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Integrated Development Environments, Source Control Repositories, Automated Testing Tools, Bug Tracking, Code Analysis Tools, Build Tools, Project Hosting.

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Presentation on theme: "Integrated Development Environments, Source Control Repositories, Automated Testing Tools, Bug Tracking, Code Analysis Tools, Build Tools, Project Hosting."— Presentation transcript:

1 Integrated Development Environments, Source Control Repositories, Automated Testing Tools, Bug Tracking, Code Analysis Tools, Build Tools, Project Hosting Sites Svetlin Nakov, Ivaylo Bratoev Telerik Corporation www.telerik.com

2  Integrated Development Environments (IDEs)  Source Control Systems  Code Generation Tools  Logging Tools  Unit Testing Tools  Automated Testing Tools  Bug Tracking / Issue Tracking Systems  Code Analysis Tools  Code Decompilation Tools 2

3  Code Obfuscators  Code Profilers  Refactoring Tools  Automated Build Tools  Continuous Integration Tools  Documentation Generators  Project Planning and Management Tools  Project Hosting and Team Collaboration Sites 3

4 Visual Studio, Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, Netbeans, JDeveloper, Code::Blocks, Bloodshed Dev-C++

5  Visual Studio is official.NET development tool from Microsoft  Multiple languages: C#, VB.NET, C++, …  Multiple technologies and platforms: ASP.NET, WPF, Silverlight, WWF, WCF, Windows Mobile  Very powerful and feature rich  Write, compile, model, design GUI, forms, data, build, execute, debug, test, deploy, refactor, …  Commercial product, has free editions 5

6 6

7 Live Demo 7

8  Eclipse is the #1 Java IDE  Supports multiple languages and platforms: Java, Java EE, C++, PHP, mobile, embedded, …  Very powerful and feature rich  Write, compile, build, execute, debug, test, deploy, refactor, …  Thousands of plug-ins  Free, open-source product, very big community 8

9 9

10 Live Demo

11  Other Java IDEs  Netbeans  Supports latest Java technologies  Nice GUI designer for Swing and JSF  IntelliJ IDEA – very powerful refactoring  JDeveloper – feature rich, supports UML  Other C++ IDEs  Code::Blocks  Bloodshed Dev-C++ 11

12 Subversion (SVN), Team Foundation Server (TFS), CVS, Git, Mercurial, Perforce, …

13  Source control systems (version control systems, source control repositories)  Hold the source code and project assets during the development process  Allow simultaneous changes in the source code and conflict resolution  Keep version history of the project assets  Two versioning models:  Lock-Modify-Unlock and Copy-Modify-Merge 13

14  The lock-modify-unlock model needs locking files before modification  One file is modified by at most one person in any given moment  No conflicts, no need of merge  Suitable for small teams  When changes almost don't need concurrency  Basic commands: check out, check-in  Implemented in: Visual SourceSafe, (TFS, SVN) 14

15  Copy-modify-merge model does not hold locks during the source code modification  The same file could be simultaneously edited by multiple developers  Sometimes requires conflict resolution  Suitable for large teams and projects  High concurrency of source code modifications  Basic commands: update, commit  Implemented in: SVN, CVS, Git, Mercurial, TFS 15

16  Subversion (SVN)  The most popular and well established system  Free, open-source, very large community  TortoiseSVN – the most popular client 16

17 Live Demo

18  Microsoft Team Foundation Server (TFS)  Works best with Visual Studio  Many problems outside of it  Commercial license 18

19  CVS  Was extremely popular in the past  Now it is obsolete  Open source, mostly used in UNIX / Linux  Git and Mercurial  Fast, distributed, open source  Perforce  Very powerful and scalable (pentabytes of code)  Commercial product (used by SAP) 19

20  Software Configuration Management (SCM systems (e.g. Rational ClearCase, StarTeam)  Change management for requirements, documents, source code, etc.  Tools, policies, workflow, etc.  Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) systems (e.g. VSTS + TFS, StarTeam, Polarion)  Covers the entire development process  Requirements, planning, project management, architecture, build, QA, test, integration, etc. 20

