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PEARL HARBOR THE DAY OF INFAMY December 7, 1941. Causes…  The U.S. demanded that Japan withdraw from China and Indochina.

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Presentation on theme: "PEARL HARBOR THE DAY OF INFAMY December 7, 1941. Causes…  The U.S. demanded that Japan withdraw from China and Indochina."— Presentation transcript:

1 PEARL HARBOR THE DAY OF INFAMY December 7, 1941

2 Causes…  The U.S. demanded that Japan withdraw from China and Indochina

3 Causes…  Japan thought that attacking the U.S. would provide them an easy win, and a territory with abundant land and resources to rule once they were victorious.

4 Causes…  The U.S. oil embargo against Japan was hurting Japan’s economy

5 Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Japan's best Admiral in World War II, planned the attack on Pearl Harbor Admiral Chuichi Nagumo Commander of a six Carrier Task Force during attack on Pearl Harbor

6 On Sunday, December 7th, 1941 the Japanese launched a surprise attack against the U.S. Forces stationed at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. By planning his attack on a Sunday, the Japanese commander Admiral Nagumo, hoped to catch the entire fleet in port. Japanese Carrier Akagi

7 As luck would have it, the Aircraft Carriers and one of the Battleships were not in port. (The USS Enterprise was returning from Wake Island, where it had just delivered some aircraft. (The USS Lexington was ferrying aircraft to Midway, and the USS Saratoga and USS Colorado were undergoing repairs in the United States.) U.S.S. Lexington

8 In spite of the latest intelligence reports about the missing aircraft carriers (his most important targets), Admiral Nagumo decided to continue the attack with his force of six carriers and 423 aircraft. At a range of 230 miles north of Oahu, he launched the first wave of a two-wave attack. Japanese Carrier Soryu

9 Beginning at 0600 hours his first wave consisted of 183 fighters and torpedo bombers which struck at the fleet in Pearl Harbor and the airfields in Hickam, Kaneohe and Ewa. The second strike, launched at 0715 hours, consisted of 167 aircraft, which again struck at the same targets. Japanese Zero Fighter

10 At 0753 hours the first wave consisting of 40 "Kate" torpedo bombers, 51 "Val" dive bombers, 50 high altitude bombers and 43 Zeros struck airfields and Pearl Harbor. Within the next hour, the second wave arrived and continued the attack. Japanese “Kate” Torpedo Bomber

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12 Japanese Pilots Are Briefed Before Take Off To Attack Pearl Harbor - December 7, 1941

13 Japanese Torpedo Planes Taking Off To Begin The Attack On Pearl Harbor

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17 Cruisers Battleships

18 Japanese aerial photo of the torpedo attack on Battleship Row, December 7, 1941

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22 USS Arizona

23 Torpedo exploding into USS West Virginia, as seen from Japanese plane

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26 U.S.S. Shaw Explodes

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38 USS Arizona

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54 U.S.S. West Virginia Burns After Attack

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61 USS Arizona Burning: 1,100+ servicemen died on the ship

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69 Battleship U.S.S. Arizona, once one of the largest in the world, resting at the bottom of Pearl Harbor after the devastating Japanese bombing attack on Dec. 7, 1941.

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83 U.S.S. Nevada Makes A Run For The Sea

84 Japanese warplanes will see the Nevada and savagely attack the Battleship before she makes it out of the harbor.

85 U.S.S. Nevada Beached During Attack

86 U.S.S. Nevada Refloated Headed For Repairs

87 U.S.S. Nevada Damage

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93 USS Utah took a torpedo hit and capsized early in the battle. The wreck remains at Pearl Harbor

94 Japanese Midget Submarine sunk by the U.S.S. Monaghan after being raised

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96 Midget submarine HA-19 ashore on Oahu

97 Wreckage of a midget sub recovered from Keehi Lagoon in 1960

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99 Japanese Casualties Japan -L-L-L-Less then 100 men planes midget submarines

100 U.S. losses were: Casualties USA: 218 KIA, 364 WIA. USN: 2,008 KIA, 710 WIA. USMC: 109 KIA, 69 WIA. Civilians: 68 KIA, 35 WIA. TOTAL: 2,403 KIA, 1,178 WIA.

101 Battleships USS Arizona (BB-39) - total loss when a bomb hit her powder magazine. USS Oklahoma (BB-37) - Total loss when she capsized and sunk in the harbor. USS California (BB-44) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired. USS West Virginia (BB-48) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired.

102 Battleships USS Nevada - (BB-36) Beached to prevent sinking. Later repaired. USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) - Light damage. USS Maryland (BB-46) - Light damage. USS Tennessee (BB-43) Light damage. USS Utah (AG-16) - (former battleship used as a target) - Sunk not able to repair.

103 Cruisers USS New Orleans (CA-32) - Light Damage. USS San Francisco (CA38) - Light Damage. USS Detroit (CL-8) - Light Damage. USS Raleigh (CL-7) - Heavily damaged but repaired. USS Helena (CL-50) - Light Damage. USS Honolulu (CL-48) - Light Damage.

104 Destroyers USS Downes (DD-375) - Destroyed. Parts salvaged. USS Cassin (DD-372) - Destroyed. Parts salvaged. USS Shaw (DD-373) - Very heavy damage. USS Helm (DD-388) - Light Damage.

105 Minelayer USS Ogala (CM-4) - Sunk but later raised and repaired. Seaplane Tender USS Curtiss (AV-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired.

106 Light Cruisers USS Vestal (AR-4) Severely damaged but later repaired. USS Sotoyomo (YT-9) Sunk but later raised and repaired. Aircraft 188 Aircraft (destroyed) (96 USN and 92 U.S. Army Air Corps.)

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108 Effects/Outcome  Japan dealt a seemingly crippling blow to the U.S. Pacific fleet (U.S. Pacific Fleet aircraft carriers: (U.S. Pacific Fleet aircraft carriers: Lexington, Enterprise, & Saratoga were Lexington, Enterprise, & Saratoga were not in port) not in port)  Japan began their quest for a Pacific empire

109 Effects/Outcome  The U.S. finally was forced to join World War II (“The Sleeping Giant was awakened”)  The U.S. & Great Britain declare war on Japan (Dec. 8, 1941)  Germany & Italy declare war on the U.S. (Dec. 11, 1941)

110 December 8, 1941 FDR Speech “Yesterday, Dec. 7, A date which will live in infamy – the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” FDR Infamy Speech FDR Infamy Speech

111 Pearl Harbor Today

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117 U.S.S. Missouri Japanese sign the instrument of surrender aboard in Tokyo Bay U.S.S. Arizona Memorial

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119 December 7 th, 1941, a Date That Will Live in Infamy

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124 Works Cited     ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/hi/military/pearl.txt ftp://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/hi/military/pearl.txt       Visit For 100’s of free powerpoints


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