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1 Optimal CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage, Under Risk International Seminars in Life Sciences Universidad Politécnica de Valencia Thursday 2008-10-16 Updated.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Optimal CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage, Under Risk International Seminars in Life Sciences Universidad Politécnica de Valencia Thursday 2008-10-16 Updated."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Optimal CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage, Under Risk International Seminars in Life Sciences Universidad Politécnica de Valencia Thursday Updated Peter Lohmander Professor of Forest Management and Economic Optimization SLU, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Umea, Sweden

2 2 Optimal CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage, Under Risk = A presentation within the lectures by Peter Lohmander at UPV, Polytechnical University of Valencia, October General theme of the lectures: Optimal forest management with consideration of risk, CO2 and the forest- and energy industries

3 3 CO2 Permanent storage of CO2 How to reduce the CO2 level in the atmosphere, not only to decrease the emission of CO2 Energy plant with CO2 capture and separation

4 4 CO2 Permanent storage of CO2 Coal mine Oil field Natural gas CCS has already become the main emission reduction method of the fossile fuel energy industry

5 5 Reference to CCS in the energy industry and EU policy 2nd Annual EMISSIONS REDUCTION FORUM: - Establishing Effective CO2, NOx, SOx Mitigation Strategies for the Power Industry, CD, Marcus Evans Ltd, Madrid, Spain, 29th & 30th September 2008 The CD (above) includes presentations where dominating European energy companies show how they develop and use CCS and where the European Commission gives the general European emission and energy policy perspective. Conference programme: Lohmander, P., Tools for optimal coordination of CCS, power industry capacity expansion and bio energy raw material production and harvesting, 2nd Annual EMISSIONS REDUCTION FORUM: - Establishing Effective CO2, NOx, SOx Mitigation Strategies for the Power Industry, CD, Marcus Evans Ltd, Madrid, Spain, 29th & 30th September 2008

6 6 References with links: Lohmander, P., Adaptive Optimization of Forest Management in a Stochastic World, in Weintraub A. et al (Editors), Handbook of Operations Research in Natural Resources, Springer, Springer Science, International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, New York, USA, pp , sib_dp_pt/ #reader-link sib_dp_pt/ #reader-link

7 7 Lohmander, P., Mohammadi, S., Optimal Continuous Cover Forest Management in an Uneven-Aged Forest in the North of Iran, Journal of Applied Sciences 8(11), Mohammadi, L.S., Lohmander, P., A game theory approach to the Iranian forest industry raw material market, Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol 6, No1, pp ,

8 8 Lohmander, P., Guidelines for Economically Rational and Coordinated Dynamic Development of the Forest and Bio Energy Sectors with CO2 constraints, Proceedings from the 16th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, Valencia, Spain, June, 2008 (In the version in the link, below, an earlier misprint has been corrected. ) Lohmander, P., Economically Optimal Joint Strategy for Sustainable Bioenergy and Forest Sectors with CO2 Constraints, European Biomass Forum, Exploring Future Markets, Financing and Technology for Power Generation, CD, Marcus Evans Ltd, Amsterdam, 16th-17th June,

9 9 Lohmander, P., Optimal resource control model & General continuous time optimal control model of a forest resource, comparative dynamics and CO2 consideration effects, Seminar at SLU, Umea, Sweden,

10 10 Lohmander, P., Tools for optimal coordination of CCS, power industry capacity expansion and bio energy raw material production and harvesting, 2nd Annual EMISSIONS REDUCTION FORUM: - Establishing Effective CO2, NOx, SOx Mitigation Strategies for the Power Industry, CD, Marcus Evans Ltd, Madrid, Spain, 29th & 30th September 2008

11 11 Lohmander, P., Optimal CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage, Under Risk, International Seminars in Life Sciences, UPV, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Thursday

12 12 Optimal CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage, Under Risk The objective function is the total present value of CO2 storage minus CCS costs. Discounting factor u = control = CCS level x = The total storage level of CO2

13 13 The controlled storage A stochastic differential equation: Change of the CO2 storage level. Control = CCS level. Expected CO2 leakage. The CO2 storage level is to some extent affected by stochastic leakage and other stochastic events. Z = standard Wiener process.

14 14

15 15 The Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman Equation equation with optimized control:

16 16 Optimization with respect to the control, u:

17 17

18 18

19 19

20 20 The Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation: Let us input the optimal control in the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equation:

21 21

22 22

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24 24

25 25

26 26

27 27 Optimal objective function: The parameters should be determined in the following order:

28 28 Optimal control:

29 29

30 30

31 31 U* r = 3% and s = 0 r = 3% and s = 1

32 32 Stock level Time Expected Present Value r = 3%, s = 0 (upper graph) and s = 1 (lower graph)

33 33

34 34

35 35 U* r = 5% and s = 0 r = 5% and s = 1

36 36 Expected Present Value Time Stock level r = 5%, s = 0 (upper graph) and s = 1 (lower graph)

37 37 Conclusions: A mathematical approach to optimal CCS control has been developed that can handle risk. Possible leakage is an important issue that has to be carefully investigated in the future. It is important that the future management decisions are based on a decision model consistent with the structure of this model and that the parameter values are carefully estimated before practical management decisions are calculated.

38 38 Thank you for listening! Here you may reach me in the future: Peter Lohmander Professor of Forest Management and Economic Optimization, SLU, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Dept. Of Forest Economics, SE Umea, Sweden Version


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