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Buffalo Soldiers 1866 - 1944 “We Can, We Will” & "Ready And Forward!"

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Presentation on theme: "Buffalo Soldiers 1866 - 1944 “We Can, We Will” & "Ready And Forward!""— Presentation transcript:

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2 Buffalo Soldiers “We Can, We Will” & "Ready And Forward!"

3 Black soldiers fought in George Washington's army during the War of Independence, and served with Andrew Jackson at New Orleans in Late in 1861, Colonel T. W. Higginson took command of the First Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers, the first Black regiment in the service of the United States.

4 On July 17, 1862, Congress passed the Second Confiscation and Militia Act, which freed slaves who had masters in the Confederate Army. Five days later, on July 22, President Lincoln submitted his preliminary draft of the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves. Recruitment remained low until black leaders and abolitionists urged African-American men to enlist in the army. Frederick Douglass believed that if black men were given the opportunity to fulfill a patriotic service, wearing a musket on their shoulder, they would earn the right be accepted as first-class citizens.Emancipation Proclamation, On June 28, 1866, an Act of Congress authorized the creation of six regiments of Black troops, two of cavalry and four of infantry. These troops went on to play a major role in the history of the West, as the "Buffalo Soldiers."

5 "We Can, We Will!“ On September 21, 1866, the 9th Cavalry Regiment was activated at Greenville, Louisiana under command of Colonel Edward Hatch. "Ready And Forward!" The 10th Cavalry was organized September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas with Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson commanding. Most of its recruits came from Philadelphia, Boston and Pittsburgh Our Mottos

6 For more than 20 years, the 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments served on the frontier from Montana to Texas, along the Rio Grande in New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and the Dakotas. They built forts and roads, strung telegraph lines, protected railroad crews, escorted stages and trains, protected settlers and cattle drives, and fought Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache warriors, among others. Dangers such as cholera and rabid wolves sometimes took more lives than Indian warfare.

7 The nickname buffalo soldiers began with the Cheyenne warriors in The actual Cheyenne translation was Wild Buffalo. The nickname was given out of respect and for the fierce fighting ability of the 10th cavalry. Overtime, Buffalo Soldiers became a generic term for all African American soldiers. Stories relating to the origin of the legendary name “Buffalo Soldiers” are as varied as there are people to tell them. A few of the most accepted ideas regarding the name are attributed to the Indians comparing the short curly hair of the black soldiers to that of an actual buffalo. (no weaves, extensions, Jerri Curlys, Philly Fades, just straight up tight fro’s) Another possibility for our nickname was for the heavy buffalo robes the soldiers wore on winter campaigns. Others say that when the American bison was wounded or cornered, it fought ferociously, displaying uncommon stamina and courage, identical to the black man in battle.

8 Those that fought well and went above the call of duty in war were awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor (CMOH) ARMY MEDAL OF HONOR (1862 & revised edition for 1896) Struck from the same die as the Navy Medal of Honor, the original Army Medal differed only in the emblem that attached it to the same red, white and blue ribbon as the Navy. Replacing the anchor was an eagle perched on crossed cannon and clutching a saber in its talons. Replacing the words "Personal Valor" on the back of the Medal were the words "The Congress To" with an area to engrave the recipient's name.

