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In the 1830s Northern abolitionists began to agitate for an end to slavery.
Former slaves who eloquently demanded an end to slavery: Frederick Douglass Sojourner Truth
Northern abolitionists set up the Underground Railroad to help slaves escape to the North and Canada.
Abraham Lincoln narrowly won the 1860 presidential election. By 1861 the Civil War had begun.
The Union won the Civil War, the most devastating war in American history, in The South was economically and Morally devastated.
By 1900, Southern states had enacted discriminatory regulations preventing African- Americans from exercising their right to vote.
The postwar North experienced an industrial boom that attracted a flood of new European immigrants seeking work in U.S. factories.
Late 1800s technological progress was spurred by: *completion of the transcontinental railroad *invention of the typewriter, the telephone, the light bulb
1841 – The first caravan of covered wagons brought pioneers across the Great Plains on the way to Oregon country.
Tribes of the Great Plains: *the Sioux *the Crow *the Pawnee Tribes of the Northwest: *the Nez Perce (most powerful)
By the mid-1800s life for all the Native Americans was doomed to change. *armed conflicts *signed treaties
Journalistic accounts of the Civil War established a taste for realistic writing. Rich subject matter for memorable poems, stories, histories, plays.
War literature produced by writers who had fought in the struggle *Ambrose Bierce and those who came after the war *Stephen Crane
Realism became an important literary movement in the latter half of the nineteenth century.
Realism attempts to create in fiction a truthful imitation of ordinary life. It arose as a reaction against the sentimentality of most Romantic fiction.
The realist presented the everyday events of a particular time and place.
Local-color realists portrayed the dialects, dress, mannerisms, customs, character types, and landscapes of their regions with an eye for accurate detail.
The rapid growth of magazines provided a ready outlet for local- color writing.
Mark Twain *prominent early local-colorist *first popularity - “The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” 1865 *masterpiece - The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Other local-colorists: *Willa Cather – the Great Plains *Kate Chopin – the deep South *Mary Wilkins Freeman – New England
By the end of the nineteenth century, realism had replaced Romanticism as the dominant way of viewing human life.
Realists *not so optimistic as they watched the century draw to a close
Realists: not so certain that humans could improve their lives, only that humans would continue to try.
Regionalism Society and History Post Civil War Civil War left the South in ruins Farms, factories, and plantations destroyed Rail lines were.
Realism Realism An Age of Transition An Age of Transition
American Realism: Division, Reconciliation, Expansion.
A House Divided and Restored Authors/Topics to be covered Walt Whitmans Poetry Spirituals Frederick Douglass Abraham Lincoln Robert E. Lee.
Realism in American Literature Lecture Objectives To gain an overview of the historical context and literary concerns of Realism.
US HISTORY 101. EARLY AMERICA NATIVE AMERICANS CONSISTED OF MANY DIFFERENT TRIBES AND SOCIETIES. A WIDE VARIETY OF CULTURES AND PEOPLES.
American Literary Periods and Their Characteristics.
CIVIL WAR Cause of the Civil War Part 1 Abraham Lincoln here, and I am going to tell you about the journey that brought us to the Civil War.
From Romanticism to Realism Madame Bovary The idea of realism is that it would shine a light on the real world and not hide behind some lovely romantic.
Chapter 1 (BEGINNINGS-1700). C1S1 The Earliest Americans Main Ideas 1.Climate changes allowed people to migrate to the Americas. 2.Early Societies existed.
US Regions and Economy STD Objective: identify geographic advantages and their role in America's emergence as an economic/industrial power.
The Civil War and Reconstruction Standard 4. Regional Characteristics USHC-4.1 Compare the social and cultural characteristics of the North, the South,
Literary Movements in American Literature Mrs. Hernandez.
Ch.15 notes By the 1890s over half of all immigrants in the U.S. were eastern and southern Europeans, including Italians, Greeks, Poles, Slavs, Russians,
AMERICAN LITERARY REALISM. Realism is nothing more and nothing less than the truthful treatment of material. --William Dean Howells, Editors Study, Harper's.
American Literature A Year in Review. Unit 1: Colonial Period (Native Americans, Explorers, and Puritans) Time Period: Beginnings – 1750 Time Period:
Social Studies Homework Read p – Write definitions in back of spiral.
CHAPTER 3: THE GROWTH OF A YOUNG NATION AMERICA EXPANDS IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19 TH CENTURY.
VA/US Review of Unit 4: SOL 8-10 Industrialization, Globalization, and World War I.
Reforms, Revolutions, and War Section 4 Daily Spark Tuesday, March 2 nd In order to receive full credit, be sure to include todays date and use complete.
Before the Civil War, America was essentially an idealistic, confident, and self- reliant republic. After the war, the United States emerged.
Ch. 9: Life at the Turn of the 20 th Century:
Civil War Begins Pages Secession After the John Browns raid on Harpers Ferry, many southerners believed secession was the only way to protect.
Causes of the American Civil War. Essential Question How did certain issues and events cause the civil war?
Literary Movements in American Literature. Origins and Encounters 2000 B.C. – A.D B.C.-Native Americans in Southwest cultivate maize,
CEOCE 8 th Grade. Unit 1: Colonizing America 1. How did colonial settlement affect existing Native American populations? Native Americans did not have.
The Beginnings of African American Literature 1517 to 1875 A.D.
The American Civil War Begins Fill in the blanks on the handout as we go through the notes.
The Causes of the Civil War. Essential Question What led to the growth of slavery in the early 1800s?
U.S. History Review. Great Awakening A period of history that saw: An increase in religious tolerance An increase in religious practice An increase in.
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