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Homeland Security Investigations National Gang Unit.

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Presentation on theme: "Homeland Security Investigations National Gang Unit."— Presentation transcript:

1 Homeland Security Investigations National Gang Unit

2 Law Enforcement Sensitive 2 The NGU was created in 2008 to oversee the following major operational and programmatic areas: National Gang Unit (NGU) Operation Community Shield National HSI SURGE operations Criminal gang investigations, including VICAR and RICO ICEGangs database

3 Law Enforcement Sensitive 3 The Homeland Security Investigations’ National Gang Unit will leverage its anti-gang initiative “Operation Community Shield” to enhance U.S. public safety by developing strategic domestic and foreign law enforcement partnerships, and utilizing those partnerships along with all of our unique legal authorities to target gangs, suppress their violence and prosecute their criminal enterprises. Mission Statement

4 Law Enforcement Sensitive 4 MembersGangs Street1,140,34430,313 OMG 44,108 2,965 Prison 231,136** N/A *Based on 2010 and 2011 NGIC and NDIC data **Based on reporting from 32 states 2011 Estimated Gang Membership

5 Law Enforcement Sensitive 5 The lines between transnational gang activity and organized crime are blurry Gangs developed organizational structure, capital, and manpower required to run sophisticated criminal schemes Some aim to penetrate state/political levels Blurring of Lines

6 Law Enforcement Sensitive 6 Gangs Illicit Activities and Proceeds Homicide Human Trafficking/Prostitution Malicious Wounding/Felonious Assault Auto Theft Witness Intimidation Drug Trafficking/Distribution/Smuggling Human Smuggling Illegal Immigration Fraudulent Documents Firearms Trafficking White Collar Crime-IPR, Mortgage Fraud, etc. Money Laundering $$$$$$ COMMON THREAD

7 Law Enforcement Sensitive 7 Maritime Cocaine Routes COMMON THREAD Countries with high gang populations Cartels movement is from Colombia to Mexico to Central America

8 Law Enforcement Sensitive 8 Mexico Gangs are present in 20 of the 32 Mexican States according to Mexican PGR 2010 report MS-13, 18 th Street, Barrio Azteca, Mexican Mafia, Mexicles and Artistas Asesinos Same areas as Mexican DTO’s

9 Law Enforcement Sensitive 9 US Based Gangs with Ties to MDTO’s AZ New Mexican Mafia Aryan Brotherhood Avenues Bandidos Barrio Azteca Barrio Westside Black Guerilla Family Bloods California Mexican Mafia (EME) Crips Hardtimes 13 Happytown Pomona Hells Angels Hermanos de Pistoleros Latinos La Nuestra Familia Latin Kings Lennox 13 Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) Mexican Mafia Mongols Nortenos Satins Disciples Surenos Tango Blast Texas Mexican Mafia (Mexikanemi) Texas Syndicate Tri-City Bombers Vagos Vatos Locos Westside Nogalitas Wetback Power Wonder Boys 18 th Street

10 Law Enforcement Sensitive 10

11 Law Enforcement Sensitive Hand in Hand * as of 1 OCT 2012

12 Law Enforcement Sensitive 12

13 Law Enforcement Sensitive Bulk Cash Smuggling Top 10 State Totals 2320 seizures $328,044,404 Large Quantities of Bulk Cash

14 Law Enforcement Sensitive 14 Partnerships with state, local, federal, and international LE agencies are the linchpin to the success of HSI gang enforcement operations like SURGE. Our LE partners provide actionable intelligence which is critical in the targeting of gangs and their membership for enforcement actions. HSI Special Agents work with our partners to develop complex federal criminal prosecutions. Inter Agency Cooperation

15 Law Enforcement Sensitive 15 HSI Special Agents exploit intelligence gathered from SURGE operations to pursue complex criminal enterprise investigations. HSI Special Agents work with LE partners to secure complex federal criminal prosecutions. HSI has solidified a leadership role in the investigation of transnational criminal street gangs such as MS-13 through this approach. The Evolution of Gang Enforcement RICO and VICAR Offenses

16 Law Enforcement Sensitive 16 Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) Literal Meaning: Mara: Derived from the Mara bunta ant which is a ant that is ferocious and moves in packs, turning into the slang term for gang—Salva: refers to El Salvador—Trucha: refers to literally a “trout”, but means in slang clever or sharp, proud. MS-13 originated in L.A. in 1980’s. 1,000’s of El Salvadorans fled civil war, settled in L.A. Originally, main purpose was to protect El Salvador immigrants from other, more established gangs in L.A. MS-13 grew, became more violent, deportations increase and repatriated MS-13 members to El Salvador

17 Law Enforcement Sensitive 17 The number of members of MS-13 continues to grow, as does the presence of MS-13 in other countries throughout the world: Current Status of MS-13 U.S. (over 10,000 members in more than 40 states) Canada, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Ecuador, Spain, Germany, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, Belize, Mexico, and Italy to name a few Over 40,000 members worldwide

18 Law Enforcement Sensitive 18 MS-13 Criminal Activities Homicide Human Trafficking/Prostitution Malicious Wounding/Felonious Assault Auto Theft Witness Intimidation Drug Trafficking/Distribution/Smuggling Human Smuggling Illegal Immigration Fraudulent Documents Firearms Trafficking

19 Law Enforcement Sensitive 19 MS13 Levels Leadership Recognized in El Salvador International Leader Bosses or National Leaders National Leaders or «Ranfla» Leaders of Prison Programs Leaders of Programs (outside of prison) In Charge of Clique Leaders In Prison Clique Leaders Hitment/AssasinsExtortionDrugsSoldiers/MembersLookoutsCollaboratorsSurveillance