9 Recipients of the CMOH 9 th Cavalry 9th Cavalry Regiment (1 officer – 11 enlisted) 12 9th Cavalry Regiment (1 officer – 11 enlisted) 12 Lieutenant George Burnett, Troop I Lieutenant George Burnett, Troop I First Sergeant Moses Williams, Troop I First Sergeant Moses Williams, Troop I Sergeant Thomas Boyne, Troop C Sergeant Thomas Boyne, Troop C Sergeant John Denny, Troop C Sergeant John Denny, Troop C Sergeant George Jordan, Troop K Sergeant George Jordan, Troop K Sergeant Henry Johnson, Troop D Sergeant Henry Johnson, Troop D Sergeant Thomas Shaw, Troop K Sergeant Thomas Shaw, Troop K Sgt. Emanuel Stance, Indian Campaigns- for gallantry displayed as an Indian Scout, May 20, 1870, Kickapoo Springs, Texas. Stance was the first African American recipient of the Medal of Honor during the Indian War era. Sgt. Emanuel Stance, Indian Campaigns- for gallantry displayed as an Indian Scout, May 20, 1870, Kickapoo Springs, Texas. Stance was the first African American recipient of the Medal of Honor during the Indian War era. Sergeant Brent Woods, Troop B Sergeant Brent Woods, Troop B Corporal William Wilson, Troop I Corporal William Wilson, Troop I Corporal Clinton Greaves, Troop C Corporal Clinton Greaves, Troop C Private Augusus Walley, Troop I Private Augusus Walley, Troop I

10 Recipients of the CMOH 10 th Cavalry 10th Cavalry Regiment (2 officers – 6 enlisted) 8 10th Cavalry Regiment (2 officers – 6 enlisted) 8 Captain Louis Carpenter, Troop H Captain Louis Carpenter, Troop H Lieutenant Powhattan Clarke, Troop K Lieutenant Powhattan Clarke, Troop K Sergeant Major Edward Baker Sergeant Major Edward Baker Sergeant William McBryar, Troop K Sergeant William McBryar, Troop K Private Dennis Bell, Troop H Private Dennis Bell, Troop H Private Lee Fitz, Troop M Private Lee Fitz, Troop M Private William Thompkins, Troop G Private William Thompkins, Troop G Private George Wanton, Troop M Private George Wanton, Troop M

11 Despite second-class treatment these soldiers made up first-rate regiments of the highest caliber and had the lowest desertion rate in the Army. (nothing to go back to) In the late 1800s and early 1900s, these soldiers were consistently assigned to the harshest posts among Mexican revolutionaries, outlaws and Native Americans during their exploration of the Southwest. The conditions the Buffalo Soldiers fought in, while pursuing the Apache, are described in a letter from Colonel Hatch to General Pope, "...the work performed by these troops is most arduous, horses worn to mere shadows, men nearly without boots, shoes and clothing. That the loss in horses may be understood when following the Indians in the Black Range the horses were without anything to eat five days except what they nibbled from piñon pines, going without food so long was nearly as disastrous as the fearful march into Mexico of 79 hours without water, all this by forced marches over inexpressibly rough trails...It is impossible to describe the exceeding roughness of such mountains as the Black Range and the San Mateo. The well known Modoc Lava beds are a lawn compared with them." (Hatch to Pope, February 25, 1880)

12 Elements of the 9th and 10th went on to fight in Cuba, and took part in the charge up San Juan Hill. Buffalo Soldiers participated in many other military campaigns: The Spanish American War, The Philippine Insurrection, The Mexican Expedition, World War I, World War II, and the Korean Police Action.Spanish American War Korean Police Action

13 FEMALE BUFFALO SOLDIER CATHAY WILLIAMS

14 When Cathay Williams enlisted in the army, women were not allowed to serve as soldiers. So, Williams posed as a man and joined Thirty-Eighth Infantry. As a result, she became the first and the only known female Buffalo Soldier. Williams was born into slavery in Independence, Missouri in She worked as a house slave for William Johnson, a wealthy planter in Jefferson City, Missouri. She worked for him until his death. About the same time, the Civil War broke out and she was freed by Union soldiers. slaveryCivil War Thereafter, she worked for the Army as a paid servant. While serving the soldiers, she experienced military life first hand. She was recruited to Washington to serve as a cook and laundress for them. While traveling with them, she witnessed the Shenandoah Valley raids in Virginia. After leaving Virginia, she traveled to Iowa and then went to St. Louis. Throughout her time working for the Army, she also had the opportunity to travel to New Orleans, Savannah, and Macon. After the Civil War, Williams wanted to be financially independent so she joined the Army. In November of 1866, she enlisted as William Cathay in the Thirty-Eighth United States Infantry, Company A. She was able to do so because during the early days of the military, a medical examination was not required. Only her cousin and a friend were aware of her real identity.

