Presentation on theme: "WEEK 2: EXERCISE Going through the writing process"— Presentation transcript:
1WEEK 2: EXERCISE Going through the writing process Fundamental English Writing SkillsDr. Hsin-Hsin Cindy Lee
2Going through the writing process Writing has everything to do with ‘thinking’.The writing process is not only a process of writing but also an inner journey of discovering, reviewing and refining your own thoughts.Never hand in your ‘rough’ draft! Always check and improve your first draft again and again before you submit it. This is the writing process, your efforts and commitment to your work.The writing process will help you ensure the quality of your work and your reputation as a writer.Now, let’s practice the prewriting strategies and the principles for revising and editing your work.
3The First TrySuppose now you are given a topic to write a short article. The topic is “Your Favorite Sport Player”. You are going to decide a specific title, subject and treatment of this subject by yourself.What do you know about sports and who is your favorite sport player? Do you know any professional athlete yourself? For example, do you like Wang, Cheng-Ming or know him in person?Now, let’s try to go through the writing process and practice the prewriting strategies.
4Prewriting Strategies Free writingYou write down whatever you think about the topic.Try non-stopping writing and make it one page (about 400 words).BrainstormingYou make a list to answer the big-six questions.If I want to write about Magic Johnson, I do it in this way:Who? Magic JohnsonWhat? Great basketball playerWhere? NBAWhen? For man than ten yearsWhy? Love of game and great talentHow? Shooting, passing, rebounding, leading, coolness, inspiring…Who do you want to write about? Make a similar list.
5Clustering Short shots shoots shooting slams accurate passing Magic JohnsonlongshortNo-lookleadingsmilepersonalityjoyoptimisticaccomplishments
6Researching Interview Study books or relevant materials Prepare your questionsAsk people’s opinionsAsk yourself if you agree with themDevelop your own opinionsStudy books or relevant materialsCheck the sport player’s official websiteSearch references at the library or bookstoresRead and evaluate your referencesWhat interests you?What do you think?
7Writing the topic sentence Before you write, you decide the main idea of your paragraph (not after!). The topic sentence which normally appears as the first line of your paragraph.Your topic sentence should include subject and treatment. It should be an ‘opinion’, not a fact, example or detail, etc.The topic sentence should avoid being too broad or too narrow.Too broad: “Magic Johnson was everything to everyone.” “Magic Johnson was successful.” (This sounds an opening line. You will need to write a ‘book’ for such a topic sentence.)Too narrow: “Magic Johnson went to Michigan State University.” (You won’t have much to say after this factual statement.)
8Practice: Among the three statements, which one can be an effective topic sentence? _____ Columbus is located in Ohio._____ Columbus is a fabulous city._____ Columbus has dealt thoroughly with itshousing problems.------_____ A monkey is a primate._____ Monkeys are fun._____ In clinical studies, monkeys havedemonstrated a remarkable ability toreason.
9Answer __X_ Columbus is located in Ohio. (too broad) __O_ Columbus is a fabulous city.(an opinion, you can agree or disagree with it)__X_ Columbus has dealt thoroughly with itshousing problems. (too narrow)------_O_ A monkey is a primate._X__ Monkeys are fun. (too broad)_X__ In clinical studies, monkeys havedemonstrated a remarkable ability toreason. (too narrow)
10Writing the outline – Example Topic:My Favorite Sport PlayerTitle:The Great NBA Star – Magic JohnsonTopic sentence:Magic Johnson was a great NBA star because he was excellent in shooting, passing and leading.Outline:I. Shooting (major support 1)A. Shorts Shots (minor support)1. Shovel (detail)2. Slam-dunk (detail)B. Long shotsC. Free throwsII. Passing (major support 2)A. No-look (minor support)B. Precise (minor support)III. Leading (major support 3)A. Energy (minor support)B. Spirit (minor support)1. Faith (detail)2. Smile (detail)
11Practice – Completing the following outlines 1. Too many of us are preoccupied with material things.ClothingCars_______2. Learning English can be easy and fun.I. Watch English moviesII. Listen to English songsIII. ____________3. Smoking should be discouraged.I. Harm to smokersII. _________________III. Cost4. Shoppers in department stores can be grouped according to needs.I. ______________II. Special-needs shoppersIII. Bargain huntersFill in the missing outline parts.The elements of the ‘treatment’ should be relevant and logical.Consider whether you are dealing with time, examples, causes, effects, parts or steps.Don’t overlap or mix them up!When you have time, please develop the details or examples under the minor supports.Please try! After you complete your outlines, you are welcome to send them back for correction!
12Revising & Editing: Do you remember the principles? Rules for revising : CLUESSC: _______L: _______U: _______E: _______S: _______Rules for Editing:Check COPS problemsC: _____O: _____P: _____S: _____
13Answer Revising: Editing: Check the following problems: Capitalization CoherenceLanguageUnityEmphasisSupportSentencesEditing:Check the following problems:CapitalizationOmissionsPunctuationSpelling