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Research you can use A Guide to Getting Published Stan Lee 李坦學 Regional Manager – Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam Tel: +886-(0)
Aims of the session To ‘demystify’ the publishing process To provide tips, insider knowledge and key questions to maximize your chances of publication To encourage you to publish with Emerald and some of you to go beyond publishing, e.g. reviewing, book reviewing, editorial roles Q&A session: ask anything! Follow-up: I’m always available to help
Emerald Group Publishing – company background Emerald Group Publishing Limited Founded in 1967 in Bradford, West Yorkshire, U.K. For academics by academics
Emerald Group Publishing – company background
Financial Times Top 100 Business Schools Over 90 of the FT top 100 business schools worldwide are Emerald customers We have authors from all of the FT top 100 business schools worldwide In 2010 the FT top 100 business schools worldwide downloaded Emerald articles 1.4m times – an average of 14,000 per school! Emerald is proud to say that:
Journals: Over 290 academic journals Ebook Series: More than 1,000 volumes from over 130 Book Series. –Business, Management & Economic Collection –Social Science Collection Emerging Markets Case Studies –Over 250 cases –Greater China, India, South East Asia…etc Backfiles –Volume 1 Issue 1 Emerald Publication
19th CEEMAN Case Writing Competition Deadline: 3 rd June ancase.htmhttp://www.emeraldinsight.com/research/awards/ceem ancase.htm
Emerald Journals: 13 subjects Accounting, Finance & Economics Business, Management & Strategy HR, Learning & Organization Studies Information & Knowledge Management Marketing Operations, Logistics & Quality Property Management & Built Environment Public Policy & Environmental Management Tourism & Hospitality Education Library Studies Engineering Health & Social Care
Emerald’s new journals on ISI As a publisher we work closely with our subject communities to launch high quality new journals in exciting and innovative fields A number of our recently launched journals have already been indexed by Thomson Reuters (ISI): Baltic Journal of Management (2006) Chinese Management Studies (2007) International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management (2009) China Agricultural Economic Review (2009)
Journal listing Journal of Service Management Management Decision European Journal of Marketing International Journal of Logistics Management Supply Chain Management International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management Internet Research Industrial Robot Rapid Prototyping Journal Sensor Review….
Emerald Group Publishing Keyword: emeraldinsight
Emerald’s publishing philosophy Emerald believe that good management can – must – make a better world Emerald believe in inclusivity, internationality, innovation and independence Supportive of scholarly research Committed to improving author, reader and customer experience ‘Research you can use’
Research that has an impact
Research you can use Journal publishing
Research Editorial supply chain and journal management structure: journals AuthorEditor Publisher/ Managing Editor ProductionUsers Quality research papers EAB and reviewers Solicits new papers Handles review process Promotes journal to peers Attends conferences Develops new areas of coverage The link between the publishing company and editor Helps editors succeed in their role and build a first class journal Overall responsibility for journal Promotion and marketing Attends conferences Handles production issues QA – sub-editing and proof reading Convert to SGML for online databases Print production Despatch Added value from publisher Access via library Hard copy Database Third party
Ideas: where to start Are you working on a Doctoral or Master’s thesis? Have you completed a project which concluded successfully? Are you wrestling with a problem with no clear solution? Do you have an opinion or observation on a subject? Have you given a presentation or conference paper? If so, you have the basis for a publishable paper
What journal should you submit to? A good choice of journal can enhance the impact of your work and your reputation. Which publications will reach the audience you want to share your research with? Thomson Reuters ISI is the most well known ranking, but others exist: Citations are a good, but not complete, guide to quality Usage is a better measure of utility Other factors to consider are recent articles, most communicative, societies and internationality, likelihood of acceptance, circulation, time from submission to publication Other Ranking system: e.g. SCOPUS etc Be strategic (e.g. five articles in ‘low’ ranked journals vs one in ‘top’ ranked journal)
Asian Education and Development Studies 《亞洲教育與發展研究》期刊 主編：莫家豪，香港教育學院署理副校長 未來發展重點在於亞洲區域性的議題，特別是教育改革與變 遷過程中，與社會、經濟、政治與人口相關的因素之探討， 跨學科、比較或國際導向的研究取向更是歡迎。 隨著亞洲新興國家的崛起，我們鼓勵廣泛教育發展的議題， 除了傳統的國際教育援助的主題之外，也希望看到更多亞洲 國家與其他國家的教育輸出與影響，例如當前中國在非洲的 教育援助等。
Target to avoid desk reject! “Many papers are rejected simply because they don’t fulfil journal requirements. They don’t even go into the review process.”
