4Historical noteIt was developed as a tool useful to map-makers, whether casual or professional, who may not need advanced functions of modern GIS, but do want a multitude of symbology and design options.First version was presented in 2008.
5GIS (Geographical Information Systems) tool-kit IndiemapperVisualise data2D maps+3D maps-AnimationsManipulate spatiallyCalculate distances and adjacenciesChange projections and scalesIntegrate disparate sourcesAnalyse spatiallyQuantitative analysisQualitative analysis
7…To download*.kml, *.shp та *.gpx files *.shp makes life easier…
8Each of the component files of a shapefile is limited to 2 GB each! What is *.shp file?Nontopological format for storing the geometric location and attribute information of geographic features:.shp – form.shx – index.dbf – attributeEach of the component files of a shapefile is limited to 2 GB each!
9Free libraries of *.shp files: - maps for any country in the world - world political map- lots of different patterns- Africa map library
12Why projections? Projections = coordinate system. Projection converts coordinates on the round Earth to coordinates on the flat map.Each projection has distortions.Choice of the “appropriate” projection is determined by objectives.
14CartogramsRe-sizes the global land masses according to which variable is mapped.Isolates one variable and provides a different world view.
15Deaths due to HIV infections that progressed to AIDS – 2002 Territories are sized in proportion to the absolute number of people who died from HIV/AIDS in one year.Map credits/source: WorldMapper, Map No. 374;
16Proportional SymbolsSize of symbol is proportional to size of data value.The larger the symbol, the “more” of something exists at a certain location.
17Map credits/source: created by K. Tummino (4/21/08), http://personal
18Choropleth When to use: Choros (place) plethos (filled)When to use:Data are attached to enumeration units (countries, provinces)Data are standardized to show rates or ratiosNever use with raw data/counts!
19Map credits/source: WHO (2011), http://gamapserver. who
20Dot Density You can map raw data/counts! Describes density over area 1 dot = some quantity of data valueone-to-one dot density mapsone-to-many dot density mapsYou can map raw data/counts!
21Map credits/source: Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHSTP), Centers for Disease Control.
22Combining data setsPopulation of African countries and % of their population living with AIDSMap credits/source:
23Playing with intervals Methods to create intervals in Indiemapper:manuallyequal intervals (ignores data distribution; unequal number of observations in each interval)“optimal” breaks (takes into account data distribution)quartiles (top 25%, 25% above middle, 25% below middle, bottom 25%; equal number of observations are in each interval)standard deviations (mean+1s, mean-1s)
25Additional instruments for efficient use of indiemapper OpenOffice – editing of *.dbf files1Steps:Open *.dbf file in OpenOffice.Add a new column with an indicator of interest.Save the file in the same format (*.dbf )Inkscape – graphical tool: correction of legends, text notes etc.Export your map as an *.svg file and open it in Inkscape. Use Inkscape to improve the look of the map.1 If you use Excel, unless you have Excel 2003 or earlier, it will not save .dbf files – you will have to export to Access first!
26Missing data in *.dbf file If table contains missing cells, *.dbf usually assigns “0” value (starting level of the 1st rank).It is common to assign “impossible” values like “-99”.So, we can use some different shading for this data.1 If you use Excel, unless you have Excel 2003 or earlier, it will not save .dbf files – you will have to export to Access first!