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Sources for a Postal History of the Gatineau Valley Gatineau Valley Historical Society September 19, 2011 Pascal LeBlond, Manager Philatelic Collections.

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Presentation on theme: "Sources for a Postal History of the Gatineau Valley Gatineau Valley Historical Society September 19, 2011 Pascal LeBlond, Manager Philatelic Collections."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sources for a Postal History of the Gatineau Valley Gatineau Valley Historical Society September 19, 2011 Pascal LeBlond, Manager Philatelic Collections Library and Archives Canada

2 Programme  Tools available  Brief postal history of the Gatineau Valley  Examples of Reports from Postal Inspectors 2

3 Postal Maps Detail of a postal map of the county of Ottawa in 1880 County of Ottawa: Postal map of the Province of Quebec, 1880, (Amicus ), Library and Archives Canada

4 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Fire Insurance Plans 4 Gracefield, 1908, Charles E. Goad company fonds, R6990, (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada

5 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Example: Gracefield 5

6 Annual Reports,

7 New contracts, 1858 Mode of conveyance: One horse vehicle 7

8 Transport costs,

9 Tenders for contracts,

10 Lost registered letters,

11 Revenues versus Salary, 1900 Post OfficeRevenueSalary Chelsea$158$126 Old Chelsea$57$36 11

12 Early Official Publications 12

13 Postal Guide,

14 Example: Fieldville letter, Fonds Anatole Walker, R9622, (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada

15 Example: Fieldville letter,

16 Circulars 16 Ca. 1874, Post Office Department fonds, R169, Acc , (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada

17 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Post Offices and Postmasters Database 17

18 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Example: Wakefield 18

19 Cancellation Proof Books Proofs made to verify accuracy More than 300,000 at LAC 19 Post Office Proof Impressions for July 1909, Post Office Department fonds, R169, Acc , (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada

20 Cancellation Proof Books 20

21 General Post Office fonds , m of transcripts and 286 microfilm reels R10901, (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada 21

22 Post Offices before

23 Hull: Philemon Wright and family fonds, R4074, (Mikan 99372), Library and Archives Canada

24 Postal Rates, Table of Post Towns in the British Provinces in North America, 1820, Post Office Department fonds, R169, Acc , (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada

25 Bytown-Chelsea, 1846 Report from the Postal Surveyor No of letters for a fortnight: 16 letters and 52 newspapers Distance: 9 miles from Bytown Transport: in a light wagon Cost: £12 From Chelsea on Monday & Thursday at Noon Arrival at Bytown at 2 P.M. From Bytown at 3 P.M. Arrival at Chelsea at 5 P.M. 25 General Post Office fonds, R10901, (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada

26 Chelsea-Wakefield, 1847 Report from the Postal Surveyor No of letters for a fortnight: 18 letters and 24 newspapers Distance: 14 miles from Chelsea Transport: horseback Cost: £12.10 From Chelsea on Wednesday at 8 A.M. Arrival at Wakefield at 11 A.M. From Wakefield at 2 P.M. Arrival at Chelsea at 5 P.M. Post office opened at Wakefield on February 6, General Post Office fonds, R10901, (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada

27 Letter from Wakefield, Fonds Anatole Walker, R9622, (Mikan ), Library and Archives Canada

28 Instructions to Postmasters, 1853 Every person employed under the Post Office must on entering the Service take and subscribe the Oath of Office. A Bar Room or Public Room in a Tavern is never to be made use of as a Post Office. The words “Post Office” in large and conspicuous letters must be exhibited outside the Post Office building. No person under the age of sixteen should be employed in the Post Office Service, or be suffered in any manner to have access to the Letters or Papers at an Office. 28 Regulations and Instructions for the Government of the Post Office Department in Canada, 1853

29 Transportation YearMail RouteContractorMethod of transport 1852Bytown-ChelseaJosephus HudsonNot specified 1852Chelsea-WakefieldJames McLarenNot specified 1854Bytown-WakefieldSeth CateyNot specified 1854Wakefield-LowCaleb BrooksNot specified 1857Low-AylwinJohn LitleHorseback 1857Aylwin-River DesertAlexander LebeauHorseback 1857Ottawa-WakefieldWilliam PattersonVehicle 1858Wakefield-River DesertCaleb BrooksOne horse vehicle 1860Ottawa-North WakefieldWilliam PattersonTwo horse covered vehicle 1863Cantley-Kirk’s FerryJ. KirkFerry or on foot 29