Target!! Identify a few possible target journals/series but be realistic Follow the Author Guidelines – scope, type of paper, word length, references style, etc Find out where to send your paper (editor, online submission e.g. Scholar One). Check author guidelines which can be found in a copy of the journal/series or the publisher’s web site Send an outline or abstract and ask if this looks suitable and interesting (or how it could be made so) Read at least one issue of the publication – visit your library for access Include a cover letter – opportunity to speak directly to the editor, convince them of the importance of your manuscript to the journal
Example cover letters with editor comments There are two useful things which should be included in a covering letter if relevant. 1.A statement of why the paper is being submitted to this journal, if it is a bit unusual, or outside the journal's usual scope. 2. A statement about any papers on similar topics being submitted elsewhere, whether or not these are referenced in the article. So a good covering letter dealing with these points would say: I am submitting this article to Journal of Documentation. You will see that it deals with public library management, which I appreciate is outside JDoc's normal scope. However, it focuses on the novel application of a theoretical model to the topic, and hence I think it is appropriate for JDoc. I am submitting an article with a similar title to 'Public Library Journal'. However, that article gives a series of case studies, rather than describing and applying the model, and so is quite distinct from the paper submitted here. I can send a copy of the PLJ paper if required.
Example cover letters with editor comments A 'bad' covering letter would be one which either gave a poor reason for submitting the paper to a particular, or which showed lack of understanding of the peer review process. An example would be: I am sending this article for you to publish in Journal of Documentation, after your editorial amendments. I have chosen JDoc to publish this paper, as it is a high-impact and well-regarded journal.
Considering co-authorship Where to find a co author Supervisor or colleague Conferences Journals Emerald Research Connections Benefits First time authors Demonstrates the authority and rigour of the research Especially useful for cross-disciplinary research
Considering co-authorship Tips Ensure the manuscript is checked and edited so that it reads as one voice Exploit your individual strengths Agree and clarify order of appearance of authors and the person taking on the role of corresponding author Distributing work Leader Extending your work
What makes a good paper? HINT: Editors and reviewers look for Originality – what’s new about subject, treatment or results? Relevance to and extension of existing knowledge Research methodology – are conclusions valid and objective? Clarity, structure and quality of writing – does it communicate well? Sound, logical progression of argument
What makes a good paper? HINT: Editors and reviewers look for Theoretical and practical implications Recency and relevance of references Internationality/Global focus Adherence to the editorial scope and objectives of the journal A good title, keywords and a well written abstract
Example of author guidelines Every journal has detailed notes and guidelines
Editing Service /index.htmhttp://www.emeraldinsight.com/authors/editing_service /index.htm
Plagiarism and referencing Plagiarism (from the Latin plagium meaning ‘a kidnapping’) is the act of taking someone else’s work and passing it off as your own (false attribution). It is considered fraud! Hard to detect with peer review but there are new tools to help us Emerald’s entire portfolio is included in iThenticate web-based software from iParadigms Emerald’s Plagiarism Policy can be seen at rism.htm rism.htm For more general information visit
Copyright As the author, you need to ensure that you get permission to use content you have not created for when you submit your manuscript otherwise this may delay your paper being published Supply written confirmation from the copyright holder when submitting your manuscript If permission cannot be cleared, we cannot republish that specific content More information including a permissions checklist and a permissions request form is available at:
How to increase electronic dissemination Use a short descriptive title containing main keyword – don’t mislead Write a clear and descriptive abstract containing the main keywords and following any instructions as to content and length Provide relevant and known keywords – not obscure new jargon Make your references complete and correct – vital for reference linking and citation indices All of this will make your paper more discoverable which means more dissemination and possibly more citation
Structured abstracts A structured abstract – in 250 words or less (no more than 100 in any one section) Purpose – Reasons/aims of paper Design – Methodology/’how it was done’/scope of study Findings – Discussion/results Research limitations/Implications (if applicable) – Exclusions/next steps Practical implications (if applicable) – Applications to practice/’So what?’ Social implications (if applicable) – Impact on society/policy Originality/value – Who would benefit from this and what is new about it?
Example of a good abstract Terry Evans, Ian Brailsford, Peter Macauley, (2011) "History researcher development and research capacity in Australia and New Zealand", International Journal for Researcher Development, Vol. 2 Iss: 2, pp.117 – 132 Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present data and discussion on history researcher development and research capacities in Australia and New Zealand, as evidenced in analysis of history PhD theses' topics. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on two independent studies of history PhD thesis topics, using a standard discipline coding system. Findings – The paper shows some marked differences in the Australian and New Zealand volumes and distributions of history PhDs, especially for PhDs conducted on non-local/national topics. These differences reflect national researcher development, research capacities and interests, in particular local, national and international histories, and have implications for the globalisation of scholarship. Research limitations/implications – Thesis topics are used as a proxy for the graduate's research capacity within that topic. However, as PhD examiners have attested to the significance and originality of the thesis, this is taken as robust. The longitudinal nature of the research suggests that subsequent years' data and analysis would provide rich information on changes to history research capacity. Other comparative (i.e. international) studies would provide interesting analyses of history research capacity. Practical implications – There are practical implications for history departments in universities, history associations, and government (PhD policy, and history researcher development and research capacity in areas such as foreign affairs). Social implications – There are social implications for local and community history in the knowledge produced in the theses, and in the development of local research capacity. Originality/value – The work in this paper is the first to collate and analyse such thesis data either in Australia or New Zealand. The comparative analyses of the two datasets are also original. Keywords: Australia, New Zealand, Doctoral theses, dissertations, Doctorates, History, PhDs, History PhD, Researcher development, Theses
Before you submit your article: your own peer review Let someone else see it – show a draft to friends or colleagues and ask for their comments, advice and honest criticism We are always too close to our own work to see its failings Always proof-check thoroughly – no incorrect spellings, no incomplete references. Spell checkers are not fool-proof Spot the error: “A knew research methodology introduced in 2007…”
Research you can use After submission
Timetable from submission to initial feedback to authors The Editor(s) do an initial read to determine if the subject matter and research approach is appropriate for the journal (approx. 1 week) The Editor(s) identify and contact two reviewers (approx. 1 week) Reviewers usually have 6-8 weeks to complete their reviews The Editor(s) assess the reviewers' comments and recommendations and make a decision (approx. 2 weeks) Expected time from submission to review feedback: months
Possible editor decisions You will be advised of one of three possible decisions: Accept Reject Revise
Reasons for rejection Not following instructions – author guidelines Lack of fit (‘why was it sent to this journal’?) Problem with quality (inappropriate methodology, not reasonably rigorous, excessively long) Insufficient contribution (does not advance the field, a minor extension of existing work, there is no ‘gap in our understanding’) Did you understand the “journal conversation”?
