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1800-1900. In the 1830s Northern abolitionists began to agitate for an end to slavery.

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Presentation on theme: "1800-1900. In the 1830s Northern abolitionists began to agitate for an end to slavery."— Presentation transcript:

1 1800-1900

2 In the 1830s Northern abolitionists began to agitate for an end to slavery.

3 Former slaves who eloquently demanded an end to slavery: Frederick Douglass Sojourner Truth

4 Northern abolitionists set up the Underground Railroad to help slaves escape to the North and Canada.

5 Abraham Lincoln narrowly won the 1860 presidential election. By 1861 the Civil War had begun.

6 The Union won the Civil War, the most devastating war in American history, in 1865. The South was economically and Morally devastated.

7 By 1900, Southern states had enacted discriminatory regulations preventing African- Americans from exercising their right to vote.

8 The postwar North experienced an industrial boom that attracted a flood of new European immigrants seeking work in U.S. factories.

9 Late 1800s technological progress was spurred by: *completion of the transcontinental railroad *invention of the typewriter, the telephone, the light bulb

10 1841 – The first caravan of covered wagons brought pioneers across the Great Plains on the way to Oregon country.

11 Tribes of the Great Plains: *the Sioux *the Crow *the Pawnee Tribes of the Northwest: *the Nez Perce (most powerful)

12 By the mid-1800s life for all the Native Americans was doomed to change. *armed conflicts *signed treaties

13 Journalistic accounts of the Civil War established a taste for realistic writing. Rich subject matter for memorable poems, stories, histories, plays.

14 War literature produced by writers who had fought in the struggle *Ambrose Bierce and those who came after the war *Stephen Crane

15 Realism became an important literary movement in the latter half of the nineteenth century.

16 Realism attempts to create in fiction a truthful imitation of ordinary life. It arose as a reaction against the sentimentality of most Romantic fiction.

17 The realist presented the everyday events of a particular time and place.

18 Local-color realists portrayed the dialects, dress, mannerisms, customs, character types, and landscapes of their regions with an eye for accurate detail.

19 The rapid growth of magazines provided a ready outlet for local- color writing.

20 Mark Twain *prominent early local-colorist *first popularity - “The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County” 1865 *masterpiece - The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

21 Other local-colorists: *Willa Cather – the Great Plains *Kate Chopin – the deep South *Mary Wilkins Freeman – New England

22 By the end of the nineteenth century, realism had replaced Romanticism as the dominant way of viewing human life.

23 Realists *not so optimistic as they watched the century draw to a close

24 Realists: not so certain that humans could improve their lives, only that humans would continue to try.

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