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The Aftermath of World War II The Cold War. Focus Question Why were the United States and the Soviet Union suspicious of each other after World War II,

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Presentation on theme: "The Aftermath of World War II The Cold War. Focus Question Why were the United States and the Soviet Union suspicious of each other after World War II,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Aftermath of World War II The Cold War

2 Focus Question Why were the United States and the Soviet Union suspicious of each other after World War II, and what events between 1945 and 1949 heightened the tensions between the two nations? How and why did the Cold War become a global affair after 1949?

3 World War II in Europe

4 Big Three at Potsdam July 17 to August 2, 1945

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6 July 16, :29am First A-Bomb

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8 Hiroshima, August 6, 1945

9 POST-WAR REALITIES Emergence of the Superpowers –United States –Soviet Union The Bipolar World –Liberal Democracy/Capitalism –Marxist/Leninist Socialism/Communism Decolonization –90 nations gain independence between –Who will fill the void? –Alignment & non-alignment

10 Decolonization

11 Europe after WWII

12 Iron Curtain Speech At Westminster College Fulton MO March 5, 1946

13 Europe During the Cold War

14 The Ideological Struggle The Bipolar World Variations on the Enlightenment Tradition –Liberal Democracy/Capitalism Individual Rights & Individual Freedoms –Marxist/Leninist Socialism/Communism Collective Rights & Collective Freedom The Judaeo-Christian Tradition vs Religion as the “Opiate of the Masses”

15 The Munich Syndrome Neville Chamberlain Returns to England from Munich with “peace for our time”

16 The Munich Syndrome The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan Containment The Domino Theory – Eisenhower Mutually Assured Destruction Peaceful Co-existence

17 George C. Marshall Secretary of State Marshall Plan Billion

18 Berlin Airlift 22 June May 1949

19 July 16, :29am First A-Bomb

20 August 29, 1949 First Soviet A-bomb Test

21 The Arms Race

22 Europe During the Cold War

23 The China Issue Chairman Mao Victory over Chiang Kai-Shek, 1949 People’s Republic of China Great Leap Forward, Cultural Revolution, Mao & Nixon 1972

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25 The Korean War Landing at Inchon Gen. Douglas MacArthur

26 The Munich Syndrome The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan Containment The Domino Theory – Eisenhower Mutually Assured Destruction Peaceful Co-existence

27 Sputnik and Space Race October 4, 1957

28 Berlin Wall Under Construction November 1961 In Later Stages

29 Fidel Castro 1926-present University Student Guerrilla Leader Castro and Khrushchev

30 Cuban Missile Crisis October 1962

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32 Cabinet Meeting at Height of Cuban Missile Crisis


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