2 What is happening?Take another look at ionic solutions, what is the difference?
3 Which substances are electrolytes? Salts:A salt is a substance produced by the chemical bonding of metal and non-metal ions.These ions are usually not H+ or OH- (an ionic molecule)H2ONaCl (s) Na+ (aq) + Cl- (aq)SolidIn aqueous solution
4 Which substances are electrolytes? Acids:A substance that releases H+ ions in solution.HCl(l) H+ (aq) + Cl- (aq)H2OLiquid
5 Which substances are electrolytes? Bases:A substance that releases OH- (an ionic molecule) in solution.NaOH(s) Na+ (aq) + OH- (aq)
6 What are some exceptions that are hard to figure out: Vinegar (acetic acid):CH3COOH CH3COO- + H+Ammnonia (NH3) a base:NH3 + H2O NH4+ + OH-
7 SugarSugar is not an electrolyte because it does not produce ions in solution.C12H22O11 (s) C12H22O11 (aq)