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Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes1 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes needed to practice as Engineers Professionally Speaker: Dr Sam Man Keong ( 岑文强 ) Singapore.

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Presentation on theme: "Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes1 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes needed to practice as Engineers Professionally Speaker: Dr Sam Man Keong ( 岑文强 ) Singapore."— Presentation transcript:

1 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes1 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes needed to practice as Engineers Professionally Speaker: Dr Sam Man Keong ( 岑文强 ) Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists (SIET) Website: Email:

2 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes2 Highlights About the Speaker – Dr Sam Man Keong What is Knowledge ( 知识 ) ? What is Skills ( 技能 ) ? What is Attitude ( 态度 ) ? What is Competence ( 能力 ) ? Professional Registration: Why? UK-SPEC: CEng standard What is a Professional Review? Questions & Answers

3 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes3 About the Invited Guest Speaker : Dr Sam Man Keong, Hon Secretary (SIET) BE(Civil)(Hons), MSc(Civil), MSc(GeotEng), EdD. CEng, FIET, MICE, MIMMM, MCIHT, MCIOB, FSPE, PEng(UK), FBEng, CEnv, FCQI, CQP, CMath, MIMA, CSci, FSIET(F), Asean Engineer. HP: (65) 96740515 Email:

4 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes4 Knowledge + Skills + Attitudes  Professional Competence ( 专业能力 ) Performance = Potential – Interference/Interruption

5 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes5 What is Knowledge ( 知识 ) ? According to Webster's Dictionary, knowledge is "the fact or condition of knowing something with familiarity gained through experience or association". Criteria : it must be justified, true, and believed.justifiedtruebelieved Personification of knowledge (Greek Επιστημη, Episteme) inCelsus Library in Ephesus, Turkey.GreekEpistemeCelsus LibraryEphesus

6 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes6 Sir Francis BaconSir Francis Bacon, "Knowledge is Power" (1597)Knowledge is Power

7 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes7 What is Skills ( 技能 ) ? A skill is the learned ability to carry out pre-determined results often with the minimum outlay of time, energy, or both.learnedtimeenergy domain-general skills: time management, teamwork and leadership.domaintime managementteamworkleadership domain-specific skills (Hard Skills): useful only for a certain job.job

8 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes8 Basic Skills : Labor Skills Labor skills : masons, carpenters, blacksmiths, bakers, bre wers, etc. masonscarpentersblacksmithsbakersbre wers

9 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes9 Canadian blacksmith in the 1970s Hot metal work from a blacksmith

10 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes10 Basic Skills : Life Skills Problem solving behaviors used appropriately and responsibly in the management of personal affairs. E.g. career planning,…… daily living, home life, housing and money management,……. pregnancy and parenting.

11 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes11 Basic Skills : People & Social People skills ( 人际交往能力 ): “the ability to communicate effectively with people in a friendly way, especially in business”. Social skills ( 社交技巧 ) : any skill facilitating interaction and communication with others. interactioncommunication

12 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes12 Basic Skills : Soft Skills A sociological term relating to a person's "EQ" (Emotional Intelligence Quotient), the cluster of personality traits, social graces, communication, language, personal habits, friendliness, and optimism that characterize relationships with other people."EQ" (Emotional Intelligence Quotient)language Soft skills complement hard skills (part of a person's IQ), which are the occupational requirements of a job and many other activities.

13 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes13 Basic Skills : Soft Skills Soft skills are personal attributes that enhance an individual's interactions, job performance and career prospects. Unlike hard skills, which are about a person's skill set and ability to perform a certain type of task or activity, soft skills relate to a person's ability to interact effectively with coworkers and customers and are broadly applicable both in and outside the workplace.

14 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes14 What is Attitude ( 态度 ) ? An attitude is the psychological response to people, society, objects, events, occurrences and circumstances; to life itself. People react differently when confronted with different situations.

