2 Purpose To market your relevant skills, knowledge and accomplishments To obtain a job interviewTo target a career fieldTo address needs of employer
3 What Does A Good Resume Do? Provides information about you, not your work historyFocuses on the futureFocuses on achievements or accomplishmentsDocuments & prioritizes skills you enjoy using
4 A Good Resume Should…Highlight skills & accomplishments that meet employer qualificationsInclude only relevant information & experiencesFocus, Focus, Focus
5 Contents Of A ResumeContact InformationJob ObjectiveKeyword ListHighlights of QualificationsAccomplishment StatementsChronologicallyBy Skill AreasCombinationWork HistoryEducation & TrainingSpecial Characteristics or Qualifications
6 Types Of ResumesChronological - information is organized by job titles & presented in chronological orderFunctional - information is organized by skills or functionsCombinationExecutive Accomplishment - list of impressive career achievementsCurriculum VitaeResume Letters
7 Chronological Resumes - Uses Call attention to a very stable & impressive work historyCall attention to consistent upward mobility and promotions in your chosen careerUse if remaining in same career fieldUse if applying for a position in a very conservative fieldUse if employer would be more comfortable with a traditional resume
8 When Not To Use Chronological Changing career fieldsFrequent changes in employersDe-emphasize ageRecent absences from the job market or gaps in employment
9 Functional Resumes - Uses Making a career change/re-entering job marketJob titles don’t do justice to your accomplishments & responsibilitiesFocusing on skills useful to future job rather than on past job contentBest accomplishments & most impressive work experience are not drawn from the most recent jobs but from farther back in time
10 Functional Resumes - Uses continued Your work history is complicated or has long stretches of unsalaried periodsMost impressive skills came out of volunteer or otherwise unpaid workPast career growth has not been continuous & progressive.Variety of unrelated work experiencesWork has been free-lance, consulting, or temporary in nature
11 When Not To Use Functional Little work experience or leadership experienceWant to emphasize promotions & career growthWorking in highly traditional fields, such as teaching, accounting & politics, where employers should be highlighted.
12 Combination Resumes Combines elements of chronological and functional Presents patterns of accomplishments & skills in categorical sectionsIncludes brief work history and education summary
13 Use Combination Resumes You have had several very different kinds of jobs, each one illustrating only ONE of several skills to be used in your new careerPast jobs are familiar to the public so job-description information is not importantYou want to put equal emphasis on the jobs held in the past, and on the skills to be applied to the new jobYou want to make it very obvious where each of the accomplishments occurred
14 Contact InformationName at top of each pageAddress – street address, city, state & zip codeTelephone numbersFax number( if checked regularly)
15 Job ObjectivePurpose- Inform employer of your career goal and targeted interests.- Describe focus of job searchContents of ObjectiveType of positionLevel of positionType and style of organizationSkills/Qualifications you bring, emphasize what you can contribute
16 Job Objective First information to appear after contact Objective gives resume FOCUS and makes it more powerful and effectiveObjective - necessary or not? You decide!
17 HighlightsSummarizes the most important skills, experience & personality traits you have to offer for a specific job.
18 Highlights continued Questions to ask yourself: Why do you think you’d be a good candidate for this job?What do you have to offer the employer?How much experience do you have and what are your credentials?If you don’t have credentials or experience, then how do you know that you’d be good at this?
19 Highlights continuedWhat does the employer need to know about you, to realize you’re the right one to hire?What can you say about yourself, in about fifty words, that would get the employer excited about you?Make answers into a series of about five powerful statements and place beneath the job objective
20 Accomplishment Statements History of significant achievementsworkhobbiesvolunteer projectsschool activitiesextracurricular activitiestravellife experiences
21 Accomplishment Statements continued For each accomplishment create a list of:chronological activitiestransferable & specialized skillsresultsQuantify“Blow your own horn!”Tailor to specific jobProvide unique commentary on who you are & what you can do
22 Accomplishment Statements Content Incorporate action verbs & use the active voice when describing your experienceUse “keywords” appropriate for optical scannersAvoid using the personal pronoun “I”
23 Examples of Action Verbs abstracted augmentedaccelerated authorizedaccepted avoidedaccompanied awardedaccomplished balancedachieved bargainedacquainted basedacquired boughtacted briefedadapted broadcastadded broadenedaddressed broughtadjudicated budgetedadjusted builtadministered calculatedadvanced calledadvised canceledFor a complete list of Action Verbs see the Word document on our Employment website!
