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SHIPBREAKING Module 1: Introduction to Shipbreaking 1.1 Pre-planning and Hazard Assessment Susan Harwood Grant Number SH-17820-08-60-F-23.

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Presentation on theme: "SHIPBREAKING Module 1: Introduction to Shipbreaking 1.1 Pre-planning and Hazard Assessment Susan Harwood Grant Number SH-17820-08-60-F-23."— Presentation transcript:

1 SHIPBREAKING Module 1: Introduction to Shipbreaking 1.1 Pre-planning and Hazard Assessment Susan Harwood Grant Number SH-17820-08-60-F-23

2 DISCLAIMER  This material was produced under grant number SH-17820-08-60-F-23 from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. It does not necessarily reflect the views or polices of the U.S. Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. 2

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4 Objectives:  Identify elements that go into surveys and pre-planning  State ways to remove hazardous material  Identify equipment and valuable materials that may be salvaged  Indicate the scrapping procedures used 4

5 First arrival 5 Figure 1 USS Des Monies berth at ESCO Marine

6 Even before the ship is moored a comprehensive inspection has taken place by an inspection team. 6 Figure 2 Vessel inside slip for pre-inspeciton

7 Plans and procedures are drafted by Managers and supervisors prior to the ships arrival. 7 Figure 3 Marine Metals supervisor discusses procedures for dismantling

8 Pre-planning is a very detailed process to ensure that the work is done safely and is financially sound. 8 Figure 4 Gangway to the vessel

9 Worker safety is always paramount. 9 Figure 5 Safety Officer discusses procedures

10 So what goes into the Pre-planning process? 10 Figure 6 View of the yard and slip out of the main shipping channel

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12 The initial survey begins when the vessel is being evaluated during the purchasing phase. 12 Figure 7 Various ship keys in the captains stateroom

13 The planning phase details how the vessel is to be dismantled and the order in which the process will proceed. 13 Figure 8 Boom around the stern of a vessel

14 Hazards have to be early identified to determine the scope of work. 14 Figure 9 View inside the slip of the winch system

15 Generally the vessels have been inactive for years and hazardous conditions can build up in enclosed compartments. 15 Figure 10 Vessel inside the slip in the final dismantling

16 A complete inventory of all hazardous materials needs to be compiled and located. 16 Figure 11 Bridge compass and weather instruments

17 Compartments need to be assessed to determine whether they meet the standards as a confined space. 17 Figure 12 Double bottom of the hull

18 Access throughout the entire vessel needs to be planned out. 18 Figure 13 Access doorways from the exterior

19 Ladders and stairways need to be restricted until they are determined to be sound for workers. Remember corrosion. 19 Figure 14 Ladders on the mast of the vessel

20 Illumination, sanitation, ventilation, among others need to be evaluated and implemented. 20 Figure 15 Crews galley and serving area

21 Lastly, fire protection needs to be in place prior to beginning work. 21 Figure 16 Fire support system

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23 The first phase determined the location of hazardous materials and now the second phase is removing them. 23 Figure 17 Inside view of a parts room

24 Hazardous material includes fuels, lubricate oils, asbestos, and insulating materials, to name a few that have been identified. 24 Figure 18 Asbestos lagging on piping in the engine room

25 Tanks have to be cleaned so that when hot work is preformed the chance for explosions and fires are eliminated. 25 Figure 19 Walkways inside the engine room

26 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) procedures are implemented and strictly enforced. 26 Figure 20 Worker with respirator working on deck

27 All hazardous materials must be removed prior to conducting hot work in the area. 27 Figure 21 Oil waste tank storage in yard

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29 The next phase is removing and salvaging equipment that remains on board. 29 Figure 22 Captains sound power phone in stateroom

30 The contents in the compartments have to be removed prior to dismantling. 30 Figure 23 Nautical maps in chart room

31 Salvaging equipment is one reason, however safety from fires is the number one reason for removing materials. 31 Figure 24 Flumes after hot work on a sectional

32 Supervisors will inspect the compartments and address items that will be salvaged or disposed. 32 Figure 25 Switch board in engine room for ahead and astern propulsion

33 The items that have value, will have instructions as to where the equipment will be located once off the vessel. 33 Figure 26 Personnel affect in stateroom

34 Machinery and larger equipment may have to wait until the compartment is accessible. 34 Figure 27 Machinery in the engine room

35 Wiring and electronics need to be handled carefully due to being hazardous or delicate. 35 Figure 28 Gauges and switches on a engine room panel

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37 The forth phase is scrapping the vessel which is a systematic dismantling. 37 Figure 29 View of the hull down to the double bottom

38 Supervisors will make decisions on each cut based on the pre-planning process. 38 Figure 30 Worker with fall protection

39 The superstructure is removed and compartments along the hull are dismantled in the process. 39 Figure 31 Open deck compartments looking towards the bow area

40 Material that is removed is separated into ferrous and non-ferrous metals. 40 Figure 32 Scrap steel that has been processed

41 Once Hot work is fully engaged the fire watch personnel have to be vigilant. 41 Figure 33 Hot work on hull

42 Safety is the key to success! 42 Figure 34 Workers cutting prop

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45 References:  OSHA eTool 45

46 46 Worker Safety is the Priority

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