13 Collect & Display Data 網路 資料收集到DB DB資料顯示 via Wired LAN via Wireless LANvia Telephone linevia Mobile communication GPRS/GSM資料收集到DBPHP, Java, etc. DBMS ReportVB, VC, BCB, etc. Report & ControlDB資料顯示Table, Chart, Picture for current / max / min / avg, etc.Table, Chart, Picture for History data.
16 Base Monitoring UnitReceives the transmitted data from the wireless remote sensing units, displays the current values, and alarm status. Pre-defined high or low temperature conditions trigger the red alarm indicators and the alarm sounds to notify you of the situation in real-time.
17 Wireless Remote Sensing Unit Measures the temperature and humidity value and transmits the data wirelessly to the local monitoring unit. It transmits the data over 400MHz radio frequency band and operates with 2Pcs AA batteries (included), which can be installed and replaced very easily by the end user. Battery life is 6 months. Remote units require a radiation shield.
19 Radiation ShieldProtect your sensor from rain, solar radiation, or other sources of heat that can distort measurements.
20 Spec Log® Crop Monitor Software Log weather data on your PC and produce the reports you need to manage plant growth. Reports include: T/RH Hours, DIF Temperature, Degree-Days, Daily and Monthly Summaries.
23 Weather station ET (Penman) Radiation Wind Rain T & H Soil temp Leaf wetnessEnable use of the actual/historical data to plan irrigation strategy for future situations
24 Field station transmitter Reliable and simpleBuilt-in battery for 5 yearNo external antennaRange – max :1-4 kmFrequency: 150 – 600 MHzBuilt-in interface for:Three TensiometersThree TDT Soil moistureWater meter / tipping bucketWeather stationOther digital or analog inputs150~600 MHz
25 Principles of Operation Data is sampled every 15 minutes and transmitted every 30 minutes to the base station.Wireless data transfer from the sensors to the collector or a PCDownloading the data from the collector or the PC via telephone line or cellularData processing and presentation for decision-making in real timeData collecting for historical analyses and research
26 Wireless data transfer Field StationSending range: Up to 1– 4 kmField CollectorTelephone lineCellular
27 Extending the Transmitting Range via the Repeater range 1- 4 kmRange: Up to 7– 10 kmRepeater
28 Remote accesses to data Local PCTelephone lineCellularField Collector
37 Spectrum Technology, Inc. Designed specifically for WatchDog stations, the low-power Spread Spectrum radio technology does not require an FCC license. You benefit by locating your station in an optimum microclimate to capture valuable weather data.System includes four AA rechargeable batteries (replaces the station's alkaline batteries), base station transceiver/antenna with power adapter, transceiver/antenna with solar power for the WatchDog station, and mounting hardware.900 MHz
38 WatchDog StationsModel 900ETEvapotranspiration (ET), solar radiation, wind speed/direction, wind chill, dew point, temperature, RH and rainfall. Three (3) available external sensor channels for leaf wetness, soil moisture or other sensors.Model 800 StationThis 8-channel data logging station is used for: Soil moisture measurement, Multiple sensor measurements, Microclimate and field research.Model 700 Weather StationWind speed/direction, temperature, RH and rainfall. Has four (4) available external sensor channels for soil moisture, soil temperature or leaf wetness sensorsModel 600 Weather StationWind speed/direction, temperature, and rainfall. Has four (4) available external sensor channels for soil moisture, soil temperature or leaf wetness sensorsModel 550 Weather StationPortable Station Lets You Document Real-Time Weather Conditions At Any Site. Includes wind speed/direction, temperature and RH.Model 525 Weather StationPortable Station Lets You Document Real-Time Weather Conditions At Any Site. Includes wind speed/direction and temperature.
39 Campbell Scientific, Inc. The CR205 Datalogger includes an on-board 915 MHz spread spectrum radio. The CR205's input channel configuration and small size is optimal for measuring one or two sensors.The CR215 Datalogger includes an on-board 2.4 GHz spread spectrum radio.The RF401 Spread Spectrum Radio has a 910 to 918 MHz operating frequency range, which is allocated to the US and Canada.The RF411 spread spectrum transceiver has an operating frequency range of 920 to 928 MHz, which is allocated to Australia/Israel.
51 Wireless PAN ZigBee433, 900 MHz, 2.4 GHz250 kbps
52 Star / Mesh / Cluster-Tree IEEE & ZigBee In ContextApplicationCustomer“the software”Network, Security & Application layersBrand managementIEEE“the hardware”Physical & Media Access Control layersAPISecurity32- / 64- / 128-bit encryptionZigBeeAllianceNetworkStar / Mesh / Cluster-TreeMACIEEEPHY868MHz / 915MHz / 2.4GHzSiliconStackApp
53 What is ZigBee? “Internet Everything” Your toaster gets an IP addressWireless standard formed by an alliance of industry leadersMotorola, Phillips, Samsung, Cisco… over 100 companies!!
