# Chess 101 This tactic is critical in winning, or not losing, in this situation because many endgames come down to kings and pawns being the only pieces.

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Chess 101 This tactic is critical in winning, or not losing, in this situation because many endgames come down to kings and pawns being the only pieces remaining. If one army has a passed pawn (nothing to block or capture it prior to promotion) the opponent’s king MUST be ‘within the square’ to prevent it from being promoted. The square of the pawn on a5 is three squares by three squares If it is white’s move, he wins. 1. a6 Kd6, 2. a7 Kc7, 3. a8=Q. If it is black‘s move, he takes the pawn. 1. …Kd6, 2. a6 Kc7, 3. a7 KxP Tactics W ITHIN THE S QUARE Module 5

Chess 101 The square of the pawn on a6 is 5 X 5. If white to move, he gets his king in the square by moving Kf6 and then marching on the diagonal to b2 to capture the pawn If it is white’s move, he gets within the square. 1. Kc6 and then marching on the diagonal to e3 to capture the black pawn. If it is black‘s move, he will promote the pawn by marching to f1 before the white king can catch it. Tactics W ITHIN THE S QUARE Module 5

Chess 101Drill 5-1 W ITHIN THE S QUARE 1. How can black save the game? 2. What is black’s winning move? 3. How does white win this one?

Chess 1015-1 Answers 1. either: …Ke4 or Ke52. …d4+ and advance the pawn that white doesn’t capture. 3. 1. Rb4! Using more than one tactic in sequential moves is very powerful. W ITHIN THE S QUARE

Chess 101Create Your Own W ITHIN THE S QUARE Here is where YOU become a teacher! Create, save, and turn in at least five questions and answers concerning within the square. Make up a story, or two, about within the square. Be creative, have fun… …show your teacher and the world what you know about within the square!

TEST #7CHESS 101 1. What is white’s within the square move? 2. How can black win? 3. What is white’s within the square move? 4. What is black’s within the square move? 5. What is white’s within the square move? 6. What is black’s within the square move? 7. What is white’s within the square move? 8. What is black’s within the square move? TACTICS: Within the Square

#7 answersCHESS 101TACTICS: Within the Square 1.Kd4 or Kd5 2.Ka4 of Kc4 3.Ke1 or Ke2 4.Kf4 5.Ke4 6.Kd5 7.Kd3 or Kd2 8.Ke6

Chess 101 Tactics D ISCOVER M OVES A discover move is when a friendly piece is moved which then allows another friendly piece to attack the enemy. If the moved piece also attacks the enemy it is a form of double attack. White has a discover check if he moves the knight anywhere. It’s also a discover double check if the knight moves to d7 or h7. White can win material with a discover check if he moves the bishop to e3 or g7. Module 6

Chess 101 White is down in points, black can checkmate (Qg2++) but it’s whites move. White turns the game around by: Bb5+ or Bf3+ and capturing the black queen. Black is in trouble but it is his move. He wins the game as follows: 1. …Qg2+!! 2. KxQ Nf4+ (twice!) 3. Kg1 Nxe2++ It ain’t over ‘till its over. -Yogi Berra Tactics D ISCOVER M OVES Module 6

Chess 101 White is materially winning by three points but black has a game changing discover move. 1. …Bb2+ 2. K x BR x Q White has a nice discover check that wins the black queen 1. Ne7+either the Black king moves or Q x N 2. B x Q Tactics D ISCOVER M OVES Module 6

Chess 101Drill 6-1 D ISCOVER M OVES 1. What discover move by white leads to the capture of black’s queen? 2. How does white ‘discover’ a victory? 3. Black to move…but not lose the knight! Why?

Chess 1016-1 Answers D ISCOVER M OVES 1. Nc6+2. Rxb6+ Rd5 3. BxR++ 3. If after blocking the check (with either the f or g pawn) white must defend against: …B moves anywhere and checkmate!

Chess 101Create Your Own D ISCOVER M OVES Here is where YOU become a teacher! Create, save, and turn in at least five questions and answers concerning discover moves. Make up a story, or two, about discover moves. Be creative, have fun… …show your teacher and the world what you know about discover moves!

TEST #8CHESS 101 1. What move is white’s game winning discovery? 2. What move is black’s queen capturing discovery? 3. What move is white’s discovery? 4. What move is black’s discovery? 5. What move is white’s discovery? 6. What move is black’s discovery? 7. What move is white’s discovery? 8. What move is black’s discovery? TACTICS: Discover

#8 answersCHESS 101TACTICS: Discover 1.e7+ 2.Nf3+ (Discovery check by bishop and attack on queen by knight) 3.d6+ 4.Bc2+ 5.Nd7+ 6.d3+ 7.Ba6+ or Bf5+ 8.Ne3+ (double check with knight and queen)

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