Presentation on theme: "Korea, Mongols, and Koryo Leaders initially resisted Mongol invasions but gave up in 1258 when king of Koryo surrendered and joined his family to the Mongols."— Presentation transcript:
Korea, Mongols, and Koryo Leaders initially resisted Mongol invasions but gave up in 1258 when king of Koryo surrendered and joined his family to the Mongols by marriage. Koryo kings fell under the influence of the Mongols.
Profit Korea profited from exchange with the Yuan in which new technologies were introduced. Some examples include: –Cotton –Astronomy –Gunpowder –Calendar making –Celestial clocks
Collapse and Rise Koryo collapsed shortly after the fall of the Yuan. Replaced by Yi dynasty. Yi reestablished local identity and restored the status of Confucian scholarship. Maintained Mongol administrative practices and institutions.
Innovations of the Yi Moveable type in copper frames Meteorological science Local calendar Use of fertilizer Engineering of reservoirs Grew many cash crops at this time
Korean Military Technology Patrol ships with mounted cannons Gunpowder arrow-launchers Armored ships
Mongol Invasion of Japan Happened in 1274 and was unsuccessful. Decentralized lords of Kamakura Japan developed a greater sense of unity as a result. Shogun centralized planning and preparation for a second assault.
Second Mongol Invasion Happened in 1281. Defeated by defensive preparations and a typhoon. Kamakura regime continued to prepare for further invasions, but these were very expensive.
Kamakura Shogunate Falls Destroyed in a civil war. Ashikaga shogunate established in 1338. Ashikaga period was a weak shogunal state, but they had strong provincial lords. –These lords developed markets, religious institutions, schools, increased agricultural production, and artistic creativity.
Onin War War took place in 1477. After this war, the shogunate exercised no power and the provinces were controlled by independent regional lords who fought with each other. Regional lords also carried out trade with continental Asia.
Emergence of Vietnam Divided into two states: –Chinese-influenced Annam in the north –Indian-influenced Champa in the south Mongols extracted tribute from both states After fall of Yuan Empire, the two states began to fight with each other
Rule by Chinese and Annam Ming ruled Annam through puppet government for almost 30 years in the early fifteenth century until their control was thrown off in 1428. By 1500 Annam had completely conquered Champa and established a Chinese-style government over all Vietnam.