21 21

22 Visual Studio T4 Engine, CodeSmith, AndroMDA

23  Source code generation  Template based  Build data access layer by given database schema  E.g. Visual Studio Data Designer for LINQ-to-SQL  Build Web application by database schema  E.g. Django (Python based Web application platform)  Model based  Build entire application by high-level model 23

24  Microsoft T4 Engine, CodeSmith  Template based code generators  Can generate classes, Web pages and other project assets by set of templates  E.g. data access layer based on database schema  AndroMDA  Application generator framework  Transforms UML models to Java EE applications based on Spring, Hibernate and JSF 24

25  Visual Studio T4 Engine  T4 == Text Template Transformation Toolkit  Integral part of Visual Studio  ASP.NET-like syntax  T4 templates consist of:  Processing directives (e.g. include template)  Text blocks (static text)  Code blocks (in C#, VB.NET)  Compiled to C# and then to.NET assemblies 25

26 26

27 Live Demo

28 Log4J, Log4Net

29  Logging is chronological and systematic record of data processing events in a program  E.g. the Windows Event Log  Logs can be saved to a persistent medium to be studied at a later time  Use logging in the development phase:  Logging can help you debug the code  Use logging in the production environment:  Helps you troubleshoot problems 29

30  Log4J / Log4Net are a popular logging frameworks for Java /.NET  Designed to be reliable, fast and extensible  Simple to understand and to use API  Allows the developer to control which log statements are output with arbitrary granularity  Fully configurable at runtime using external configuration files 30

31  Log4j has three main components: loggers, appenders and layouts  Loggers  Channels for printing logging information  Appenders  Output destinations (e.g. XML file, database, …)  Layouts  Formats that appenders use to write their output 31

32 public class HelloLog4j { private static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(HelloLog4j.class); private static Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(HelloLog4j.class); public static void main(String[] args) { public static void main(String[] args) { BasicConfigurator.configure(); BasicConfigurator.configure(); logger.debug("In the main method"); logger.debug("In the main method"); logger.info("Hello Log4J!"); logger.info("Hello Log4J!"); logger.error("This is an error message"); logger.error("This is an error message"); }}  Output from HelloLog4j 0 [main] DEBUG HelloLog4j - In the main method 0 [main] INFO HelloLog4j - Hello Log4J! 0 [main] ERROR HelloLog4j - This is an error message 32

33 JUnit, NUnit, CppUnit, TestNG, JsUnit, …

34  Unit test is a program that tests pieces of code  Test a single method, class or component  Implement a common use case scenario  Confirm that the code works as expected  Or signal that the code is broken  Unit tests should have high code coverage, e.g. 70-80%  Executed in the continuous integration process  Unit tests dramatically decrease the number of defects in the code 34

35 int sum(int[] array) { int sum = 0; int sum = 0; for (int i=0; i { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/12/3395145/slides/slide_35.jpg", "name": "int sum(int[] array) { int sum = 0; int sum = 0; for (int i=0; i

36  Unit testing frameworks  Simplify design, implementation and execution of unit tests  Popular unit testing frameworks  JUnit, TestNG – classical unit testing frameworks for Java  NUnit, MbUnit, Visual Studio Team System tests – for.NET development  cppUnit, UnitTest++ – for C++ developers  jsUnit – for JavaScript 36

37  Code coverage tools  Code coverage tools check what portion of the source code is covered by the unit tests  CodeCover for Eclipse – for Java  Visual Studio Team Suite – for C#  CoverageMeter – for C++  Mocking Tools  Allow testing functionality that is still not implemented9, e.g. through its interface  Moq, TypeMock, Rhino Mock, JustMock 37

38 Selenium, Microsoft UI Automation Framework, Telerik WebUI Test Studio, IBM Rational Functional Tester, AutomatedQA TestComplete, JMeter, …

