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Transition to Dorpers John Anstee, Lauren Deane, Breony Moloney, Rebecca Ryan Images Merino:

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Presentation on theme: "Transition to Dorpers John Anstee, Lauren Deane, Breony Moloney, Rebecca Ryan Images Merino:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Transition to Dorpers John Anstee, Lauren Deane, Breony Moloney, Rebecca Ryan Images Merino: Dorper:

2 Outline Merinos compared to Dorpers Options for enterprises Gross margin comparisons Recommendations References

3 Merino vs Dorpers Dorpers shed their fleece and thus do not require shearing, crutching or fly control. This can be achieved when the dorper flock reach at least F4. Dorpers are known to have a higher fecundity than merinos with an average weaning percentage of 118% where merinos are 86%. 3 ◦ Decreased need for large breeding flock Dorpers are not seasonal breeders like merinos and have been known to reach mature breeding age at one year. ◦ Reach oestrus at 52 days after parturition therefore possible to lamb twice per year Cloete, S. W. P., M. A. Snyman, et al. (2000). "Productive performance of Dorper sheep." Small Ruminant Research 36(2): Snyman, M. A. and M. J. Herselman (2005). "Comparison of productive and reproductive efficiency of Afrino, Dorper and Merino sheep in the False Upper Karoo." South African Journal of Animal Science 35(2):

4 Merino vs Dorper (continued) Studies have shown the growth rates of dorpers to remain relatively constant in large variety of climates and environments, where merinos vary greatly. Dorpers have a higher growth rate (44% higher than merino) 2 and mature size than merinos, therefore are more efficient as a meat production breed however also have a greater DSE value (2.72/ewe where merinos are 2.23/ewe) 1 ◦ (therefore change from merino to dorper flock must accommodate this when calculating stocking rate) 1. DPI website

5 Transition from wool to sheep meat – What options do you have? Sell existing stock - purchase Dorper rams and F2 Dorper ewes Upgrade - purchase Dorper rams and upgrade the existing Merino ewe base F1 Dorper rams - appears to be a less costly option but is not viable

6 Consider the genetics….impacts on management F1 50/50 F2 75/25 F3 87.5/12.5 F /6.25 No shearing from F4 % of Flock Requiring Shearing YearDorper/MerinoDorper/F (100)* (63)* (12)* ^

7 Risks and Benefits Source:

8 Gross Margin Comparisons Over 10 years, the Merino enterprise provides the best return Between the Dorper enterprises, using a Dorper sire over Merino ewes provides the better return The Dorper enterprises’ viability are more heavily influenced by changes in price Present value and net present value of investment options per DSE* over 10 years Year Total Present value factor Merino $159.83$152.58$145.67$139.06$132.76$126.75$121.00$115.52$110.29$105.29$1, F2 and Dorper sire $30.72$44.50$38.36$28.91$26.03$22.64$21.62$20.64$19.70$18.81$ Dorper sire $156.19$114.74$74.49$55.88$62.03$53.23$45.32$40.47$40.74$40.87$ *interest rate 4.75% *optimum enterprise DSE rating: 5750 DSE

9 Recommendations Brief overview of the information so far Merino flock gives the best financial return according to the gross margin Dorper option too attractive? ◦ Which flock structure you should go ◦ If you change to dorpers: what to do next If you are unsure of what to do from this presentation…

10 References Cloete, S. W. P., M. A. Snyman, et al. (2000). “Productive performance of Dorper sheep.” Small Ruminant Research 36(2): DPI website Snyman, M. A. and M. J. Herselman (2005). "Comparison of productive and reproductive efficiency of Afrino, Dorper and Merino sheep in the False Upper Karoo." South African Journal of Animal Science 35(2):


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