Normalized concentrations of all species Discretized continuous concentration curves at 20 states Considered steady-state behavior Simplifying Assumptions
The key factor in determining the performance of a Bayesian network is the data used to train the network. Training data Probability tables Bayesian network
Network training I: Data source Current experimental data sets were not sufficient to provide enough information Relied on ODE model to generate training set (Huang et al.) Captured the essential steady-state behavior of the MAPK signaling pathway
Inference from incomplete data K-PP KK-PP KKK*KKK E1E2 KKKK-P KK-PKK’ase K’ase
Future work Time incorporation to represent signaling dynamics Continuous or more finely discretized sampling and modeling of node values Priors Bayesian posterior Structure learning
Open areas of research Should steady state behavior be modeled with a directed acyclic graph? Cyclic networks Hard, but doable Theoretically impossible Need an alternate way to represent feedback loops
Why use a Bayesian network? ODE’s require detailed kinetic and mechanistic information on the pathway. Bayesian networks can model pathways well when large amounts of data are available regardless of how well the pathway is understood.
Acknowledgments Kevin Murphy Doug Lauffenburger Paul Matsudaira Ali Khademhosseini BE400 students
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