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Character String Manipulation. Overview Character string functions sscanf() function snprintf() function.

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Presentation on theme: "Character String Manipulation. Overview Character string functions sscanf() function snprintf() function."— Presentation transcript:

1 Character String Manipulation

2 Overview Character string functions sscanf() function snprintf() function

3 Some Character String Functions double atof(const char *string); - Converts string into a floating point value int atoi(const char *string); - Converts string into an int value char *strncat(char *s1, const char *s2, size_t count); - Appends up to count characters of s2 onto the end of s1 char *strchr(const char *s, int c); - Searches for first occurrence of c in s. Returns a pointer to c or NULL int strncmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t count); - Compares up to count characters of s1 to s2. Returns 0 if they are identical char *strncpy(char *s1, const char *s2, size_t count); - Copies up to count characters of s2 onto s1 size_t strlen(const char *s); - Returns the number of characters in s not counting ‘\0’ char *strtok(char *s1, const char *s2); - Extracts tokens from string s1 based on token separators in s2

4 sscanf() Function #include int sscanf(const char *buffer, const char *format, …); The sscanf() function is identical to scanf() except that data is read from the array pointed to by buffer rather than stdin The return value is equal to the number of variables that were actually assigned values –A value of zero means that no fields were assigned any values As a side note, there is also an snscanf() function, but it is not standardized in C

5 snprintf() Function #include int snprintf(char *buffer, int size, const char *format, …); The snprintf() function is identical to printf() except that the output is put into the array pointed to by buffer instead of being written to stdout The array pointed to by buffer should already be allocated The return value is equal to the number of characters actually placed into the array The size parameter provides a bounds check on the array pointed to by buffer. It is the maximum number of characters that will be written to the buffer

6 Example use of strncpy(), sscanf() and snprintf() #include #define MAX_LENGTH 100 int main(void) { char stringA[MAX_LENGTH]; char stringB[MAX_LENGTH]; int count; float costPerItem; int binNbr; char name[MAX_LENGTH]; float totalCost; (More on next slide)

7 Example use strcpy(), sscanf() and sprintf() strncpy(stringA, " bottle“, MAX_LENGTH); sscanf(stringA, "%d %f %d%s", &count, &costPerItem, &binNbr, name); fprintf(stderr, "Input data: %d %.2f %d %s\n\n", count, costPerItem, binNbr, name); totalCost = count * costPerItem; snprintf(stringB, MAX_LENGTH, "%d %s items * $ %.2f per %s = $ %.2f", count, name, costPerItem, name, totalCost); printf("Computation for Bin # %d:\n”, binNbr); printf(“ %s\n", stringB); return 0; } // End main

8 Sample output Input data: bottle Computation for Bin # 35: 103 bottle items * $ per bottle = $


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