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Constructive and Destructive Landforms

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Presentation on theme: "Constructive and Destructive Landforms"— Presentation transcript:

1 Constructive and Destructive Landforms

2 Destructive Landform Processes
Break down Earth’s surface causing the land to become flat. Interactions between hydrosphere, atmosphere and lithosphere. Weathering and erosion.

3 Weathering Weathering is the breaking down of rocks into smaller pieces. Rain, ice, and atmospheric gases cause this.

4 Physical weathering Rocks are broken into smaller pieces by physical agents. Ice wedging. Plant and animal actions. Water

5 Chemical weathering Breaking down of rocks due to the chemical change in their composition. Air and water often cause this. Oxidation (rust) and acid rain.

6 Erosion The process that moves rock material at Earth’s surface and caries it away. Movement of the rock particles.

7 Causes of erosion… Gravity-landslides/rockslides.
Running water-rivers form canyons Groundwater-underground water forms caves/caverns Glaciers-rocks are carried under a glacier. Wind-rock particles are blown Ocean currents-sand is moved along a beach by waves.

8 Constructive Landform Processes
Processes that build up Earth’s surface and cause the land surface to rise.

9 Deposition The process by which eroded material is dropped off or deposited in a new area. Gravity Water Wind Glaciers Ocean currents

10 Folding and Faulting Forces in Earth’s surface caused by the movement of Earth’s plates squeezes and bends the surface of Earth. Folding occurs when the crust is bent upward or downward. Faulting occurs when the crust is actually broken.

11 Volcanic Activity The movement of liquid rock underground and on earth’s surface. Magma is hot liquid rock beneath the Earth’s surface. Magma is less dense than solid rock so it rises to the surface. This forms a volcano.

12 When volcano’s erupt, they release hot liquid rock called lava.
Lava will harden forming new landforms.

13 Landforms from Erosion
Canyons/valleys Flowing water removes sediment.

14 Sea cliffs Waves erode rock making steep cliffs.

15 Sea caves, arches, and stacks.

16 Landforms from Deposition
Flood plains Sediments deposited when rivers overflow their banks.

17 Deltas and Alluvial Fans
When a stream flows into a large body of water (lake/ocean) or onto land, it deposits sediment in a fan shape. Delta-fan shaped pattern in a lake or ocean. Alluvial fan-fan shaped pattern on land.


19 Beaches Area of shoreline made up of sediment deposited by ocean currents and waves.

20 Landforms from Folding and Faulting
Block mountains Large areas of Earth are forced upwards in a fault.

21 Rift valley When two pieces of Earth’s surface are separating from each other.

22 Folded mountains When the surface of Earth is bent upward making a mountain.

23 Landforms from Volcanic Activity

24 Caldera A collapsed volcano.

25 Dome mountain Magma forces the surface of Earth up into a dome shaped mountain.

26 Plateau Lava slowly flows from a break in Earth’s surface, forming a plateau.

27 Primetime What are two examples of destructive forces?
What are four examples of constructive forces? Give an example where constructive and destructive forces work together to create a landform.

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