the courtyard roofs, stone floors cause reverse convection, drawing heated air to the back rooms. Also sleeping is accommodated in or near the courtyard. WINTER Reverse process, and heat is left in rooms by shuttering windows and openings to retain the heat.

29 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) COOL HOME for Hot Climate SHADING FORM & LAYOUT AFFECTS COOLING Example: Courtyard Design (Courtyard Plants & Water add Humidity as well)

30 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) COOL HOME for Hot Climate VENTILATION GENERAL Increasing air movement helps evaporation from the skin & makes one feel fresher and active. Hot regions generally have winds to help cool the areas and building. When designing vent locations, air to enter low (cool air) and exit high (heated air). Have air pass over water in dry climate; water in bowls and/or pools, and through vegetation.

31 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) COOL HOME for Hot Climate VENTILATION Wind Scoop Idea to Generate Winds Wind scoops grab upper cooler winds at roof level. Air is sucked down to lower floor rooms, which pushes the heated air out (This is assured by high pressure at the windward side, and low pressure on the leeward side. Window screens or lattice also used to reduce direct Sunlight.

32 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) COOL HOME for Hot Climate THERMAL STACK EFFECT Induces Ventilation & Cooling Works like convection with passive solar heating elements in place, like sunspaces and solar windows. Passive Solar when Heating, the space is radiated. Passive Solar when Cooling, is the reverse. The Heat is allowed out at the top of the space, and the Cold Air is drawn from below. Thermal Mass materials keep the process working. The example home in the poster is this process. The central stair has open treads to allow the “chimney” effect allowing the air to work per the rules. The mass is the concrete slabs at the bottom level.

33 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) COOL HOME for Hot Climate THERMAL STACK EFFECT Induces Ventilation & Cooling

34 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) COOL HOME for Hot Climate RADIANT COOLING Induces Cooling with Greenhouse Space The greenhouse space thermal mass elements are cooled at night. Windows are opened to absorb the cool air at night. During the day, as the Heat rises in the space, vents at upper levels are opened to remove the Heat. This also induces the cooler air flow with opening lower vents or windows, pulling the cool air through the home to the greenhouse space. The case study home is intending to use this process. The greenhouse space will work with water mass, concrete, tile or stone elements, and pull cool air from the north shaded deck and under-building cooler air.

35 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) COOL HOME for Hot Climate RADIANT COOLING Induces Cooling with Greenhouse Space

36 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME ALTERNATE FUEL CHOICES Wood Stoves Wood Pellet Stove with Efficient Emissions Controls Propane Electricity Solar Power (PV & HW) Biomass Heat/Steam Waste Heat/Steam Wind Power Water Power

37 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME ENERGY CONSERVATION Weather-stripping Insulation Sealing Gaps Upgrades to Skin (Doors/Windows/Insulation) Change Use/Lifestyle Turn things off Use Auto Lighting Controls Indigenous Landscaping and Drip Irrigation Flush Toilet Less/Shorter Showers/Low Flow Plumbing Walk/Bike More Install Trees/Plantings/Shading/Wind Blocks Increase Solar Gain in Winter Set AC/Heating Units to 78 F Summer & 66 F Winter Zone Rooms Efficient Lighting & Controls

38 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME ENERGY CONSERVATION Water (Drinking/Bathing/Symbolic/Spiritual) Essential to Life 1% of Earth’s Water is Potable Man has been polluting this small amount Plumbing Fixtures & Use: WC, WH, DW High Efficiency Fix Leaks Short Showers Hand Wash in Bowls not running Water Full Load Washing Grey Water & Rainwater Use Air Quality Perform Testing to Determine Whole House Exhaust Systems Design a Breathing House

39 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME ENERGY CONSERVATION Scents Sound and Sound Control Control Noise Pollution Light & Color Artificial Light Energy Efficient Colors to Maximize Reflectivity/Design/Therapeutic Day lighting Energy Conservation Healthy Utilize Light Scoops & Clerestory Windows into spaces, esp North Spaces while aware of Heat Gain

40 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME MATERIALS Building Exterior is an Organism, a 3 rd Skin 1 st Skin is our own; 2 nd Skin is our clothes. Historical Local Materials (good for some regions/not so others) Local Traditions of Building Centuries Long Traditions Created a Sense of Harmony & Place MATERIAL ISSUES Sustainable (Regrowth/Close/Abundant) Life Cycle Cost Analysis (Full Costs incl Future Projections) Energy Costs (Full Cycle with Shipping/Production) Simple and less Cost is Local Produced as Available Produced & Shipped adds total Costs and Impacts Health Attributes or Health Risks

41 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME MATERIAL CHOICES & STRUCTURES Stone Bricks/CMU/Cut Stone/Cast Stone/Dry Set Stones Glass & Plaster Double Insulated Glass Recommended (if Insulation in place as well) Plaster Coats for Straw Bale Metals Earth Concrete Adobe Brick&Cob SuperAdobe Raw & Fired Earth Straw Bale Timber Natural Fibers

42 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME MATERIAL CHOICES & STRUCTURES Earth Concrete Adobe Brick & Cob SuperAdobe (Cal Earth) Raw & Fired Earth Straw Bale Timber

43 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME SPACES & DESIGNS Locate Spaces with Parameters Site Orientation Topography Micro-Climate To Best Use Available Resources Natural Light Views Wind Sun Smells Sounds (or lack thereof) Air Arrange Spaces for Living & Spiritual Flow of Life Integrate Indoor and Outdoor Spaces to Extend the Home into Nature and sometimes blur the separation line.

