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Cancer is not just one disease More than 200 different types of cancer have been identified What is cancer? CANCER.

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Presentation on theme: "Cancer is not just one disease More than 200 different types of cancer have been identified What is cancer? CANCER."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Cancer is not just one disease More than 200 different types of cancer have been identified What is cancer? CANCER

3 Defining cancer Cancer is an accumulation of abnormal cells that multiply through uncontrolled cell division and spread to other parts of the body by invasion and/or distant metastasis via the blood and lymphatic system MetastasisTumour growthNormal cellsAbnormal cells Invasion into surrounding tissues Uncontrolled cell division Spread via blood or lymphatic system

4 Incidence of cancer across the globe (2008, estimate) 1 1. Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C and Parkin DM. GLOBOCAN 2008 v2.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC Cancer Base No.10 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; Available from: accessed on 06/06/2013.

5 Changing prevalence of cancer Global cancer incidence and mortality rates continue to rise M 12.7 M 13.1 M 7.6 M CASESDEATHS M people living with cancer* 2 75 M predicted to be living with cancer 2 *Diagnosed in last 5 years GROWING AND AGEING POPULATION ADOPTION OF UNHEALTHY LIFESTYLES IMPROVEMENT IN DIAGNOSIS/SCREENING 1.Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C and Parkin DM. GLOBOCAN 2008 v2.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC Cancer Base No.10 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; Available from: accessed on 14/01/ The International Agency for Research on Cancer. World Cancer Report Available from: accessed on 06/06/2013.

6 Common cancers in men and women worldwide 1 1. Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C and Parkin DM. GLOBOCAN 2008 v2.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC Cancer Base No.10 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; Available from: accessed on 06/06/2013.

7 2.American Cancer Society. Global Cancer Facts and Figures 2nd Edition. Atlanta: American Cancer Society; Global cancer mortality Approximately 7.56 million people died from cancer in 2008, 1 accounting for 13% of all deaths (from any cause) 2 Lung, stomach, liver, colorectal and female breast cancers cause 50% of all cancer deaths 1


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