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Unit 3: Rescue Equipment This material was produced under grant number SH-22307-11 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 3: Rescue Equipment This material was produced under grant number SH-22307-11 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 3: Rescue Equipment This material was produced under grant number SH from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. 1

2  Discuss the importance in preplanning for emergencies at grain storage and handling facilities  Describe the type of rescue equipment that is needed and potential hazards associated with it’s use  Demonstrate the use of grain restraint systems 2

3  It is unlikely that any one fire/rescue team will have all the equipment, or skills, necessary to conduct a successful rescue from a grain storage or handling operation. Consequently:  Pre-planning is essential  Mutual-aid agreements need to be in place  The location of key resources need to be identified  Lot’s of support is needed- working cooperatively 3

4  Identify available resources – both public and private  Identify the type of grain storage and handling facilities in the area Flour mill Distilleries Feed mill Elevator Ethanol plants  Get with local facility owners and tour their operations  Get with farmers and tour their facilities  Contribute to prevention/safety efforts 4

5 Becoming Familiar with Grain Storage and Handling Facilities will Help Identify the Rescue Equipment Needed at the Scene K12 Rescue Saw with Abrasive Blade Hooligan Tool or Pry Bar 5

6  Portable generators  Portable lighting system  Back boards  High angle rescue equipment  Communication 6

7  Rescue K12  Reciprocating saw  Torch  Angle Grinder  Air Chisel 7

8 Various Cutting Tools Portable Slice Pack Portable Oxygen/Acetylene Torch Wheeled Oxygen/Acetylene Torch 8

9 Various Cutting Tools Battery Operated Saws All 110 Volt Saws All Air Chisel 9

10  Flying debris  Contact with sharp edges and tool blades  Respiratory hazards from airborne dust and fumes  High sound levels 10

11  Corn and most other grains have a relatively high ignition temperature  Many cutting tools generate sufficient heat to cause ignition  When cutting a charged line should be in place to extinguish any ignited material  There has been concern over ignition of grain dust  However, there is no documentation of a grain dust explosion ever occurring during a rescue attempt 11

12 Grain Bin Rescue Attempt with K-12 Rescue Saw 12

13 13  A wide range of items have been used to build coffer dams. Back boards Plywood sheets (max. of 24” wide strips) Barrels with ends cut out Garbage cans Metal roofing Commercially available grain rescue tubes

14  Prevents the victim from being buried deeper  Allows rescuers the ability to remove the grain from within the tube, freeing the victim  The grain must be removed from around the victim rather than the victim removed from the grain 14

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17  In a typical rescue thousands of bushels of grain might have to be removed to access a victim. In addition to a large number of first responders, equipment to move grain will be essential.  This includes: Large grain shovels Portable grain auger Grain vacuum machines Front end or skid steer loader, pay loaders Grain trucks 17

18  If rescuers need to be lowered into the structure approved anchor points or overhead lift points will be needed, along with trained personnel to use them. This could include: Ladder or boom fire truck Tripod with manlift 18

19  Most farm and feed lot grain storage operations do not contain approved anchor points that meet the load capacity specified in the federal confined space entry standards.  Since these facilities are exempt from compliance with either the grain handling or confined space entry standards they were not constructed to meet the standards.  If necessary, alternative anchor points for both fall protection and confined space entry will need to be configured. 19

20  There has been an increased use of grain vacuum equipment in grain rescues  This equipment is found at most commercial grain storage facilities and on some larger farms  This equipment can move 1,000-2,000 bushels per hour of continuous use 20

21  Presents the risk of first responder entrapment  Generates large amounts of dust 21

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