Presentation on theme: "Nyborg, Denmark 31 th of August 2012 Giver den GAS Gas is “expression” for speed in Danish MSSM 2012 MARITIM SIKKERHED – SUNDHED OG MILJØ MSSM 2012 MARITIM."— Presentation transcript:
Nyborg, Denmark 31 th of August 2012 Giver den GAS Gas is “expression” for speed in Danish MSSM 2012 MARITIM SIKKERHED – SUNDHED OG MILJØ MSSM 2012 MARITIM SIKKERHED – SUNDHED OG MILJØ
Who is Fjord Line? Norwegian owned company - management of the ships from Denmark. All ships flying Danish Flag & Registered in DIS.
- Present lines and ships MS Bergensfjord Year around route Passangers (840) Cars/Cargo (350/0, 150/45) Build 1993 Rute West – Bergen/Stavanger-Hirtshals 3 weekly roundtrips Bergen/Hirtshals 4 weekly roundtrips Stavanger/Hirtshals Rute South – Kristiansand – Hirtshals Up to 3 daily round trips May - September only HSC Fjordcat Summer route only Passangers (676) Cars/busses (220/4) Build 1998
March 2010 Fjord Line ordered 2 identical Ro-Pax Vessels Which will be serving two routes between Norway & Denmark Delivery spring & autumn 2013 from Bergen Group Fosen Vessel was prepared for LNG with DF engine etc. June 2012 decided to go for pure LNG solution as fuel.
MARPOL Annex VI Fuel Sulfur Limits DateSulfur Limit in Fuel (% m/m) SOx ECAGlobal 20001.5%4.5% 2010.071.0% 20123.5% 20150.1% 2020 a 0.5% a - alternative date is 2025, to be decided by a review in 2018 EU in ports 2010 - EU in ports 0,1% (Not Marpol)
Table 1. MARPOL Annex VI NOx Emission Limits TierDateNOx Limit, g/kWh n < 130 130 ≤ n < 2 000 n ≥ 2000 Tier I200017.045 · n -0.2 9.8 Tier II201114.444 · n -0.23 7.7 Tier III2016†3.49 · n -0.2 1.96 † In NOx Emission Control Areas (Tier II standards apply outside ECAs).
YearTonnes of NOx 20113 000 20122 000 2013 and 20144 000 2015 and 20164 000 20173 000 The Environmental Agreement (NOx Fund in Norway when trading domestic). The Environmental Agreement on NOx 2011-2017 was signed on the 14th of December 2010 by 15 business organisations and the Ministry of the Environment. The agreement is an extension of the the Environmental Agreement on NOx for the period 2008-2010. The Environmental Agreement - and the Participant Agreement - constitutes the framework for the efforts of the Business Sector’s NOx Fund. Through this Agreement, the Business Organisations shall facilitate concrete reductions of the nitrogen oxide gases harmful to the environment. Undertakings which sign the Agreement will be exempt from paying NOx tax in return for their commitment to the obligations laid down by the Business Sector’s NOx Fund whose primary task is to provide funding for NOx reducing measures. The Agreements are important contributions to meet Norway’s commitments in the Gothenburg Protocol for 2010 and the future NOx commitments Norway will receive in 2020. In addition, the work ensures improved calculations on NOx emissions. The Environmental Agreement 2011-2017 In total, the Business organisations shall facilitate emission reductions stipulated in the Agreement 2011-2017 to 16,000 tonnes of NOx, as well as maintain the effect of the obtained emission reductions for the entire period. The Agreement has for this period both yearly and two-year goals to fulfil. Norwegian domestic regulations
Port of and Bergen city 2011 Foto: Atle Daae Andersen
New build # 1 Delivery: April 2013 In traffic: May 2013 New build # 2 Delivery: September 2013 In traffic: September 2013 Yard: Bergen Group Fosen Yard Length: 170 meter Width: 27,5 meter Engines: 4 Engines output: 21.600 kW app. 30,000 HP Powered by LNG LNG capacity 2 x 300 m3 Cruise speed: 21.5 knots Max speed 24.0 knots Max pax: 1 500 Crew cabins 67 (100 beds) Passengers cabins 306 (1188 beds) Cargo capacity: 3900 tons Cargo Lane meters: Up to 1650 meter (4,5 meter free height) Cars/trailers capacity: 600/115 Conference capacity: approx. 350 persons (488 m2) Shopping area: 600 m2 The Solution onboard
The LNG Solution onboard 2 x LNG 6’’ bunkers line to C/B & LNGTanks One cold flare mast with pipes from all gas compartments
The LNG Solution onboard - 4 x Rolls-Royce B35:40V12PG engines each rated at 5400 kW - 2 x 300 m3 LNG tank inkl. Cold Boxes with max. Pressure of 8 barg (30 days) - 4 x Gas valve units in gas tight compartments - Rolls-Royce ACON Gas monitoring safety system inerface with SAM Plantinium IACMS
Gas fuelled propulsion system - vaporisation and heating Tank room with PBU vaporiser, fuel vaporiser and fuel heater – normal operation Fuel heater Fuel Vaporiser Fuel heater Fuel Vaporiser PBU Vaporiser GRU
Core Technology Status Gas Engines, compliant with the current IMO II legislation and IMO III from 2016 Rolls-Royce Engine nett GHG (CO2-CH4 slip) reduction is 22% IMO Tier I (2000) IMO Tier II (2011) B35:40 gas IMO Tier III 2016 NOx curves
14 Gas Consumption: Pure Gas vs. Dual Fuel SFC DF engine SFC SI lean burn gas engine 100 % load - 7,7 % diff. 50 % load - 16,1 % diff.
Gas fuel bunkering process Top filling (spray) line & Bottom filling line LNG fuel tank Bunker station Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) is bunkered by pressure from : land based stations or tanker trucks or coastal tankers or future bunker barges
Safety onboard Gas from Gas Regulating Unit (GRU) 1.Double walled Gas Supply pipes from LNG tank to combustion chamber 2. Gas detection in outer pipe system (ventilated 30 times per hour) 3. “Block and bleed” valves stops all gas supply to the engine, if unexpected stop occurs 4. Gas detection system above the engine according to class requirement. Prechamber gas Main gas supply Gas dangerous area
Clean engine - crankcase after…. 25000 running hrs on LNG More or less no oil vapours No oil spill/sludge Reduced fire risk Better engine room environment
Marine Gas engines represents well proven technology. LNG is available – increased demand will ensure even better distribution network. Dual fuel engines are the choice when enough LNG cannot be carried to complete the voyage. Where the application allows single fuel marine gas engines: More efficient Less expensive in terms of operating and life cycle cost. Lower emissions, Less complex engine supporting systems. Green profile for the ship owner – marketing tool. Lower lube comsumption Lesser or no sludge No oil spil during bunker operation Better working environment for engine crew
Fjord Line have received financiel support From EU / Ten-T programme Norwegian Nox Fund