4DEPOT OPERATION Receipt, Storage & Distribution Receipt operation (PLT, TW, TT, coastal)M&R Of facilities – tanks, Pumps, Fire Fighting facilitiesTTL Planning & LoadingSafety & SecurityQCAccounting/Finance
5TANK TRUCK OPERATIONS Lining up of tanks for each product Product wise sampling of gantry products in each shift & whenever there is switchoverMorning density/bi-hourly densityWater dips of tanksSKO releases after visual, density & flash point checkPresence of blue dye (25 ppm), Petrol Plus (290/600 ppm), Diesel Plus(460/560 ppm), Marker (5ppm), Ethanol (5%) to be ensuredMentioning tank no, 15oC density, lock no & time of releaseTT locking
6TANK TRUCK UNLOADINGCheck date & time of TT loading & reporting at OutletCheck condition of lockingCompartment-wise sampling, TT retention sampleVerify density, dips & top-up compartment-wiseShortage to be endorsed compartment-wise duly acknowledged by TT driverDecide on tank to receive based on ullageProvide bonding between TT & tank & keep FEs handyAvoid vehicular movement around decantation areaEnsure supervision of unloading
7TT – KNOWN MALPRACTICES Hidden Chambers in compartmentsUse of duplicate dip rodsInserting another closed pipe in dip pipeHidden connection between compartment & fuel tankLoose security fittings (valve wheel, flanged connections, broken rings on manhole hinge, loose manhole hingesUse of threaded dip pipe connectionUnder calibration (Automated locations)Removal of nut of top manhole and siphoning using a plastic pipe
8OPERATIONS – ROLE OF SALES OFFICER Familiarity with Depot StaffKnowledge of Depot loading facilities, tankage, pumping capacityKnowledge of any constraints in the DepotLiaison with TTL Officer on daily basisKnowledge of routes for TTsEnsure that the dealers follow the prescribed payment termsInforming RO for any change in en-route leviesCoordination for dealer indents
9OPERATIONS – ROLE OF SALES OFFICER Providing tankage at Retail Outlets in line with requirementVerification of security lock key and its proper handlingHandling any quality issue as per MDG/TDGVerification/preparation of CMR correctlyFor DO based supplies, rates to be checked with Zonal ratesPeriodic review & updation of R&D masterAct as a link between Depot & DealerChecking adequacy of Bank Guarantee/enhancement
10SECURITY LOCKING Unique locks for each Retail Outlet Suppliers: Sterna Security (Abloy) & GodrejCost of Locks: (Abloy–Rs 1698/-, Godrej- Rs 983/-)Dealers provided with 2 dealer specific keys; one key for operation; 2nd key as spare.Master key with supply locationReplacement of defective locks and worn out keys is only through supply location.Loss of key or locks should be promptly reported to supply location and FIR lodged.Dealer must return the TT in a locked condition (at bottom as well as top dome cover).
11TRANSPORT CONTRACTS Finalised supply location-wise Duration: 2 years extendable by one year at Corporation’s discretionTTs requirement prepared by supply location (SOs should liaise with location for requirement for their area including volume growth)Dealers owning TTs allowed to use their TT for their own load provided they participate in public tenderAge of TT for operating under contract years ( 8 years in case of Mumbai)Dealers are given concessions for EMD, Security Deposit etc. in the tender
12TRANSPORT CONTRACTS Rates Schedule: Local (FDZ) - Rs/KL(upto 39RTKM) Outside FDZ (within state) - Ps/KLKMAdjoining states - Ps/KLKMOther states - Ps/KLKMBooking of shortage:MS/HSD – RSP of loading or receiving location, whichever is more & transportation charges for short deliverySKO – Industrial selling rate at loading or receiving location, whichever is more & transportation charges for short delivery
13TRANSPORT CONTRACTSTT must have one 10 Kg DCP and one 1 Kg DCP/CO2 Fire Extinguisher (BIS mark)TT must carry electricallly continuous rubber (not plastic) hose and an earthing wire with crocodile clips at both ends for unloadingTank truck should have security locking system as prescribedTT will have to follow prescribed route only for delivery of load to a customerIn case of accident while carrying load, transporter will be responsible for informing loading & receiving location and to lodge FIR, salvaging and delivery of product / shifting contaminated product to location. All expenses to be borne by transporter.
14TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES New guidelines applicable wefTDG forms part of Transport ContractApplicable for all delivered supplies including bridgingCarrier to provide TT fit to carry petroleum productsCarriers to provide product sealing, locking, electronic locking system as advised by oil companiesCarrier to ensure VMU along with fittings & fixtures installed in TT for tracking is always kept in working condition.
15TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES Tank Lorry Accident :Crew to inform nearest Police Station and all concernedArrange transfer of product in another fit vehicle after approval from supply locationCarrier to lodge FIR and submit accident report to base location. Non lodging of FIR and non reporting to location will be construed as a malpractice1Lit x3 (1 Lit x 6 in case of MS) TMB samples shall be drawn from each compartment in presence of carrier/ crew. Locking/sealing of TT and sample containers and signing shall be done jointly by location & carrier/ TT crew. One set each shall be kept by Carrier and location and one shall be sent to Lab.Further disposal of product shall be based on Lab testing.
16TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES Marker failure in TT sampleTT will be detained & loading location and Sales Officer will be informed.Marker test in presence of TT crew / CarrierIf product still fails, draw 1Lit x3 (1 Lit x 6 in case of MS) samples from each compartment in presence of carrier/ crew & dealerJoint signing & sealing of sample containers and signing of sample tags in presence of carrier/ TT crew and dealer. One set each shall be kept by Carrier and dealer and one set shall be retained by SO/location.Prepare joint statement signed by all present mentioning compartment wise observed density and result of marker test
17TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES TT would be sealed by SO/location and sent for disposal as directedLocation sample to be tested for marker. If location sample is passing, action will be taken against transporter.For other compartments of TT, where marker test was passing, another set of samples will be sent for testing.
18TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES Failure of Retail Outlet Sample in MarkerIf retail outlet product is found failing in marker test, retained tank lorry sample kept at the Retail Outlet shall be checked for marker. Dealer & carrier will be informed in advance to give them opportunity to witness testing.If retained tank lorry sample also fails, the location sample will be tested for marker. If location sample passes, action will be taken against the carrier.In all cases where the retail outlet sample is found to be off-spec, the product will have to be sent to the nearest refinery and entire cost will be borne by the party responsible; dealer or transporter.
19TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES Security System found tampered at OutletTT will be detained & and Sales Officer / loading location will be informed.SO/loading location will draw 1Lit x4 ( 8 in case of MS) samples from each comp. in presence of carrier/ crew & dealer. Sample containers shall be sealed and tags signed jointly with carrier/ TT crew and dealer. One set shall be sent to Lab, one each given to Carrier and dealer retaining fourth set.A Joint statement shall be prepared and signed by all present mentioning compartment wise observed densityTT shall be sealed and further disposal shall be based on Lab report.
20TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES If density at 15Deg C is more than +/- 3 Kg/Cu mTT will be detained & and Sales Officer / loading location will be informed.SO/loading location will draw 1Lit x4 ( 8 in case of MS) samples from each comp. in presence of carrier/ crew & dealer. Sample containers shall be sealed and tags signed jointly with carrier/ TT crew and dealer. One set shall be sent to Lab, one each given to Carrier and dealer retaining fourth set.A Joint statement shall be prepared and signed by all present mentioning compartment wise observed densityTT shall be sealed and further disposal shall be based on Lab report.
21TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES MALPRACTICESTampering with standard fittings of TT including sealing, security locks/locking system, calibration, VMU or its fittings/fixturesUnauthorised deviation from specified route, Unauthorised delay, Unauthorised en-route stoppage, not reaching destination, over-speeding.Unauthorised use of TT for products other than petroleum products for which it is engagedEntering into contract on forged document/ false infoEntering agreement for same TT with other CoPilferage/short receipt of productAny act of carrier affecting image of Co/products/servicesIrregularity under WM ActNot lodging of FIR in case of accident, submitting accident report
22TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES DELIBERATE ATTEMPTTT caught for malpractice shall be immediately suspended. Investigation shall be carried out.On investigation, if it is proved that TT crew alone is responsible for malpractice, particular TT will be black-listed along with TT crew. However, if complicity of carrier is revealed, whole contract comprising of all TTs of party shall be terminated and TTs shall be blacklisted on industry basis.Upon second incidence of proven malpractice during tenure of contract, whole contract comprising of all TTs of party shall be terminated and TTs shall be blacklisted industry basis even though, the complicity of carrier is not proved.Period of blacklisting shall be 2 yrs. Depending on seriousness of incident, carrier/TT can be banned permanently.
23TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES PENALTIES:Suspension/blacklisting shall be along with TT crew.Unauthorised deviation from standard route:I instance: Suspension of TT for a week.II instance: Suspension of TT for 1 monthIII instance: TT shall be blacklisted on industry basisNot wearing seat belt, unauthorised stoppage enroute, driving without helper:I instance: Suspension of TT for a dayII instance: Suspension of TT for a weekIII instance: Suspension of TT for a monthIV instance: TT shall be blacklisted on industry basisNon-functioning TT Extinguisher:II instance: Suspension of TT for one week
24TRANSPORT DISCIPLINE GUIDELINES Polluting environment due to product spillage from tilting orleaky vehicle on road in case of accident/unsafe driving:I instance: Suspension of TT for a monthII instance: TT shall be blacklisted on industry basisAccident involving injury or damage to facilities at workplace or accident involving injury during transportation on the road:I Instance: Suspension of TT for a monthII instance: Suspension of TT for 3 monthsIII instance: TT shall be blacklisted on industry basisFatal accident at the work place:TT shall be blacklisted on industry basisFatal accident on the road:I instance: Suspension of TT for 6 months
26VEHICLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: Q&Q EFFORTSVEHICLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM:OMC is the first in Oil Industry to introduce VMS system and the only company among Oil PSUs to have Electrical Sealing System.System facilitates monitoring of tank truck movement from depot to retail outlet and back on real time basis to ensure delivery of correct quantity and quality (Q&Q) of product.Possibility of locating position of TT and communication with TT help improve overall operational efficiency.Currently system provided for all Co TTs and dealer-owned TTs. System being provided on all contractor’s TTs.
27VEHICLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM GPS SatelliteGSM NetworkVEHICLE MOUNTING UNITBase StationVEHICLE MOVEMENT IS IDENTIFIED OVER AREA MAPS (GIS) THROUGH GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM AND THROUGH MOBILE COMMUNICATION (GSM) TO BASE COMPUTER
28COMPONENTS OF VMS GPS (Global Positioning System) GSM (Global System for Mobile communication)GPRS (Global Packet Radio Service)VMU (Vehicle Mounted Unit)GIS (Geographical Information System)Electric Seal Monitoring System with SensorsSoftware Application
29VEHICLE MOUNTED UNIT (VMU) COMPONENTS :GPS (GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM CONNECTING TOSATELLITE),GSM (GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION)SOFTWARE FOR LINKING GPS / GSM WITH GIS(GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM) FOR DATAAND VOICE TRANSFER TO BASE STATION .
30MIS REPORTS Speed Violation Report Operating Duration Report Route ReportHalt ReportDistance Traveled ReportTrip-wise Distance Traveled ReportSeal Status Report to monitor the change in seal status during a specified time interval
32OPERATION OF SEAL MONITORING SYSTEM Dome cover openDome cover closedHingeProximity SensorWire to VMUDiagram above shows status of seal monitoring sensors when Dome cover is closed and open. As shown in figure, in closed condition, metal part will be in contact with proximity sensor. In dome opened condition, no metal part will be in contact with proximity sensor. If no metal is sensed, corresponding input will be send to VMU.
33MARKER DOPING Supplied by M/s SGS at all the Marketing locations. Marker - A chemical added to SKO to detect adulteration in MS/HSD.Supplied by M/s SGS at all the Marketing locations.Doping - Either in SKO storage tanks or mixed with blue dye, wherever blue dye is added separatelyVery sensitive. Can detect even 1% presence of SKO.Special precautions are taken by locations to ensure that the marked SKO is not mixed with MS/HSD at any stage viz. TTs normally used for transportation of SKO are not to be used for MS/HSD transportation.The product collected in OWS/Slop should not be allowed to mix with product in tanks.Doping rate 5 ppm (5 ml per KL or 5 lit per 1000 KL)
34Test Fuel 1. PRINCIPLES Mark Field Test Lab Test Kerosene EXTRACTION CONTAINING MARKERCAPTUREANTIBODIESBOUND TOGELTest FuelMarkMARKER IDENTIFIED OR ANALYSEDField TestAuthentix’s technology is based on molecular recognition of a chemical marker, which can be though of as a lock, by a specific recognition molecule, the key. The chemical marker is introduced into the product in trace level when the product is manufactured. The specific recognition molecule is used in the test kit. Authentix’s innovative technology is patented, proven, and provides a highly secure means of marking products.Lab TestKerosene
35Mark Kerosene at Terminals. Test for marker - at Retail outlets - at other targeted sitesMS/HSD at DepotRetail Outlet ProductObserve Colouron ColumnKerosene .Retail Outlet ProductAdulteration
36“On-Site” Analysis Test Kit Sample Bottles :- These are Aluminium bottles to draw samples at Terminal / Retail Outlets.Extraction Buffer :- To extract marker molecules from the product.Extraction Bottles :- To mix product sample & Extraction buffer.Syringes :- To push extracted liquid through Test Column.Test ColumnsAdapters :- For Fitting Test Column on Syringes.Column reuse – upto 20 times (-ve results)
38ETHANOL BLENDED PETROL (GASOHOL) Gasoline blended with Ethyl AlcoholBoost to the Agricultural Sector.Helps in improving air quality.Improvement in Octane rating.Saving of valuable foreign exchangeHigher conductivity results in lower risk of static chargeAt present ethanol is 5% by volume with MSDenaturant is added by supplier before supplying Ethanol to oil companies
39GASOHOL ADDITIVES ETHANOL * Strong oxidizing agent. * Accelerates metal corrosion.* Tends to speed up the gum formationCorrosion inhibitor : 10 ppm in MS. (200 ppm in Ethanol)Metal de-activator : 5 ppm in MS. (100 ppm in Ethanol)Additives are mixed in ethanol tank.Additised Ethanol doped in MS.Absence of additives in Gasohol may lead to severe problems in end-use.Totally soluble in water
40ETHANOL -Precautions Ensure that there is no water in MS tanks Check tanks for presence of water dailyUse Silica gel trap in vent pipeAll threaded fittings of tank/piping system to be water tightFill pipe/dip pipe must be raised sufficiently high to prevent ingress of waterSilica gel should be checked weekly. Normal colour of Silica Gel is blue. After moisture absorption, it turns pink.
