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Which of the following is an example of a haploid cell?

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Presentation on theme: "Which of the following is an example of a haploid cell?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Which of the following is an example of a haploid cell?
Stomach cell Brain cell Sperm Cell Skin cell 0 of 0 9

2 How many chromosomes are in your Somatic (body)cells?
23 32 64 46 10

3 Your somatic (body) cells have how many pairs of homologous chromosomes?
Response Counter 10

4 This is a picture of Gamete Chromatin Duplicated chromosome Karyotype
Response Counter 10

5 Human somatic cells contain _____ pair(s) of sex chromosomes.
22 1 23 46 30

6 Gametes are _________, meaning they contain one set of chromosomes.
Diploid Haploid Triploid Monoploid 30

7 If an organism contains 14 chromosomes in each somatic cell, then its gametes each contain ____ chromosomes. 7 14 21 28 30

8 What is #1 in the picture? Centromere Centriole Sister Chromatid
Chromatin Response Counter 10

9 What is #2 in the picture? Centromere Chromosome DNA Chromatin 10
Response Counter 10

10 The Cell Cycle PARTS OF THE CELL CYCLE Interphase G1 S G2 Mitosis
Prophase Metaphase Anaphase Telophase Cytokinesis

11 Interphase 90% of cell life cycle Characteristics
cell doing its “everyday job” prepares for duplication if triggered Characteristics nucleus well-defined DNA loosely packed in long chromatin fibers

12 Interphase G1 – First stage after division Cell increases in size
Doubles organelles Cells do everyday job 9.1

13 Interphase S – DNA synthesis occurs
DNA Replication takes place in the nucleus (copies chromosomes) G2 – Growth & final preparations for division Prepares for division Proteins that aid in mitosis are made in this stage Microtubules 9.1

14 Control of the Cell Apoptosis – Programmed cell death
Apoptosis & the cell cycle work together to maintain # of cells in the body (Homeostasis) Cell Checkpoints (Each controlled by proteins) G1 – Checks DNA for mutations after G1 If ok the cell cycle goes on, if not… APOPTOSIS! G2 – Check to make sure DNA has been copied correctly if DNA replicated correctly process moves to mitosis, if not… APOPTOSIS! M Checkpoint – Checkpoint in mitosis/Checks that chromosomes are attached to spindle Takes place between metaphase and anaphase Ensures chromosomes have lined up correctly, if not…. APOPTOSIS! 9.1

15 Cancer Uncontrolled cell growth Why??
Checkpoints in cell cycle break down Due to mutations in genes that produce proteins that control the checkpoints Can cause tumors (mass of cells) Malignant tumor – cancerous tumor that may spread to other areas of the body Benign tumor – non-cancerous tumor Biopsy- sample tissue is taken from tumor to determine if it is cancerous or not Metastasis- the spreading of cancer from one part of the body to another

16 Chromosomes Chromatin Chromatids Centromere
What is the DNA/protein complex called? (Hint: This is DNA when it is unwound) Chromosomes Chromatin Chromatids Centromere 0 of 0 6

17 In which stage of interphase does the cell replicate its DNA?

18 Programmed cell death is called
Mitosis Cancer Apoptosis G0 0 of 21 10

19 Cell growth and final preparation for division occurs at which stage of interphase?

20 The Cell Cycle Interphase G1 S G2 Mitosis (PMAT) 3. Cytokinesis

21 Mitosis – division of the nucleus
4 Parts (PMAT): Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase

22 Prophase Chromatin (DNA) condenses into chromosomes
Centrioles move to opposite poles of cell Microtubules extend from the centrioles to form mitotic spindle Pull apart sister chromatids Nucleolus disappears Nuclear membrane breaks down Chromosomes attach to spindle fibers Pro = Prepare

23 Metaphase Spindle fibers align chromosomes along the middle of cell
Meta = Middle metaphase plate helps to ensure chromosomes separate properly so each new nucleus receives only 1 copy of each chromosome

24 Anaphase Sister chromatids separate move to opposite poles
pulled at centromeres Ana = APART

25 Telophase Opposite of prophase
The chromosomes are at the poles of the spindle. The spindle fibers disintegrate The nuclear membrane re-forms around the two sets of chromosomes. Chromosomes uncoil to become chromatin again Telophase = looks like a Telephone or makes Two nuclei.

26 Cytokinesis Cell divides into two identical daughter cells
Plant and animal cells divide the cytoplasm in different ways.

27 Cytokinesis (Plants) In plant cells, a new cell wall made of cellulose forms between the 2 new nuclei called the cell plate. When the new wall joins with the existing side wall, the 2 cells have become separate.

28 Cytokinesis (Animals)
In animal cells, a ring of protein fibers forms around the cell equator and contacts, pinching the cell in half.

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