20 Law Enforcement Sensitive National Leaders Principal Bosses Word and In Charge of Programs (a) Sleepy (a) Flaco Francis Locos (a) Fox, Travieso Fulton Locos (a) Snoopy Western Locos (a) Santos Normandie Locos (a) Chino ó Loche Sailor Locos (a) Pantera Viroleños Locos (a) Shuky ó Chaky Hollywood Locos (a) Llama o Jacher Teclas Locos (a) Diablon Park View Locos (a) Payaso San Cocos Locos (a) Barney Normandie Locos (a) Necio San Cocos Locos (a) Rata LLS Leeward Locos (a) Tío Sam Opico Locos (a) Chino o Tecolote Western Locos (a) Midget Leewards Locos Efraín Cortez (a) Tigre o Chivo Park View Locos (a) Chivo, Chino o Gordo Centrales Locos (a) Viejo Pavas Seven & Eleven Locos (a) Snyper Leewards Locos (a) Snayder Pasadena Locos (a) Xisco Teclas Locos (a) Colocho Western Locos (a) Flen o Humilde Taz Gangster Poliedros (a) Viejo Infierno o Lobo Delicias Locos (a) Spider o Araña Teclas Locos (a) Moreno o Norteño Hollywood Locos (a) Black o Chaky Quezaltecos Locos (a) Power ó Chele Teclas Locos (a) Slow, lento Criminal Gangster Locos (a) Player, Pelón Criminal Gangster Locos (a) Laky, Blacky Park View Locos (a)Barón, Sponky, C. A. Leader Francis Locos (a) Koky Leeward Locos (a) Lasio ó Diablito Wildman Locos (a) Cerebro o Quisantos (a) Diablito, ó Cuervo Criminal Gangster Locos (a) Spider Zaragoza Locos (a) Varelita ó Payaso (a) Greñas Stoner Locos (a) Diablito HLS Hollywood Locos (a) Ladrón o Croock Hollywood Locos (a) Largo Fulton Locos (a) Trece, Shayboys o Ángel Teclas Locos International Leaders Zacatecoluca Prison Gotera Prison Ciudad Barrios Prison Chalatenango Prison Free

21 Law Enforcement Sensitive MS-13 Programs MS13 CENTRO SAN MARTÍN MODELO CUSCATLÁN SAN COCO SAN MIGUEL SANTA ANA AHUACHAPÁN ILOPANGO LA LIBERTAD LA PAZ SHULTON LOS ÁNGELES LOS ÁNGELES EAST COAST CHALCHUAPA PORTEÑOS SOYAPANGO CABAÑAS GUAZAPA HOLLYWOOD LEEWARDS FULTON JIQUILISCO PARK VIEW 12 ARCE MORAZANES PROYECTO SANTA LUCIA PINOS STONER LA HERMANDAD NOVENA SAN MARCOS BUENOS CRIMINALES QUEZALTEPEQUE GUANACOS LIRO SAICOS 5 5 GANSTERS 5CEDROS DELICIAS DOWN TIME CRIMINAL LIRO SAICO UNIONENSES SANTA ROSA NEW YORK HOUSTON (In Formation) HOUSTON (In Formation) SALVATRUCHOS UNIDOS DE DALLAS SALVATRUCHOS UNIDOS DE DALLAS U.S. BASED

22 Law Enforcement Sensitive Total Arrests: 29,366* Gang Leaders: 374 Criminal Arrests: 16,505 Administrative Arrests: 12,861 MS-13 Members: 4,163 Violent Criminal History: 11,913 Firearms Seizures: 4,137 Operation Community Shield Overall Statistics * as of 1 JAN 2013

23 Law Enforcement Sensitive The SDN List is posted on OFAC’s website and used by the U.S. financial community to screen transactions and accounts. Available at: ds/t11sdn.pdf Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List

24 Law Enforcement Sensitive How Blocking Works SDN List Banks automatically download SDN List All accounts/wire transfers screened against SDN List Transactor/ customer identity matched with SDN Funds blocked

25 Law Enforcement Sensitive On July 25, 2011, Executive Order (EO) was signed by President Obama imposing sanctions against four significant Transnational Criminal Organizations (TCOs) and authorizing the Department of the Treasury to target TCOs worldwide. Designated TCOs -Brothers’ Circle/Moscow Center-Camorra -Los Zetas-Yakuza -Mara Salvatrucha (added October 11, 2011) E.O —TCO’s

26 Law Enforcement Sensitive Designation Criteria Under EO Significant TCO (Identified by President or Treasury Secretary) Entity (Identified by Treasury Entity (Identified by Treasury) Individual (Identified by Treasury) Designation Criteria (Tier 1) -one or more foreign persons; -engages in an ongoing pattern of serious criminal activity; -involves the jurisdictions of at least two foreign states; -threatens the national security, foreign policy, or economy of the United States. Designation Criteria (Tier 2) - to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services … -to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly…

27 Law Enforcement Sensitive Memorandums are drafted by OFAC investigators to document data used to justify designation. They consist of supporting information from any relevant U.S. or non- U.S. source including: Press articles; Business records; Academic studies; Law enforcement investigative reports; Court documents such as indictments and rulings Information Used to Support Designation

28 Law Enforcement Sensitive Targeting of MS-13 TCO Top Tier Linked Entities/Individuals Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) Key Leader Financial Intermediary

29 Law Enforcement Sensitive Target the financial and support networks of illicit organizations in coordination with law enforcement Interdict financial flows from U.S. MS-13 components Generate new leads for law enforcement as to who is moving money on behalf of MS-13 out of the U.S. Focus international attention on the continued threat and expanding presence of MS-13 Desired Outcomes

30 Law Enforcement Sensitive 30 Jason Shatarsky, Section Chief desk cell NGU Points of Contact

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