Presentation on theme: "By Dr. Ahmed Alarifi Saline Water Conversion Corporation Monday, 17 June 2013 DESALINATION IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA: KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA: CURRENT."— Presentation transcript:
By Dr. Ahmed Alarifi Saline Water Conversion Corporation Monday, 17 June 2013 DESALINATION IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA: KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA: CURRENT PRACTICE AND FUTURE TRENDS
Main Challenges Facing Water and Desalination Sector in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Rapid increase in population, increase in water demand, industrialization and high per-capita consumption Decommissioning of existing desalination plants in the near future. Limited natural water sources; Widening the gap between water demand and supply 1 23 4 Large investments for new desalination projects
To Overcome the Shortage of Water Desalinated water is an important contributor to alleviate water shortage. Today’s world contracted capacity of desalinated plants is 80.2 million m 3 /day and commissioned capacity 74.6 million m 3 /day. 632 new plants were added last year (mid 2011 to August 2012) in the world Scarcity of fresh water resources is a major challenge facing Saudi Arabia so Desalination is a strategic industry for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Top 5 plants by capacity, with current status Ras Alkhair, Saudi Arabia Shoaiba 3, Saudi Arabia Al-Jubail, Saudi Arabia Jubal Ali Station, UAE AlFujairah2, UAE 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 m3/day
Existing Plants Type of Technology Installed Capacity MW Installed Capacity (m3/day) Year of Commission Plant Name Location # Single Purpose (MED) -9,0002009Alwajih (3)Alwajih 1 Single Purpose (MSF) 1122,8861986Khafji (2)Khafji 2 Single Purpose (RO) -4,4001986 Umlujj (2) Umlujj 3 Single Purpose (MED) -9,0002009 Umlujj (3) 4 Single Purpose (MED) -9,0002009Farasan (2)Farasan 5 Single Purpose (MED) -18,0002009Rabigh (2)Rabigh 6 Single Purpose (RO) -4,4001989Duba (3)Duba 7 Single Purpose (MSF) -2,2701983ALBirk 8 Single Purpose (MED) -4,5001987ALAzizih 9 Single Purpose (RO) -4,4001990Haql 10 Single Purpose (MED) -9,0002008ALQunfutha 11 Single Purpose (MED) -9,0002009ALlith 12 Dual Purpose (MSF) 710223,0001983Khobar (2) Khobar 13 Dual Purpose (MSF) 479280,0002000Khobar (3) 14
Shuaibah Phase-3 IWPP and Shuaibah Expansion IWP ACWA Power, Saudi Arabia Malakoff Berhard, Malaysia Tenaga Nasional Berhard, Malaysia Khazanah Nasional, Malaysia IWPP Projects in Saudi Arabia Shoaiba Shuqaiq Marafiq 900 MW 194 MIGD 880,000 m3/day 850 MW 47 MIGD 212,000 m3/day 2500 MW 176 MIGD 800,000 m3/day ( SWCC 500,000 m3/day ) Shoaiba Expansion 150,000 m3/day Shuqaiq Phase-2 IWPP ACWA Power, Saudi Arabia Gulf Investment Corporation (GIC), Kuwait Mitsubishi Corporation, Japan
Locations of Main Water & Power Generation Plants And Transmission Pipelines
KSA Total Water Demand Versus Planned Supply Sources (in ‘000 m3/day, 2005–2025)
Water Demand in KSA – Main Figures 20102025 Population (Million) 27.2 34 ( * ) Water demand (Million m3/day) 6.8 8.5 ( * ) Desalination share in water 53% (3.3 Million m3/day) 63% (5.2 Million m3/day) ( * ): assuming an average annual growth rate of 1.5%
SWCC plants under construction and tendering Plant Water (m3/day) Power (Megawatts) Commissioning Date Ras Al-Khair1,025,0002,4002013 / 2014 Yanbu 3550,0002,5002016 Plants Capacity (m3/day) Power Capacity (Megawatts) Expected Date Haql 39,000-2014 Dhuba 49,000-2014 Rabigh 3 A600,000-2014 Rabigh 3 B400,000-2014
The New and Proposed Desalination Plants for the Period 2014-2025 Station Capacity M3/day Jazan Region Asir Region AlQseem Region Tabuk Region Eastern Region Medina Area Makkah Region Riyadh Region Desalination Plant Year 240,000000000 0Jeddah RO 2013 1,025,00000200,0000100,00000700,000Ras Alkhair 2015 30,0000000 000Al Khafji 3 9,000000 0000Duba 4 9,000000 0000Alwajh 4 9,000000 0000Haqal 3 1,000,000000000 0Rabigh 2017 1,500,00000200,0000750,00000550,000Jubail 3 2019 400,000000000 Jeddah RO 4 2025 925,00000150,0000775,000000Al Khubar 4 45,0000000 000 Al Khafji 4 17,000000 0000Omluj 4 7,500000 0000Haqal 4 225,00050,000175,000000000 Shuqaiq 3 First stage
Total Capital Investments until 2020 Total = US$ 17.5 Billion (SR 65 Billion) CAPEX 17,453
Alternative energy for Desalination SWCC plants use either gas or liquid oil ( crude oil or heavy fuel oil) as source of energy and energy cost contribute almost 50% towards cost of water. It is Energy intensive SWCC consumes around 0.3 million of the daily kingdoms oil production Transportation of fuel for plants at remote places especially satellite plants incurs huge expenses apart from other difficulties such as non delivery of fuel in time and maintenance of accessories and equipment for transport of fuel. As an example transporting fuel of diesel to Farasan plant is around 300 SAR for each cubic meter of diesel.
Possible Scenarios 1- Additional fossil-based capacity 2- No additional fossil-based capacity (Additional capacity from renewable energy) 3- No additional fossil-based capacity (Additional capacity from nuclear energy) 4- a combination of the above So Nuclear energy for water Desalination is an Option for kingdom of Saudi Arabia