Presentation on theme: "Construction and Destruction of the Earth. Some forces of nature are constructive – they build up the Earth Can you think of some constructive forces?"— Presentation transcript:
Construction and Destruction of the Earth
Some forces of nature are constructive – they build up the Earth Can you think of some constructive forces? Other forces are destructive – they wear down the Earth Can you think of destructive forces?
The earth is made up of many plates that make up the Earth’s crust
Earthquakes Are they constructive or destructive? During an earthquake some crust may push other crust around depositing it somewhere else – building crust in another area During an earthquake some crust may be destroyed – let’s model it
Earthquakes During an earthquake some crust may be destroyed – let’s model it –Give each student an Oreo cookie –Tell students to separate the two halves of the cookie and scrape their teeth over the filling –This is like the plates of the earth’s crust scraping & moving past each other –Ask students what happened to the white filling “crust” So earthquake can be: constructive or destructive?
Volcanoes Let’s model a volcanic eruption –Give each student a volcano model made from “Plaster of Paris” - you need to make these ahead of time –Give each student a Ziplock bag of powered “Plaster of Paris” –Add some water & mix with “Plaster of Paris” –Use scissors to cut the corner of the bag and have students “erupt” the mixture onto their volcano model
Volcanoes Your model eruption is similar to a real eruption because … –Your Plaster of Paris “lava” cools and hardens just like real lava Did this construct or build new crust or destruct it? – circle one
Glaciers Glaciers are a large slow moving river of ice and debris Let’s model how glacier’s effect the earth’s surface
Glaciers Did your glacier make any marks on your volcano? Your model glacier is similar to a real one because the real glacier also has rocks that scrape the land when the glacier moves over the land Did this construct or build new crust or destruct it? It also pushes soil, boulders, and other things in its path out of the way and deposits them somewhere else Does this construct or build new crust or destruct it? This is a picture of a real U-shaped valley
Let’s try some sample TAKS questions.
This does NOT build new land Lava cools & hardens to build new land
The glacier carves the shape of the valley The glacier does not directly affect this.