Presentation on theme: "The Aftermath of World War II The Cold War. Focus Question Why were the United States and the Soviet Union suspicious of each other after World War II,"— Presentation transcript:
Focus Question Why were the United States and the Soviet Union suspicious of each other after World War II, and what events between 1945 and 1949 heightened the tensions between the two nations? How and why did the Cold War become a global affair after 1949?
POST-WAR REALITIES Emergence of the Superpowers –United States –Soviet Union The Bipolar World –Liberal Democracy/Capitalism –Marxist/Leninist Socialism/Communism Decolonization –90 nations gain independence between 1945-1980 –Who will fill the void? –Alignment & non-alignment
The Ideological Struggle The Bipolar World Variations on the Enlightenment Tradition –Liberal Democracy/Capitalism Individual Rights & Individual Freedoms –Marxist/Leninist Socialism/Communism Collective Rights & Collective Freedom The Judaeo-Christian Tradition vs Religion as the “Opiate of the Masses”
The Munich Syndrome Neville Chamberlain Returns to England from Munich with “peace for our time”
The Munich Syndrome The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan Containment The Domino Theory – Eisenhower Mutually Assured Destruction Peaceful Co-existence
George C. Marshall Secretary of State 1947-1949 Marshall Plan 1948-1951 13+ Billion