30 Transportation YearMail RouteContractorMethod of transport 1875Ottawa-North WakefieldWilliam PattersonVehicle (2 months) 1875Ottawa-North WakefieldR. HasteyVehicle 1892Ottawa-North WakefieldR. HasteyNot specified 1892North Wakefield- ManiwakiW. BrooksNot specified 30

31 Transportation Engine of Ottawa and Gatineau Valley Railway - in the 1890s at Gracefield, Québec, about 60 miles north of Ottawa, Ontario. 31 Photograph, Timms and Howard fonds, R11288 (MIKAN ), Library and Archives Canada

32 Transportation YearMail RouteContractorMethod of transport 1892Ottawa-FarreltonOttawa and Gatineau Valley Railway Train 1892Farrelton-ManiwakiW. BrooksNot specified 1895Ottawa-WrightOttawa and Gatineau Valley Railway Train 1895Wright-ManiwakiW. BrooksNot specified 1900Ottawa-GracefieldOttawa and Gatineau Valley Railway Train 1900Gracefield-ManiwakiJ. NaultNot specified 32

33 Numbers of Post Offices YearNo. of post offices

34 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Post OfficeDateFirst Postmaster Kirk’s Ferry1863John Kirk Upper Wakefield (Farrelton) 1872Patrick Farrel Pélissier1874P.N.E. Pélissier Joynt1874Robert Joynt Wilson’s Corners1875Henry Wilson Gracefield1883John Grace Fieldville1897Michael Field Origin of Names 34

35 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Old NameDate of changeNew Name River Desert1875Maniwaki Upper Wakefield1887Farrelton Manitou1885North Low North Wakefield1928Alcove Kazubazua1932Kazabazua Changing Names 35

36 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Reports of the Postal Inspectors 36

37 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Low, 1884  Permission to change location of post office to its old site.  Example of female postmaster: Miss Catherine Field 37 Application for a change of site for the of post office at Low, Quebec, 1884, Post Office Department fonds, R169 (MIKAN ), Library and Archives Canada

38 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Old Chelsea, 1885 Date: December 1, 1884 No. of families: 35 to 40. Proposed Service: New service daily from Chelsea, 1 mile distant. Estimated cost: $60 to $70 Estimated revenue: $25 to $ 35 Proposed Postmaster: Henry Edmonds Recommended by: Alonzo Wright Post Office opened on March 1, Application for the establishment of a post office at Old Chelsea, Quebec, 1884, Post Office Department fonds, R169 (MIKAN ), Library and Archives Canada

39 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level From Manitou to North Low, 1885 Date: March 17, 1885 Change done: August 1, Correspondence on the matter of a change of name from Manitou to North Low, 1885, Post Office Department fonds, R169 (MIKAN ), Library and Archives Canada

40 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Glen Bean, 1885 Date: September 22, 1884 No. of families: 15 to 20. Proposed Service: Daily on the Low- Maniwaki mail route. Estimated cost: Nil Estimated revenue: $3 to $5 Proposed Postmaster: John M. Bean Recommended by: Alonzo Wright Post Office opened on August 1, Application for the establishment of a post office at Glen Bean, Quebec, 1885, Post Office Department fonds, R169 (MIKAN ), Library and Archives Canada

41 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Glen Bean,

42 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Stevensville, 1885 Date: March, 17, 1885 No. of families: 20. Proposed Service: New service weekly from Wakefield, 3 miles. Estimated cost: $25 Estimated revenue: $3 to $5 Proposed Postmaster: Thomas A. Stevenson Recommended by: Alonzo Wright Post Office never opened 42 Petition for the establishment of a post office at Stevensville, Quebec, 1885, Post Office Department fonds, R169 (MIKAN ), Library and Archives Canada

43 Click to edit the outline text format Second Outline Level  Third Outline Level Fourth Outline Level  Fifth Outline Level  Sixth Outline Level  Seventh Outline Level  Eighth Outline Level Ninth Outline LevelClick to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Stevensville,

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