1Jeopardy . Darwin Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Final Jeopardy
2completely unrelated organisms on each of the islands. b. In the Galápagos, Darwin was able to observea.completely unrelated organisms on each of the islands.b.most of the species of animals found in South America.c.similar species in somewhat different habitats.d.species unrelated to those found in South America.
4similarities of the birds' embryos. b. The species of finches that Darwin found on the Galápagos Islands displayed different structural adaptations. One of the adaptations that Darwin noted was thea.similarities of the birds' embryos.b.birds' differently shaped beaks.c.length of the birds' necks.d.number of eggs in each bird's nest.
6if all birds on the different islands were finches. d. Considering the adaptations he observed in finches and tortoises in the Galápagos, Darwin wondereda.if animals living on different islands had once been members of the same species.b.if finches and tortoises had originated from the same ancestral species.c.if all birds on the different islands were finches.d.why all tortoises on the different islands were identical.
8experimentation with animals. b. Darwin formulated his theory of evolution by natural selection aftera.experimentation with animals.b.observations of many species and their geographical distributions.c.reading the writings of Wallace.d.agreeing with Lamarck about the driving force behind evolution.
10inheritance of mutations. b. inheritance of acquired characteristics. The wings of experimental fruit flies were clipped short each generation for fifty generations. The fifty-first generation emerged with normal-length wings. This observation would tend to disprove the theory of evolution based ona.inheritance of mutations.b.inheritance of acquired characteristics.c.natural selection.d.survival of the fittest.
12people die faster than babies are born. b. The economist Malthus suggested thata.people die faster than babies are born.b.babies are born faster than people die.c.in the 1700s, Earth was overrun by people.d.in the 2000s, the seas will be overrun by oysters.
18possession of structures developed through use. b. According to Darwin's theory of natural selection, individuals who survive are most likely the ones best adapted to exist in their environment. Their survival is due to thea.possession of structures developed through use.b.possession of adaptations that maximize fitness.c.lack of competition within the species.d.ability to change their genotype.
20inheritance of acquired characteristics d. selection If a male bird's rate of reproduction is higher than another male's based upon the appearance of each, what process is occurring?a.evolutionb.extinctionc.inheritance of acquired characteristicsd.selection
24acquired characteristics b. reproductive isolation c. When lions prey on a herd of antelope, some antelope are eliminated. Which part of Darwin's theory of evolution may be used to describe this situation?a.acquired characteristicsb.reproductive isolationc.survival of the fittestd.speciation due to mutations
28the increased reproductive success of the fittest individuals b. What is evolution?a.the increased reproductive success of the fittest individualsb.the diminished reproductive success of poorly adapted individualsc.the change in the inherited characteristics of a populationd.the struggle for existence undergone by all living things
30have the ability to interbreed. b. The observation by Darwin that finches of different species on the Galápagos Islands have many similar physical characteristics supports the conclusion that these finchesa.have the ability to interbreed.b.acquired traits through use and disuse.c.all eat the same type of food.d.originated from a common ancestor.
32species change over time. b. all living things developed from fish. c. Darwin's theory of evolution suggests thata.species change over time.b.all living things developed from fish.c.most plants and animals can interbreed.d.all dogs are more closely related to fish than to whales.
34natural variation and natural selection. b. use and disuse. c. Darwin's theory of evolution is based ona.natural variation and natural selection.b.use and disuse.c.a tendency toward perfect organisms.d.transmission of acquired characteristics.
36homologous structures such as wings and arms. b. Common cells growing in similar patterns in different organisms producea.homologous structures such as wings and arms.b.indistinguishable early embryos.c.vestigial organs such as reduced tails.d.different limb types specialized for a single function.
46$300 Question from H5Inferring Vegetation on Isabela Island is close to the ground. How might the location of vegetation have affected the neck and shell of the Isabela Island tortoise shown in Figure 15-4?A.) Short neck turtle would have advantageB.) Long neck turtle would have advantageC.) Mid-neck Turtle Would have advantage
52Final JeopardyApplying Concepts Which parents of the nests shown in Figure 15-5 would suffer the greatest loss of fitness if one egg did not hatch?A.) parents of nest aB.)parents of nest BC.) parents of nest C