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1 Migration paths to IPv6 Daniel Junqueira Sales Engineer – A10 Networks

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1 1 Migration paths to IPv6 Daniel Junqueira Sales Engineer – A10 Networks

2 2 What are the benefits of IPv6?  IP address abundance  More people & devices connected requiring an IP address  AT&T added 1.6M non- phone wireless device connections in Q1 2011, passes 12M devices  ….but IPv6 also brings  Efficiency - optimized for routers & other devices to process IPv6  Simplicity with address auto-configuration Source: ARIN CellphoneTV Surveillance Camera Game Console eBook Heart Rate Monitor Digital Weight Scale Digital DVD Recorder Car IPv4/8 Blocks Available Addresses: IPv4 = 4x10^9 versus IPv6 = 3x10^38

3 3 Why IPv6 is not widely adopted today?  IPv6 requires a full IPv6 chain of communication  End-devices/Clients, e.g. cell phones, home devices  Service Providers, e.g. ISPs, Mobile Network Operators (MNOs)  Enterprises/Content Providers, e.g. external websites  Challenge  No backward compatibility  If one migrates before the other communication is broken!

4 4 Why is everyone talking about IPv6 now? IANA’s last IPv4 block issued on 02/01/2011! Demand accelerated & not abating. IANA’s last IPv4 block issued on 02/01/2011! Demand accelerated & not abating.

5 5 IPv6 has become a "hotter" topic  Service Providers impacted first (Carriers, ISPs, MNOs)  Most have been looking at transition solutions in the last months  Enterprises/Content Providers  External: Early deployments are happening, accelerating due to IPv4 depletion  Estimated only 0.15% of top 1 million web sites are available via IPv6  However some external websites are being enabled now  World IPv6 Day, June 8, 2011, is an example of increased attention   End-devices/Clients  IPv6 transition has been in the works for some time  E.g. Dual-Stack on Windows Vista & Windows 7, MacOS 10.x, iPhone, Android  Many devices with no, or limited, IPv6 support (earlier Windows versions, some game consoles, etc).  Co-existence is required!

6 6 The secret to seamless IPv6 transition?  There isn’t one…no panacea…no one solution fits all  Each solution has its own pros & cons

7 7 Service Providers

8 8 Service Provider Challenges Today  Main Challenges  IPv4 exhaustion, IPv4 addresses for new subscribers  No access to IPv6 content Typical ISPTypical MNO

9 9 Solutions to IPv4 exhaustion  NAT using Large Scale NAT (LSN also known as CGN)  Benefits of LSN  Fairness  Guaranteed NAT resources via user-quotas  Transparency  Minimum to no impact on most applications, including P2P applications  Still requires ALG for some applications, e.g. FTP, PPTP  Techniques using LSN  NAT44  NAT444  LSN can be mixed with other techniques  Encapsulation  DNS + NAT + Protocol Translation

10 10 NAT44 - LSN  Main SP interest:  Mobile Service Operators (MSO)  Usage:  Looked into/tested by most mobile service operators and already deployed by some  Goal:  Resolve IPv4 exhaustion quickly with minimal changes

11 11 NAT44 - LSN Pros:Cons:  Resolves IPv4 exhaustion (LSN/CGN)  Transparent to P2P applications (LSN/CGN)  No change in network or management/monitoring/billing tools  Does not provide IPv6 services access  Requires high performance NAT device

12 12 NAT444 - LSN  Main SP interest:  ISPs  Usage:  Looked into/tested by many ISPs  Goal:  Resolve IPv4 exhaustion quickly with minimal changes

13 13 NAT444 - LSN Pros:Cons:  Resolves IPv4 exhaustion (LSN/CGN)  No change in network or management/monitoring/billing tools  Does not provide IPv6 services access  IP addressing challenges, Double NAT  Requires high performance NAT device  Log Scaling

14 14 Solutions for Access to IPv6 Content  Dual-Stack IPv4 and IPv6  Encapsulation using 6-to-4 or 4-to-6  Techniques using encapsulation  6rd/6to4/6rd-PT  DS-Lite  DNS + NAT with Protocol Translation  DNS64/NAT64 Note: When combined with LSN (NAT44 or NAT444) can solve IPv4 exhaustion

15 15 Dual Stack + NAT with LSN  Main SP interest:  ISPs Note: Mobile Service Operators are not looking at this solution because of its cost  Usage:  Looked into/tested by some ISPs but few deployed today  Goal:  Resolve IPv4 exhaustion quickly with minimal changes  Provide IPv6 service access once core network is Dual-Stack (IPv4+IPv6) capable

16 16 Dual Stack + NAT with LSN Pros:Cons:  Resolves IPv4 exhaustion (LSN/CGN)  Provides IPv6 services with access to IPv6 clients (direct)  Increases OPEX / CAPEX  Requires Dual-Stack core network + IPv6 & IPv4 management/monitoring/billing tools  Requires Dual-Stack capable CPE / cell phones  Requires high performance NAT device

17 17 6rd (rapid deployment)  Main SP interest:  ISPs  Usage:  Looked into/tested by some ISPs and deployed by a few  Goal:  Provide IPv6 service access before Core Network IPv6 upgrade Note: Some ISPs look at combining 6rd with NAT444 + DNS64/NAT64

18 18 6rd (rapid deployment) Pros:Cons:  Provides IPv6 services with access to IPv6 clients (via IPv4 tunnel)  IPv4 service access same as today  Can be deployed in "baby steps"  No change in core network or management/monitoring/billing tools  Still requires high performance gateway device but less so than other solutions (stateless translation)  Does not resolve IPv4 exhaustion  Requires 6rd capable CPEs  Most cell phones do not support 6rd today  Extends time before migration of core network + management/monitoring/billing tools to IPv6. But IPv6 migration still required.

