2 What’s the difference between parts of speech and parts of a sentence? QuestionWhat’s the difference between parts of speech and parts of a sentence?
3 Theory What are the main parts of a sentence? Subject = who or what the sentence is aboutPredicate = who or what the subject is doing
4 Practice Handout – More grammar: Parts of a sentence Vertical line to separate the subject from the predicateDraw a single line under the subject and a double line under the main verb10 minutes = if you’re done, share with your partner
6 ...a bit furtherSubject complements = a noun describing the subject BUT it appears after the verb.Maria is a doctor - doctor is a subject complement because it describes the subject.Can be identified by a linking verb = be, become, appear, taste, prove, grow, look, remain, seem, feel, sound.These verbs do not describe an action.
7 ...a bit further stillObject nouns = nouns that receive the action of the verbOften answers the question ”what”Maria likes pizza.What does Maria like? Pizza
8 Traditional forms of educational video include film, broadcast television and video cassette playback....include what? Film, broadcast television and video cassette playback. = object nouns
9 ...keep going Main verb vs auxiliary verb Main verb = main action Auxilary verb = helper verb = work horse (be, do, can, would, should, might, will)Compared to traditional forms of video which are viewed primarily in a linear sequence, digital video permits more effective interactivity and control, as video elements can be quickly selected by the user, or controlled by a computer program, in any desired sequence.
10 PracticeMark parts of the predicate, e.g. the main verb and any auxiliary verbs, object nouns or subject complements. Notice where the adverbs are and think about all those other elements in the passage.
12 What is the difference between a phrase and a clause? QuestionWhat is the difference between a phrase and a clause?
13 A clauseA clause has a subject and a verb. I wept. The big brown bear was blowing bubbles. Although I am a teacher, I still have much to learn.
14 A phraseA phrase is a group of words that does not include a subject or a verb or may indeed be missing both.the ancient oak tree (noun phrase = no verb) on a jet plane (prepositional phrase = no verb)
15 QuestionWhat is the difference between a dependent clause and an independent clause?
16 Independent clauseAn independent clause has a subject and a verb, and expresses a complete thought. It can stand alone.I am a teacher. (independent clause – subject, verb and a complete thought)
17 Dependent clauseA dependent clause has a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought. Its meaning is not clear without an independent clause.Although I am a teacher, I still have much to learn. (Although…teacher, = dependent clause. It has a subject and a verb but the thought is incomplete. The meaning is not clear without the independent clause ‘I still have much to learn.’)
18 Homework: Intensive reading Pick a paragraph or two from your reference article and mark it for the following things.subjectpredicatemain subjectmain verbauxiliary (helper) verbsindependent clausesdependent clausesphrases (prepositional, noun, adverbial, etc.)object nouns - If you can answer the question ‘what’ after the verb, you have yourself an object. E.g., I found a peanut. I found what? ‘A peanut’ = peanut is the object of the verb ‘found’ ; it is receiving the action of being found.subject complements – these are things describing the subject and are usually introduced by some form of the verb ‘to be’. E.g. The fog was so thick that I couldn’t see my hand in front of my face. Subject complement = thick.
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