39  Test automation  Replaces manual tests (performed by people) with automated tests (performed by script)  Automatically run test scenarios and compare the actual outcomes to predicted outcomes  Automated testing tools  Record and replay test scenarios  Automated testing frameworks  Allow programmatically simulate user activity 39

40  Functional testing tools  Test whether the product behaves as expected  Selenium, Telerik WebUI Test Studio, IBM Rational Functional Tester, AutomatedQA TestComplete  Functional testing frameworks  Microsoft UI Automation Framework – provides programmatic access to the UI elements  java.awt.Robot – generate native system input events (mouse and keyboard) 40

41  Performance testing tools  HP Load Runner  Load testing for Web, SOA, Java,.NET, etc.,  Commercial tool  OpenSTA  HTTP lead tests – free tool  JMeter  Free Java-based tool  Load testing for Web, SOA, databases, JMS 41

42  HP Quality Center  Includes requirements management, test planning, test execution, bug tracking – commercial tool  Mercury Quick Test Professional (QTP)  UI test automation tool – commercial tool  TestLink  Test planning and execution – open-source tool  Visual Studio Test Tools  Functional testing and performance testing 42

43 Live Demo

44 TRAC, Bugzilla, JIRA, TFS, SourceForge, Google Code, CodePlex, Project Locker

45  Bug tracking / issue tracking systems  Track bugs / issues related to software development, called tickets  Tickets consist of:  Category: bug / feature request / task  State: new  assigned  fixed  closed  Priority: critical / high / low / etc.  Owner / responsible person  Summary, description, attachments 45

46 Live Demo 46

47 FxCop, StyleCop, Checkstyle, devAdvantage, FindBugs, BoundsChecker, …

48  Code analysis tools  Analyze the source code for bad coding style / unwanted coding practices  Static analysis  Examine the source code at compile-time  Could work with the source code or with the compiled assemblies / JAR archives  Dynamic analysis  Analyses the code at runtime (usually done by code instrumentation) 48

49 Live Demo 49

50 .NET Reflector, Java Decompilers

51  Code decomplator / code disassembler  Reconstructs the source code (to some extent) from the compiled code .NET assembly  C# / VB.NET source code  JAR archive /.class file  Java source code .EXE file  C / C++ / Assembler code  Reconstructed code  Is not always 100% compilable  Loses private identifier names and comments 51

52  Code decompilers .NET .NET Reflector – powerful tool, great usability  Java  DJ Java Decompiler  JD (JD-Core / JD-GUI / JD-Eclipse) .EXE file  Boomerang Decompiler  outputs C source code  IDA Pro – powerful disassembler / debugger 52

53 53

54 Live Demo

55 Making Reverse Engineering Difficult

56  Code obfuscation  Transform the source code or compiled.NET / Java code into a difficult to understand form  Obfuscated code has the same behavior  Sometimes is a bit slower due to changes and additions in the control logic  Obfuscated code is the opposite of the high- quality code  Obfuscation is a form of security through obscurity 56

57  Rewrite for -loops as while -loops followed by a series of cascading if - else statements  Change iteration into recursion  Obfuscate programming constructs (e.g. turn if-else statements into ?: operators)  Introduce meaningless identifier names  Remove intermediate variables and literals by repeating them as expressions in the code  Remove literals (e.g. 0 and 1) – use expressions  Randomize code formatting 57

58  Original source code in C++ – finds the prime numbers in the interval [1.. 50]: 58 void primes(int max) { for (int num = 2; num < max; num++) { for (int num = 2; num < max; num++) { int composite = 0; int composite = 0; for (int div = 2; div * div <= num; div++) for (int div = 2; div * div <= num; div++) composite += !(num % div); composite += !(num % div); if (!composite) if (!composite) printf("%d ", num); printf("%d ", num); }} void main() { primes(50); primes(50);}