19 19 DS-Lite (Dual-Stack Lite) + NAT with LSN  Main SP interest:  ISPs  Usage:  Currently being evaluated by some ISPs but not deployed yet  Goal:  Provide IPv4 service access to IPv4 clients and IPv6 service to IPv6 clients without having a dual-stack SP network Note: Some ISPs look at combining DS-Lite with DNS64/NAT64

20 20 Dual-Stack Lite (DS-Lite) + NAT with LSN Pros:Cons:  Resolves IPv4 exhaustion  Provides IPv6 services with access to IPv6 clients (direct)  Provides IPv4 services with access to IPv4 clients (via IPv6 tunnels)  Can be deployed in "baby steps“  SP only needs to manage IPv6 stack  Easier Subscriber Address Management  Requires IPv6 core network + IPv6 management/monitoring/billing tools  Requires CPEs that are DS-Lite capable  Requires high performance NAT device

21 21 NAT64 / DNS64 with LSN  Main SP interest:  Mobile Service Operators  Some ISPs  Usage:  Looked into by many operators and expected to be deployed in production soon  Goal:  Once core network migrated to IPv6, provide IPv4 content access to IPv6-only clients

22 22 NAT64 / DNS64 with LSN Pros:Cons:  Provides access to IPv4 content for IPv6- only clients (via NAT64/DNS64)  Can be combined with other technologies such as 6rd, dual-stack, DS-Lite  Requires IPv6 core network + IPv6 management/monitoring/billing tools  Requires high performance NAT device

23 23 Enterprises/Content Providers

24 24 Enterprise/Content Provider Challenges  Main Challenges  No IPv6 services  IPv4 exhaustion, IPv4 addresses for new services Typical Enterprises/Content Providers today

25 25 Content Providers’ IPv6 migration paths SLB-PTNAT-PT (deprecated) Main Target AlwaysNone Content Provider Challenge solved IPv4 exhaustion  IPv6 Service Access IPv6-Only client access IPv4 TechnologyNAT + SLBNAT Pre-RequisiteData center with IPv6 access

26 26 NAT-PT (IETF deprecated) Pros:Cons:  Provides IPv6 services to IPv6 clients accessing existing IPv4 content (NAT- PT)  Requires DNS-ALG + NAT-PT capable device  Does not offer Load Balancing benefits (application scalability + high-availability)  Requires high performance NAT device

27 27 SLB-PT  Main interest:  Enterprise  Content Providers  Usage:  Looked into by many Enterprises / Content Providers and already deployed today at some accounts  Goal:  Offer IPv6 services quickly with minimal changes

28 28 SLB-PT Pros:Cons:  Provides IPv6 services to IPv6 clients for existing IPv4 content (SLB-PT)  Simple solution to implement, no server side changes  Offers Load Balancing benefits (application scalability + high-availability)  Supports a mix of IPv4 & IPv6 servers at the backend transparently  Requires SLB-PT capable load balancer  Loses client IP address information on servers when SLB-PT done Note: Most SLB vendors have a workaround for web applications.  Requires high performance NAT device

29 29 Several Technologies  Why are there so many technologies ?  All customer networks are different  No one technology fits all  Relatively new technologies  People are getting a feel for them and their applicability  Lot of flux  Different comfort levels  Different budgets No one implementation fits all

30 30 A10 Networks Introduction  Founded in 2004  Application Delivery Controllers (load balancing)  IPv6 Migration  As of 2011, A10 Networks:  Is the fastest growing company in the ADC market with 4,927% three-year sales growth  Is the technology and market leader in the new IPv6 Migration market with large scale live IPv6 deployments  Has customers in production for ADC and IPv6 migration  History of awards for A10’s IPv6 Solutions  A10 is not new to the party  IPv4/IPv6 at the Tokyo Interop ShowNet (for 4 years), IETF and NANOG meetings

31 31 Industry-leading Implementations  Working closely with large ISPs worldwide  Initial deployments now live  Solution evaluated and tested in ISP labs  Proven interoperability with DS-Lite client implementations  Nokia testing in 2009  Award winning implementation  LSN deployed in Tokyo Interop 2009 & 2010

32 32 AX Series Offers the Ideal Platform  Cost effective, high performance ACOS powered hardware.  ADCs/load balancers designed for NAT & store sessions  64-bit scalability, security and management  Very high session establishment rate & large number of concurrent sessions  Very high NAT Processing (packets per second) & throughput  Flexible platform as no one size fits all  Investment protection by quickly enabling new techniques  Visibility on public IP addresses consumption  Robust stateful high availability & hardware security and DDoS protection

33 33 Advanced Traffic Management  Leader in IPv6 migration technologies for Service Providers and Enterprises  Solutions in real world deployment today  Ensures rapid Internet growth can continue despite IPv4 address shortage  All-inclusive appliances

34 34 Thank You  More information at ipv6.a10networks.comipv6.a10networks.com  Uses the AX Series SLB-PT to translate all IPv6 requests to the public IPv4 website & back againwww.a10networks.com  We also offer full support the legacy IPv4 networks


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