24 Accomplishment Statements Content Incorporate action verbs & use the active voice when describing your experienceUse “keywords” appropriate for optical scannersAvoid using the personal pronoun “I”Use numbers & percentages whenever possible to demonstrate your performance on previous jobs
25 Accomplishment Statements Content continued Include quotes relevant to your performanceEliminate any negative referencesDo not include names of supervisorsBe consistent in how you handle each description or summaryPut most important information firstAccount for major time gaps
26 EducationIf education relates to objective and is within the past three years, it should be the first sectionOtherwise it should follow the work experience or relevant skills section
27 Fastest Way to Improve Any Resume Provide how you performed each job in a unique wayIdentify what you accomplished that nobody expected or asked of youExplain what you are most proud of in each jobDistinguish what set you apart from others who held the same position
28 Improving Any Resume continued Determine what your coworkers and supervisors will remember or miss about youDescribe the significance or beneficial outcome you contributedUse plenty of action verbsBe concise, to the point and clearDon’t use narrative form for sentencesEmphasize your benefits for a potential employerMake the resume visually pleasing and easy to read
29 Steps in Resume Writing Self-assessmentDocumentationResearchDevelopment of goal statementDescription of accomplishmentsSelection of other supporting dataSelection of format and typingProofreadingReproduction
30 Pitfalls to Avoid Too long or too short Poor layout & physical appearanceMisspelling, bad grammarPoor punctuationLengthy phrases, sentences, paragraphsToo slick, “gimmicky”Poorly typed & reproducedIrrelevant informationDoesn’t convey accomplishmentsText doesn’t support objectiveUse of abbreviations
31 Functional Skill Headings Choose skill headings which match skills needed for job objectiveUnder each skill heading choose four or five accomplishments which demonstrate your expertise in that skill area
35 Scannable ResumesMachine reads resume and creates a database of applicant’s relevant skills, degrees and achievements in form of key wordsEmployer then searches by key words
36 Effective Scannable Resume Keep it simpleStandard serif and sans serif fonts work bestUse sizes between 10 and 14Use boldface for emphasis or ALL CAPITAL LETTERS, avoid italics and underliningAvoid use of vertical or horizontal linesAvoid graphics, shading or shadowing
37 Effective Scannable Resume continued Do not compress or expand the space between letters or linesDo not double space within sectionsSubmit an original printed on a laser printerDescribe your skills and accomplishments in key word phrasesUse the language of your profession
39 DefinitionLetter or note that must always accompany a resume whenever the resume is not delivered by you, in person, directly to the employer.
40 TIPSCover letter should not be generic, customize the letter and resume to the jobBefore writing your cover letter ask yourself:Why do you want to work for that particular company?What do you know about the company, and how did you hear of them?What do you know about the position you’re applying for?How could you help that particular company reach its goals?
41 GuidelinesResearch the employer’s organization and personalize each letterHighlight one or two of your most significant accomplishments or abilities to show you are an above average candidateBe brief, demonstrating you understand the value of the reader’s timeUse polite formal style that also demonstrates confidence in yourself and respect for the employerMake your tone, content and expectations positiveUse active voice and powerful action verbs
42 Guidelines continuedGroup similar items together in a paragraph and organize paragraphs so that they relate to each other logicallyBack up general statements with specific facts or examplesAvoid jargon and clichesCheck spelling and grammar carefullyNever misrepresent yourself by overstating your experience or skills
43 How To Write a Good Cover Letter Address your letter to someone who has the authority to hire youUsing your research about the company/organization write with their point of view in mindSet yourself apartBe specificTake the initiative about the next stepBe brief
44 Employment PortfolioA complete and permanent collection of your work history & a cumulative record of accomplishmentsLiving DocumentDocuments the scope & quality of your experience & trainingDemonstrates your skills &abilities
45 Organizing Your Portfolio Determine the skills & experiences you have that relate to needs of the employerEstablish what you have done to exhibit those skillsMake sure presentation is professionalPlace similar information togetherLabel different sections
46 Portfolio Contentslist of names, titles, addresses, & telephone numbers of persons to be used for referencescertificates of special trainingsamples of work; programs of event you planned, photos of projects you completed, etc.samples of your writingnewspaper clippingscopy of resumefact sheetupdated application formsletters of recommendationlist of experiences that do not fit into resumeletters of commendation, awards, & honorspersonnel actions - SF 50s, performance evaluations (JF-50)college transcripts
47 TIPS Obtain letters of recommendation before leaving a position. Obtain letters to verify volunteer work & community involvementHAND CARRY YOUR PORTFOLIO WHEN TRANSFERRING OR LEAVING POST BECAUSE OF EVACUATION!!!
48 Your Dream Job Is Only 3 Steps Away NetworkingResume WritingInterviewing