59  Obfuscated source code – does the same but the code is made almost unreadable: 59 void primes(int m, int t, int c) { int i = t / m; int i = t / m; int j = t % m; int j = t % m; (i <= 1) ? primes(m,t+1,c) : (!j) ? primes(m,t+1,j) : (i <= 1) ? primes(m,t+1,c) : (!j) ? primes(m,t+1,j) : (j == i && !c) ? (printf("%d\t",i), primes(m,t+1,c)) : (j == i && !c) ? (printf("%d\t",i), primes(m,t+1,c)) : (j > 1 && j 1 && j < i) ? primes(m,t+1,c + !(i % j)) : (t < m * m) ? primes(m,t+1,c) : 0; (t < m * m) ? primes(m,t+1,c) : 0;} void main() { primes(50, 0, 0); primes(50, 0, 0);}

60  Obfuscated source code – does the same but the code is made really horrible: 60 void _(int __,int ___,int ____,int _____){(( ___/__)<=_____)? _(__,___+_____,____,_____ ):! (___ % __) ? _(__,___+_____,___ % __, _____):( (___ % __)==(___ / __) && !____)?(printf("%d ",(___ / __)),_(__,___+_____,____,_____)):((___ %__)>_____ &&(___ % __) _____ &&(___ % __) < (___ / __))?_( __,___+_____,____+!((___ / __)%(___ % __)), _____):(___ <__*__)?_(__, ___+_____, ____,_____):0;} int main(void){_(50,0,0,1 );}

61 .NET obfuscators  Eazfuscator.NET – free  {smartassembly} – commercial license, very powerful – assembly obfuscation + compression  Java obfuscators  ProGuard – free, open-source  yGuard – free, open source  C++ obfuscators  Stunnix C++ Obfuscator – commercial product 61

62 ANTS Profiler for.NET, YourKit Profiler for.NET, Netbeans Profiler for Java, JProfiler, JProbe

63  Profilers are tools for gathering performance data and finding performance bottlenecks  Implemented by code instrumentation or based on built-in platform debugging / profiling APIs  Gather statistics for method calls, uses of classes, objects, data, memory, threads, etc.  CPU profilers  Find performance bottlenecks  Memory profilers  Find memory allocation problems 63

64 64

65 Live Demo 65

66 JustCode, ReSharper, IntelliJ IDEA, Visual Studio, Eclipse, Netbeans, JDeveloper

67  Refactoring  Improving the design of the existing code without changing its behavior  Typical refactoring patterns  Rename variable / class / method / member  Extract method  Extract constant  Extract interface  Encapsulate field 67

68 68

69 Live Demo 69

70 CMake, Ant, Maven, MSBuild

71  What means to build software?  The process of compiling and assembling the system's modules to obtain the final product  Build activities can also include:  Getting the latest version from the source control repository  Linking external resources  Executing unit tests  Creating installation packages 71

72 CC = cc CFLAGS = -O3 -I /usr/local/lib/sprng/include -I /usr/local/lib/pgplot -g OBJECTS = monte_pi_sprng.o plot.o LIBS = -L/usr/local/lib/sprng/lib -llcg -L/usr/local/lib/pgplot -lcpgplot -lX11 -lftn -lm # --- build targets all: monte_pi_sprng monte_pi_sprng: $(OBJECTS) $(CC) -o monte_pi_sprng $(OBJECTS) $(LIBS) $(CC) -o monte_pi_sprng $(OBJECTS) $(LIBS) monte_pi_sprng.o: /usr/local/lib/sprng/include/sprng.h /usr/local/lib/pgplot/cpgplot.h monte_pi_sprng.c $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c monte_pi_sprng.c $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c monte_pi_sprng.c plot.o: /usr/local/lib/pgplot/cpgplot.h plot.c $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c plot.c $(CC) $(CFLAGS) -c plot.c # --- remove binary and executable files clean: rm -f monte_pi_sprng $(OBJECTS) rm -f monte_pi_sprng $(OBJECTS) 72