15 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes15 attitude types Optimism Pessimism Confident Interested Independent Jealous Courteous Cooperative Considerate Inferior Happy Frank Respectful Authoritative Sincere Persistent Honest Sympathetic Realistic Faithful Flexible Decisive Trusting Thoughtful Determined Loving Hostile Modest Reliable Tolerant Humble Cautious Sarcastic Helping Hard Working

16 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes16 what we think, what we do, and what we feel is what forms our attitude. While sometimes knowledge and experience form our attitude, on other occasions it is based on our assumptions and beliefs.

17 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes17 Performance = Ability x Attitude Ability = Knowledge + Skills Attitude = Professional Conduct ( 专业操守 )

18 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes18 What is Competence ? Professional competence ( 专业能力 ) integrates knowledge, understanding, skills and values. It goes beyond the ability to perform specific tasks. Chartered Engineers must be competent throughout their working life, by virtue of their education, training and experience.

19 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes19 Pathway to become a CEng, MICE Step 1 – Knowledge Base : An accredited MEng (in UK) or its equivalent. Step 2 – Initial Professional Development (IPD) Step 3 – Professional Review (CPR) CEng, MICE

20 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes20 Professional Registration: Why? General: –1. Maintain their competence. –2. Work within professional codes. –3. Participate actively within the profession. Specific –Health, Safety & Environment –Singapore : Professional Engineers Act. [Website : ]

21 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes21 Pathways to become Professional Engineer in Singapore Approved Qualifications, e.g. BEng from NUS/NTU PEB – FE Exam Experience PEB – PE Exam. Summary of Postgraduate Professional Experience. Report on Postgraduate Engineering Experience. Professional Interview (PI) Professional Engineer (PE)

22 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes22 UK-SPEC: CEng Chartered Engineers are characterized by their ability to develop appropriate solutions to engineering problems, using new or existing technologies through innovation, creativity and change. UK-SPEC : UK Standard for Professional Engineering Competence –SARTOR : 1984 –Amended and updated : 1990; 1997 –Website: ment%20library/UK-SPEC.pdf ment%20library/UK-SPEC.pdf

23 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes23 UK-SPEC : CEng Standard Five Main Elements: –A – Engineering Knowledge & Understanding (A1; A2) –B – Engineering Applications (B1; B2; B3) –C – Management & Leadership (C1; C2; C3; C4) –D – Interpersonal Skills (D1; D2; D3) –E – Obligations to the Society, the Profession & the Environment (E1; E2; E3; E4)

24 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes24 A – Engineering Knowledge & Understanding A1 - Maintain and extend a sound theoretical approach in enabling the introduction and exploitation of new and advancing technology and other relevant developments. A2 - Engage in the creative and innovative development of engineering technology and continuous improvement systems.

25 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes25 B – Engineering Applications B1 - Identify potential projects and opportunities. B2 - Conduct appropriate research, and undertake design and development of engineering solutions. B3 - Implement design solutions, and evaluate their effectiveness.

26 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes26 C – Management & Leadership ( 领导技能 ) C1 – Project Implementation. C2 – Management Functions: Plan, budget, organise, direct and control tasks, people and resources. C3 – HRM : Lead teams and develop staff to meet changing technical and managerial needs. C4 – Quality Management

27 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes27 D – Interpersonal Skills ( 人际技巧 ) D1 – Written Communication (Reports; Minutes; Letters) D2 – Oral Communication (Presentation) D3 – Personal and Social Skills

28 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes28 E – Obligations to the Society, the Profession & the Environment E1 – Codes of Conduct/Professional Conduct ( 专业操守 ) E2 – Safety E3 – Sustainable Development E4 - CPD

29 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes29 What is a Professional Review?. [Website : ] The Professional Review is made up of the following steps [ICE, UK]: –Production and submission of reports –An interview, where you will be required to demonstrate how you have satisfied the specific attributes relevant to the grade you are applying for –A written exercise (with the exception of the Technician Professional Review)

30 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes30 ICE's headquarters at One Great George Street, UKOne Great George Street

31 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes31 Rules - ICE

32 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes32 Books for further reading 1984 1989

33 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes33 Books for further reading - 2011 [by H. Macdonald Steels, ICE Publishing]

34 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes34 Books for basic reading

35 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes35 Logbook - PI Essays [Source : IEM – Bulletin – August]

36 Knowledge, Skills & Attitudes36

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