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International Conference on Forests for Food Security & Nutrition FAO Rome, May 13-15, 2013 Food and nutrition security from trees on farms Ludovic Conditamde,

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Presentation on theme: "International Conference on Forests for Food Security & Nutrition FAO Rome, May 13-15, 2013 Food and nutrition security from trees on farms Ludovic Conditamde,"— Presentation transcript:

1 International Conference on Forests for Food Security & Nutrition FAO Rome, May 13-15, 2013 Food and nutrition security from trees on farms Ludovic Conditamde, Tree Aid, Burkina Faso

2 Context of food & nutritional security  Burkina Faso => a Sahelian county => a food crisis => poor harvests  80% of the population dependent on subsistence agriculture and a high level of malnutrition  37% of children under 5 are malnourished  86% of people live in poverty  Some families are having to survive on just one meal a day

3 Context of food & nutritional security  Tree foods (leaves, seeds, nuts, fruits, mushrooms & honey) have been a part of rural diets for generations  Contribution to 30% of rural diets  Tree foods play a very important role in the food security of rural Sahelian households:  100g of Baobab fruit covers a child’s recommended daily allowance of iron and potassium, 92% of copper and 40% of calcium  100g of Ziziphus Mauritania will meet a child’s RDA of calcium & iron and 30% of magnesium

4 Importance to women  Women are the most severely affected by deforestation Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs)  Products (NTFPs) = the most important tree products for women & vital to food security  women collect NTFPs to supplement the diets of their families and mostly through the hungry months  Women have less access to the trees or are excluded from forest management and governance

5  Most of NTFP are well known, are part of family food habits and are subject of marketing Selected NTFPsMineralsVitamins Pulp/Vitellaria paradoxa (Karité) Ca, P, Fe, K, Na, Zn, Mg K3, E Pulp/Parkia biglobosa (Néré) Ca, P, Fe, K, Na, Cu, Mg, Zn C, B1 Leaves/Moringa oleiferaCa, Fe, PA, B1, B2, B3, C Pulp/Adansonia digitata (Baobab) Ca, P, Fe K, MgC, A  Calcium in 100g of fresh Moringa leaves = 4 x in 100g of milk

6 Challenges / Questions  What can be the future support focus in rural area against point of potential vulnerability to the increased climatic change?  We need further studies that can allow bettering integrate NTFPs into households’ food habits  Access to inventories on resources/knowledge re domestication of tree fruits


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