73 73

74 Live Demo 74

75 CruiseControl, CruiseControl.NET, Hudson, Team Foundation Server

76  Continuous integration (CI)  Automating the build and integration process  Build the entire system each time any new code is checked in the source control repository  Run all the automated tests for each build  What does "continuous" mean?  Ideally – build it after every check-in  Practically – for larger systems, every 1-2 hours  Or at least a couple of times a day 76

77  Build server – separate machine (or pool)  Source control repository  Subversion, Team Foundation Server (TFS), etc.  Automated build system  Ant, NAnt, MSBuild, Cruise Control, TFS, etc.  Status indicators / notifications to make problems visible right away  Email notifications / tray build notify utilities  Public build status monitors 77

78  CruiseControl  Very popular, powerful, open source CI tool  Extensible, plug-in based, large community  CruiseControl.NET .NET cloning of CruiseControl  Hudson  Powerful Java based CI server, open source  Team Foundation Server (TFS)  TFS provides build-in continuous integration 78

79  Continuous integration systems – comparison:  http://confluence.public.thoughtworks.org/disp lay/CC/CI%2BFeature%2BMatrix http://confluence.public.thoughtworks.org/disp lay/CC/CI%2BFeature%2BMatrix http://confluence.public.thoughtworks.org/disp lay/CC/CI%2BFeature%2BMatrix 79

80 Live Demo 80

81 Javadoc, Sandcastle, Doxygen, JSDoc

82  The best source code documentation is the code itself  Special types of comments are used in many platforms  Used to document the code classes, methods, parameters, return types, exceptions, etc.  Javadoc comments in Java  XML documentation in.NET  Doxygen-style documentation for C, C++, PHP, Python, Java, C#, etc. 82

83  Javadoc  Transforms Javadoc comments used in Java into HTML documentation  Sandcastle  Transforms the XML comments used.NET into CHM, HTML, PDF and other formats  Doxygen  Transforms Doxygen comments into HTML  JSDoc  Javadoc cloning for JavaScript 83

84 Live Demo 84

85 TRAC, Microsoft Project, JIRA

86  TRAC  Open source tool for project / issue tracking  Highly customizable, lots of plug-ins  Large community  Microsoft Project / Project Server  Commercial tool  JIRA  Very feature-rich and highly usable tool  Commercial product, free for non-profit project 86

87  Zoho Projects  Online project management platform  Hosted solution, has free and paid editions  dotProject  Open-source online project management tool  Installed on your server (not hosted)  ComindWork  Hosted online project management tool  Provides free and paid versions 87

88 SourceForge, Google Code, CodePlex, Project Locker

89  SourceForge – http://www.sourceforge.net http://www.sourceforge.net  Source control (SVN, Git, …), web hosting, tracker, wiki, blog, mailing lists, file release, statistics, etc.  Free, all projects are public and open source  Google Code – http://code.google.com http://code.google.com  Source control (SVN), file release, wiki, issue tracker  Very simple, basic functions only, not feature-rich  Free, all projects are public and open source  1-minute signup, without heavy approval process 89

90  CodePlex – http://www.codeplex.com http://www.codeplex.com  Microsoft's open source projects site  Team Foundation Server (TFS) infrastructure  Source control (TFS), issue tracker, downloads, discussions, wiki, etc.  Free, all projects are public and open source  Project Locker – http://www.projectlocker.com http://www.projectlocker.com  Source control (SVN), TRAC, CI system, wiki, etc.  Private projects (not open source)  Free and paid editions 90

91  Assembla – http://www.assembla.com http://www.assembla.com  Source control (SVN, Git), issue tracker, wiki, chats, files, messages, time tracking, etc.  Private / public projects, free and paid editions  Bitbucket – http://bitbucket.org http://bitbucket.org  Source control (Mercurial), issue tracker, wiki, management tools  Private projects, free and paid editions  Others: Github, Unfuddle, XP-Dev, Beanstalk 91

92 Live Demo

93 Questions? http://academy.telerik.com


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