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Chapter 12 © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
White-Collar and Organized Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
White-Collar Crime Violations of the criminal law committed by a person of respectability and high social status,… © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
…in the course of his or her occupation White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
The financial cost of white-collar crime is probably several times as great as… White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
…the financial costs of all the crimes which are customarily regarded as the “crime problem” White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
White-collar criminals are far less likely to be investigated,… White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
…arrested, or prosecuted than are other types of offenders White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chief criterion for a crime to be “white-collar” is that it occurs as part of, or a deviation from, the violator’s occupational role White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Organizational occupational crime State authority occupational crime White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Professional occupational crime Individual occupational crime White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Corporate Crime A violation of a criminal statute either by a corporate entity or by its executives, employees, or agents… White-Collar Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
…acting on behalf of and for the benefit of the corporation, partnership, or other form of business entity Corporate Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Organized Crime Historical beginnings in Italy Black Hand Mafia © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Black Hand Specialized in the intimidation of Italian immigrants Organized Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Organized Crime Black Hand Especially powerful in Detroit, St. Louis, Kansas City, and New Orleans © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Mafia Roots in Sicily Organized Crime Own set of codes and laws © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Organized Crime La Cosa Nostra Italian-American criminal organization Originated in Sicily © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Organized Crime Prohibition Gave organized crime vital financial gains Produced unheralded wealth for the Mafia © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Activities Organized Crime 1. Racketeering 2. Vice operations 3. Theft / fence rings © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Organized Crime Activities 4. Gangs 5. Terrorism © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Code of Conduct (omerta) Governs behavior among members Unwritten Organized Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Initiation ritual Loyalty, respect, honor Organized Crime Code of Conduct (omerta) © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Obey your superiors Keep silent Organized Crime Code of Conduct (omerta) © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Black Mafia Cuban Mafia Haitian Mafia Organized Crime Other organizations © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Columbian Cartels Russian Mafia Asian Criminals Organized Crime Other organizations © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Inner-city gangs Outlaw motorcycle gangs International drug rings Organized Crime Other organizations © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Unlawful activity undertaken and supported by organized criminal groups operating across national boundaries Organized Crime Transnational Organized Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
RICO Focused on ill-gotten gains from racketeering activity Organized Crime and the Law © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
allows the government to seize the proceeds of racketeers Organized Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc. Asset Forfeiture
Money Laundering The process by which illegal gains are disguised as legal income Organized Crime © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 12 White-Collar and Organized Crime
Chapter 10 White-Collar and Organized Crime. Introduction ► White-collar crimes – criminal offenses committed by people in upper socioeconomic strata.
12 White-Collar and Organized Crime.
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