15 Company A, arrived at Fort Cummings in New Mexico on October 1, At the fort, Williams and her company protected miners and traveling immigrants from Apache Indian attacks. While serving, there was insubordination among some of the troops, but Williams was not involved in those incidents. In 1868, Williams grew tired of military life so she feigned illness. She was examined by the post surgeon who then discovered that she was a woman. She was then discharged on October 14, 1868, just short of serving a two year enlistment..

16 Buffalo Soldiers Today Much has changed since the days of the Buffalo Soldiers, including the integration of all military servicemen and women. However, the story of the Buffalo Soldiers remains one of unsurpassed courage and patriotism, and will be forever a significant part of the history of America.America

17 The horse cavalry regiments were disbanded in 1944, and with them, so does the long and proud History of the Buffalo Soldiers.

18 Today the 9th and 10th (Horse) Cavalry Association holds annual reunions at different locations throughout the nation. Associate membership is extended to any person who has rendered outstanding service to the association or the United States through service either in the Armed Forces or their community.

19 The National Buffalo Soldiers monument is located in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

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21 POP Quiz 1. WARM-UP: What was the 9th Cavalry's Motto? "FIRST TO FIGHT" "ROCK OF THE MARNE" "WE CAN DO"% "READY AND FORWARD" 2. Who was the first African-American to receive the Medal of Honor? 2. Who was the first African-American to receive the Medal of Honor? First Sergeant Emanuel Stance% Sergeant James Brown Sergeant Henry Parker Colonel Allen Allensworth 3. How did the Buffalo Soldier's get their name? Indians likening the short curly hair of the black troopers to that of the buffalo Because of the heavy buffalo robes the soldiers wore on winter campaigns Displaying uncommon stamina and courage in battle, identical to the American bison All of the above% 4. The 10th Cavalry Regiment motto: "ARMY OF ONE" "READY AND FORWARD" % "HOOAH" "WHO US" 5. When was the The 10th Cavalry Regiment activated? %

22 6. Where is the National Monument for the Buffalo Soldier's? Fort Concho, Texas Fort Huachuca, Arizona Fort Leavenworth, Kansas% Fort Hood, Texas 7. Who is the first and only know female buffalo solider? Margo Hall Web Vivian Hayes Cathay Williams% Iris Davis 8. How many black soldiers of the Ninth and Tenth Companies won the Medal of Honor? % How many African-Americans served in the Union Army during the Civil War? 150,000 80, , ,000% 10. Where was the 10th Cavalry formed? Fort Leavenworth, Kansas% Greenville, Louisiana Greenville, North Carolina Mobile, Alabama

23 Today’s NABSMC Ken "Dream Maker" Thomas founded the Buffalo Troopers Motorcycle Club of Chicago, in October The organization evolved from the Buffalo Soldiers Motorcycle Club of Chicago, which Ken founded in October of He believed it was time to establish a modern progressive motorcycle club whose focus is to promote a positive image among African Americans that would be respected in the community and throughout the country. The name Buffalo Soldiers was initially selected to pay homage to and ensure the legacy of the African American soldiers contributions in the post Civil War era. That legacy would be carried forth by our membership.

24 The Buffalo Soldiers Motorcycle Club of Georgia

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26 The BSMC-GA is a part of the National Association of Buffalo Soldiers Motorcycle Club. We do not claim any area or territory; however we are about promoting a positive image of African-American motorcyclists across the country. As a motorcycle club, we pride ourselves in the involvement of many community and charitable events. We are also about educating and enlightening the general public, in particular the African-American youth, keeping alive the positive accomplishments of the 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments of the U.S. Army-Buffalo Soldiers.

27 Preserving the Buffalo Soldiers Heritage

28 1866 meet 2004

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