Presentation on theme: "Euthanasia Relevance to the 21 st Century RG."— Presentation transcript:
Euthanasia Relevance to the 21 st Century RG
Euthanasia – when a person takes action to end the life of a patient Active – directly taking life (example: giving a lethal dose of drugs) Physician- Assisted Sucide – when a physician gives a patient the means to end his/her life Passive – indirectly taking life (example: turning off a respirator)
ETHICS A terminally ill patient should not have to die in a state of great pain and suffering, with no hope of ever becoming healthy. A terminally ill patient should not have to die in a state of great pain and suffering, with no hope of ever becoming healthy. Euthanasia would allow a patient to end a life that they consider meaningless and full of misery. Advocating Euthanasia
A person should have control over his/her own body. ETHICS Advocating Euthanasia This should include the right to decide whether to terminate one’s own life. Legalizing suicide and not euthanasia is contradictory.
Ending a person’s life is murder. ETHICS Against Euthanasia Even if it is because the patient wishes it, the act is homicide and should be considered a criminal offense. There is great value on human life.
Physicians take the Hippocratic Oath; they are healers and should not be permitted to end lives. ETHICS Against Euthanasia Permitting physicians to take lives would disable doctor-patient trust. odie.html?page=15
Abuse of Power? Should euthanasia be performed on those who are not competent to decide for themselves? Should euthanasia be performed on those who are not competent to decide for themselves? o Mentally ill o Children and infants Who should make these life and death decisions? Who should make these life and death decisions?
Legalization Illegal in Canada and in the United States, except the state of Oregon Legalized in the Netherlands Legalized in the Netherlands Considered as homicide Considered as homicide
Potential Consequences of Legalization Abuse by government and by healthcare professionals “Slippery Slope” Specific guidelines must be put in place Encouragement of suicide Society placing decreased value on life
nurseG0204_228x289.jpg Importance to 21 st Century The termination of life is a major issue because medical technology is advancing Governments may decide to implement euthanasia to lessen costs of palliative care Personal autonomy – the definition of rights, and the debate concerning whether people have a right to choose death are relevant independent of the time period
Do people have a right to die?
References The de Veber Institute for Bioethics and Social Research (1998) Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide. Retrieved December 2, 2007 on the World Wide Web: Dixon, N. (1998, September). On the Difference between Physician- Assisted Suicide and Active Euthanasia. Hasting Center Report, 28 (5), 25. Retrieved December 2, 2007, from Health Source - Consumer Edition database. Gittelman, David K. (1999, April). Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide. Southern Medical Journal, 92(4), Retrieved December 2, 2007, from Health Source -Consumer Edition database. Harris, Nancy (Ed.). (2005). The Ethics of Euthanasia. San Diego, California: Greenhaven Press. Lavery, James V., Dickens, Bernard M., Boyle, Joseph M., Singer, Peter A. (1997) Bioethics for Clinicians: 11. Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide. Retrieved December 2, 2007 on the World Wide Web: McTeer, Maureen. (1999). Tough Choices: Living and Dying in the 21st Century. Toronto, Ontario: Irwin Law.