54 LIGHT COMMERCIAL CONTROL ApplicationsBUILDINGAUTOMATIONCONSUMER ELECTRONICSsecurityHVACAMRlighting controlaccess controlTVVCRDVD/CDremotePC & PERIPHERALSpatient monitoringfitness monitoringPERSONAL HEALTH CAREZigBeeWireless Control thatSimply WorksmousekeyboardjoystickINDUSTRIALCONTROLRESIDENTIAL/LIGHT COMMERCIAL CONTROLasset mgtprocess controlenvironmentalenergy mgtsecurityHVAClighting controlaccess controllawn & garden irrigation
55 Revolution in Computer, Communication and MEMS Original IBM PC (1981)MICAZ Mote (2005)4.77 MHz4 MHzKB RAM128 KB RAM160 KB Floppies512 KB Flash~ $6K (today)~ $35~ 64 W~14 mW25 lb, 19.5 x 5.5 x 16 inch0.5 oz, 2.25 x 1.25 x 0.25 inch
76 Field Server of Japan Light Sensor PICNIC / Wireless LAN device CCD LED/FanHumidity & Temperature sensors
77 Field Server 架構 Accurate Measurement Sampling Cooling Air-temperature HumiditySamplingGas (CO2, NOx, SOx)InsectsMicrobesVirusDustsCooling
78 Field Server of Japan PICNIC card DDA Type FPAA Type 有較開放式的組成架構，系統性能可隨著市場零組件功能進步而發展，FS製作可以相當經濟容易結合IPv4 與web介面，架設與使用容易改變了傳統量測儀器之架構，前端只提供感測器原始量測之數位訊號開放式架構可彈性適用不同環境需求，在農業有很大的應用發展潛能體積相對較大功能之發揮依賴後端各類型應用軟體之開發
79 Field Server Engine DDS-type FPAA-type PICNIC 10 bit Ver.1.0 24 bit
80 Field Server Engine-PICNIC 10cm x 7cm內含10bits 解析度A/D轉換的單晶片微電腦PIC16F877，4點0-5V之間類比訊號輸入，輸出電壓範圍符合的感測器模組可直接連結，如溫度、濕度、日照、導電度、葉面濕度等4點的5V輸出、4點5V輸入乙太網路控制晶片RTL8019ASRS-232及RJ-45接頭，支援TCP、UDP等網路傳輸協定，內可設定一組IP，並提供WEB網頁介面，因此接上網路即可使用對於一般農業生產管理與環境量測大致足夠PICNIC(Programmable Interface Controller with Network Interface Card)
81 Specification of DDS-Type DDS: Direct Digital SynthesizerWeb serverDDS (1 Hz – 70 MHz)24bit-AD converter (8 ch)10bit AD converter (8 ch)10bit DA converter (1 ch)Power photo MOS relay(2 ch)Serial I/O (RS-232C)DC-DC converter(in: 4-34 V, out: 5 V)
82 Measurement by DDS Type ElementPhysical parameterHumidityRainfallLeaf wetnessSoil moistureECWater levelWater stressCapacitanceImpedanceDDＳMaterialAD-Conv.
83 Field Server Engine – FPAA型 MultiplierFPAAFieldProgrammableAnalogArray20 OP-AMPResistorCapacitorCross-bar SwitchSoil-moisture sensorEC sensorPlant moisture sensorHumidity sensorpH，Pressure，AccelerationInfrared-Visible LED/LDPhoto sensorMicrophone sensorSpeaker emitterRF antenna
85 Monitoring results created by Agent System Real-time dataLive CameraDatabase
86 Sample XML file and agent action get raw dataexchange dataAgent Programzoom & snapshotXML configuration file
87 Data Collecting Method FirewallFirewallPrivate network of FieldServersGlobal IPData gathering agent（Web crawler）FSGADSLPrivate IPFSGCATVGlobal IPVPNMobilePC-ClusterInternetProviderFSG: Field Server Gateway
88 Field Server of Japan Main page Monitoring page
90 Sensors: T & RH from Sensirion AG The temperature sensor and the humidity sensor together form a single unit.This also enables an accurate and point-precise determination of the dew point, without incurring errors due to temperature gradients between the humidity and the temperature sensors.Through the unique linkage of these sensor elements with the signal amplifier unit, the analog-to-digital converter, the calibration data memory, as well as the digital, bus-ready interface, all on a surface area of a few square millimeters.
94 Sensors: soil relatedAir or Soil Temperature sensor
95 Sensors: Soil related Tensiometer 張力計 Easy to install Easy to understand (centibar)Measures small soil samplesRequires continuous maintenance
96 Soil moisture sensor Volumetric water content Fast responds Robust & ReliableMaintenance freeMeasuring large soil volumeCan be operated in all crops
97 Soil moisture sensorThe Echo probe measures the dielectric constant of the soil in order to find its volumetric water content.Since the dielectric constant of water is much higher than that of air or soil minerals, the dielectric constant of the soil is a sensitive measure of water content.The ECHO probe has a very low power requirement and high resolution. This gives you the ability to make as many measurements as you want (even hourly) over a long period of time (like a growing season, for example), with minimal battery usage.
98 ECHO probe model EC-20 (20cm length) ECHO Probes: Models and SpecificationsECHO probe model EC-20 (20cm length)ECHO probe model EC-10 (10cm length
101 Dielectric Leaf wetness sensor The Dielectric Leaf Wetness Sensor, like its name implies, measures surface wetness by measuring changes in the dielectric on the sensor surface. Designed to mimic the thermodynamic properties of a leaf in shape and dimensions. Specifications are in development by Decagon Device, Inc.