44 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME SPACES & DESIGNS Greenhouse Spaces Integral Part of Passive Solar Heating/Cooling and other Designs Aspects Indoor plantings that compliment light, air, and smells. Install Plants, Sun, Air Flow, and Thermal Mass to Function Best Outdoor Green Spaces Extend as another room Include Water, Foliage, Seating Private Spaces Spiritual, Personal, Religious Themes Natural Landscaping Organic Gardening Permaculture

45 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME SITE VIEW WINTER WIND SUMMER WIND NORTH SA SANTA ANNA WINDS Heat Sink Area DG Driveway Down Slope

46 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME OLDER MANUFACTURED HOME EXISTING BENEFITS Grey-water Waste Water System for Landscaping Storm Water System for Landscaping High Efficiency Wood Pellet Stove Ceiling Fans Orientation with long South Face for Winter Passive Solar Heating & Future Installation of Solar Panels Existing Roofed Porches Adding Cooling Shade and Space Large Deciduous & Conifer Trees for Shading Surrounding most faces of Home. Trees and Foliage Situated for both Shade in Summer and Wind Block in Winter. Mountain Views are peaceful & spiritual. Drip Watering System distributed throughout site. Secure fenced Garden area adjacent to home.

47 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME OLDER MANUFACTURED HOME UPGRADES (GENERAL) Insulation Value & Solutions One Idea: Strip Off Inner Finish, Sister Stud to deepen and add R19 and new finish. 2 nd Idea: Investigate Straw Bale Exterior Wrap with Plaster Finish and Roof Retrofit Consider Options for Roof Insulation/Drop false ceiling inside. Doors and Windows to Upgrade. Add more Shading Devices to Combat Direct Solar Radiation. Upgrade WH & Furnace. Consider Quick Heat WH. LIFE CYCLE COSTS SYSTEM COMPARISONS Current Construction & Design/Associated Costs Current & Future Operating Costs Future Repair/Servicing/Upgrade Costs

48 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME OLDER MANUFACTURED HOME UPGRADES (GENERAL) Consider Planting Replacement Trees for older South Trees. Add more Conifer Trees along Winter Wind prevailing path(s). (Large one recently removed.) Add Greenhouse Element for Radiant Cooling, draw cool air from North Side. Add more Outbuildings to Enjoy Land, Shaded Area & Peace. Add more circulation Points to Access Outdoors from Indoors. Create Sense of Arrival Point with Feature Element. Create More Private Relationship & Access from Home to Garden. PASSIVE COOLING SCHEDULE-EXPERIMENTING Currently Working on Avoiding AC Cooling as Possible Open Windows at Night/Shut Down as Sun Heats Up early AM Ceiling Fans Start between 9 and 11 am. Worst days AC starts at 2 pm, for 3 hours. Two days so far this summer.

49 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME LANDSCAPING AREA/INDOOR-OUTDOOR CIRCULATION Created sense of Entry and Place. Removed guardrails surrounding deck and added stairs along two open sides. Extended deck for spa and added many seating options. In addition to access, the extended open deck area with air slots is intended to add to the greenhouse design for Cooling. To Add Exterior door from Master Bedroom to Spa. BEFORE AFTER

50 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME LANDSCAPING AREA/INDOOR-OUTDOOR CIRCULATION Designed Landscape to work with new Circulation. Removed guardrails surrounding deck and added stairs along two open sides. Reused Wood & Materials BEFORE AFTER

51 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME GREENHOUSE ADDITION Radiant Cooling AFTER Continue enhancing access and connection with Outdoor Four Sliding Doors with Aquarium Tanks or similar Thermal Mass

52 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME GREENHOUSE ADDITION Radiant Cooling. AFTER Currently a Heat Sink. Trees too far back

53 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) CASE STUDY ANZA HOME OUTBUILDING ENHANCEMENT Create sense of Peace and Solitude Utilize Area with Shade and Privacy Upgrade Building to Accommodate People Relief from Heat Association with Other Future Outbuildings BEFORE AFTER

54 Natural Home / Passive Solar Design ANZA VALLEY ARCHITECT NATURAL HOME DESIGN TECHNIQUES (FOR LIVING, HEALTH AND ECONOMICS) QUESTIONS & DISCUSSION ON ANZA VALLEY & CONTACT INFORMATION Paul J Pedtke Anza Valley Architect California Licensed Architect #C Address: Cell Phone:


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