What if your paper is rejected? Don’t give up! Everybody has been rejected at least once Ask why, and listen carefully! Most editors will give detailed comments about a rejected paper. Take a deep breath, and listen to what is being said Try again! Try to improve the paper, and re-submit elsewhere. Do your homework and target your paper as closely as possible Keep trying!
Positive outcomes of rejection Incentive to improve your work Valuable feedback Good experience of how the system works
Don’t give up! Don’t be in the 16% who gave up
Request for revision A request for revision is good news! It really is You are now in the publishing cycle. Nearly every published paper is revised at least once Don’t panic! Even if the comments are sharp or discouraging, they aren’t personal “One Emerald author likes to let reviews sit for a week to let his blood pressure return to normal”.
How to revise your paper Acknowledge the editor and set a revision deadline If you disagree, explain why to the editor Clarify understanding if in doubt – ‘This is what I understand the comments to mean…’ Consult with colleagues or co-authors and tend to the points as requested Meet the revision deadline Attach a covering letter which identifies, point by point, how revision requests have been met (or if not, why not) For example “The change will not improve the article because…”
Example – agreeing with the reviewers comments Dear Editor, Let us open by thanking the two reviewers for their insightful comments. They gave us clear guidance and some positive critiques. Following their suggestions, we spent more time reading and came to the revision process better prepared. We enjoyed the process and think that the reviewers’ comments have tremendously affected the revised draft. Both reviewers should now clearly see the difference they made to the revised manuscript. In the following lines we detail the changes in line with the reviewers’ comments.
Example – agreeing with the reviewers comments. Reviewer: 1 Again, we would like to express our appreciation for your extremely thoughtful suggestions. As you will see below we have been able to revise and improve the paper as a result of your valuable feedback. You highlighted that we did not spend enough time discussing the implications of our arguments for current understandings of Drucker’s work. We agree with your suggestion and have added in two additional paragraphs in the conclusion (p.30-1), and a few comments within the paper (i.e p.11), that are devoted to outlining the implications of our analysis. We have kept our discussion brief to ensure we maintain the commitment to the appropriate page and word length, but what we do outline should make clear what this perspective on Drucker makes relevant for management practitioners and scholars alike.
Accept Congratulations!! Following a lot of hard work and at least one revision your paper has been accepted. “In all the years I have been an editor I have not accepted a single paper on first submission.” Typical editor comment
Research you can use Useful resources
Emerald supporting authors Dedicated editorial and author relations support staff Quality-assured copy-editing and production service Emerald Literati Network with more than 100,000 members Signatories of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Emerald is committed to protecting its authors’ work from copyright infringements ListAssist free to Emerald subscribers Journals EarlyCite Online Scholar One Manuscript Central submission process Complimentary journal issue and 3 months free access upon publication Online resources Books Marketing plan for your book including: Direct mail campaigns, leaflets and brochures, media and journal advertising Conference presence and promotion A landing page for your title on the Emerald website For ResearchersFor Authors How to… guides Outstanding Doctoral Research Awards Research Fund Awards Emerald Research Connections Case Study Competitions For Authors How to… guides Meet the Editor interviews and Editor news Editing service Annual Awards for Excellence Calls for Papers and news of publishing opportunities
Other useful resources (ISI ranking lists and impact factors)www.isiwebofknowledge.com (Anne-Wil Harzing's site about academic publishing and the assessment of research and journal quality, as well as software to conduct citation analysis)www.harzing.com (abstract and citation database of research literature and quality web sources)www.scopus.com (addresses, phone, and websites for a large number of journals as well as information on publication guidelines and review information)www.cabells.com (a general resource for academic writers, designed primarily with international students whose first language is not English in mind)www.phrasebank.manchester.ac.uk (impact toolkit)http://www.esrc.ac.uk
Talk to us, use us! Tell us how we can help you Give us feedback onlinefeedback online Use Emerald Management eJournals Write for us! For any answers you didn’t get today (or were too shy to ask) … Stan Lee 李坦學 Tel: +886 (0) !