Presentation on theme: "September 8 th, 2014 Miriam Aschkenasy MD, MPH Deputy Director of Global Disaster Response, MGH Center for Global Health Global Disaster Response in the."— Presentation transcript:
September 8 th, 2014 Miriam Aschkenasy MD, MPH Deputy Director of Global Disaster Response, MGH Center for Global Health Global Disaster Response in the Philippines: A case study
Overview What is a disaster? What does the humanitarian sector look like? Current standards and frameworks Case Study in the Philippines
Overview Frameworks and Standards Civil and Military Engagement UN Coordination Professionalization
What is a disaster? An event, such as an accident or a natural catastrophe, that causes great damage or loss of life.
It’s about the most vulnerable 42 million displaced people worldwide 80% of displaced populations are women and children Mortality rates of displaced are 6-60 times those pre-displacement
What does the humanitarian sector look like? MULTIDISCIPLINARY PARTNERS STANDARDS COMMUNITY
What does the humanitarian sector look like? UN INGO’s NGO Central Government Regional and local Government ICRC/IFRC Military Academic institutions Community based organizations Religious groups Spontaneous volunteers Beneficiaries Donors Other countries
International Standards and Best Practices
UN Coordination UN OCHA United Nations Office For the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Health specific 58 th world health assembly enacted international health regulations* IASC – inter agency standing committee humanitarian reforms in 2005, 2011 WHO becomes health sector cluster lead WHO supports member states in preparedness and relief Developing performance standards and providing technical expertise
Frameworks and Standards
Civil – Military Engagement What works? What doesn’t work?
Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) Category 5 “Super Storm” November 8, 2013 Peak intensity with ten-minute sustained winds of 145 mph Killed at least 6,201 people in the Philippines The strongest storm EVER recorded at landfall and unofficially the strongest typhoon ever recorded in terms of wind speed.
92 million total population of the Philippines (as of 2010) 50 million total population of the nine regions hit by Typhoon Haiyan 11.3 million people affected in these nine regions (as of 12 November) 673,000 displaced (as of 12 November) Sources: Republic of the Philippines National Statistics Office; National Statistical Coordination Body (NSCB); Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)
Typhoon Aftermath 17
Unique aspects of this response
UN Coordination CENTRAL COMMAND -Regional government with support from UN -Clusters -INGO’s/NGO -Military
Frameworks and Standards FMT REGISTRATION Arriving at the airport 20
Civil-Military Engagement Local government would not allow teams to travel without military or police escort Acted as translators, crowd control, & facilitated transfers to hard to reach areas