42SAMPLING PROCEDURESSecuring representative quantities from a part or from the whole of a quantity of material for:Visual examination / short tests.Laboratory inspection.Preservation of records.For purpose of calculating weight or volume.
43TYPES OF SAMPLES 1 All level sample Closed sampler to be submerged and opened near draw off level and raised at a uniform rate such that it is nearly full when it comes out.2Top sampleDrawn below 15 cms. From top surface of product.3Upper sample1/6th of the depth of product below top surface in a tank.4Middle sample½ Of the depth of product below top surface in a tank.5Lower sample5/6th of the depth of product below top surface in a tank.
44SAMPLING AIDS. TYPES OF SAMPLES 6 Composite sample Mixture of equal quantity of upper – middle – lower samples. (>12’)Upper & lower samples (6’ – 12’).Middle sample (<6’).7Bottom sampleSample taken from lowest part of the tank.SAMPLING AIDS.Sampling jarBottom sampling thief.
45GENERAL PRECAUTIONS FOR SAMPLING Samples shall not include material other than that to be sampled.Only aluminium containers should be used and should be sealed.3. Sample should be drawn using proper sampling equipment.4. Samples shall be drawn through gauge hatches or sampling hatches giving direct and unconfined access to the bulk of the product.5. Hydrometers/thermometers used during sampling should be calibrated and valid caliberation certificate should be available.
46GENERAL PRECAUTIONS FOR SAMPLING 6. Strainers and filters shall not be used in preparation of samples.7. Use clean and dry container and equipment, container should not be leaky.8. Use separate sampling equipment for each product.9. Rinse equipment and container prior to filling with the same product.10. Leave expansion space.
47GENERAL PRECAUTIONS FOR SAMPLING 11. Close container tightly12. Attach appropriate labels to containers with all details on the spot.13. Seal the container in presence of party concerned.14. In case of MDG samples, samples should reach lab within 10 days.15. In case of MDG samples, 3-tier samples should be sent together.
48SPECIFICATIONS ALL FUELS & SOLVENTS MEET ISI SPECS. PETROL IS 2796 – 2000*SKO ISHSD ISLDO ISIFO ISSOLVENT ISSOLVENT ISHEXANE ISATF ISFINIT IS 1824 – 1978* WITH AMENDMENT IN 2005
49BIS Specifications for Motor Gasoline IS:2796-2000 CharacteristicsUnitBS II RequirementEuro III RequirementColourOrangeDensity at 15 deg. Ckg/m3710 to 770720 to 775Distillation.a)Recovery upto 70oC%vol10 to 45b)Recovery upto 100oC40 to 70c)Recovery upto 180 deg. C90 min75 min (Recovery upto 150 deg.)d)Final boiling pointDeg C215 max210 max
50BIS Specifications for Motor Gasoline (Contd) IS:2796-2000 CharacteristicsUnitBS II RequirementEuro III Requiremente) Residue%vol2 maxResearch Octane Number (RON)88 min.91 min.Sulphur total%wt0.05 max for notified area0.015 max0.10 max for the restCopper strip corrosion for 3 hrs at 50 deg. CRatingNot worse than 1
51BIS Specifications for Diesel IS:1460-2005 CharacteristicsUnitBS II RequirementEuro III RequirementCetane number----51.0 min.Pour PointDeg. CWinter + 3 max.Winter + 3 maxCopper strip corrosion for 3 h at 100 deg. CNot worse than 1Distillation recoverya)At 350 deg. C% v/v85 min.95 min. (Recovery at 360 deg.)b)At 370 deg. C95 min.---Flash Point (Abel)35 min.
52BIS Specifications for Diesel (Contd.) IS:1460-2005 CharacteristicsUnitBS II RequirementEuro III RequirementKinematic Viscosity at 40dg. CCst2.0 to 5.02.0 to 4.5Density at 15 deg. CKg/m3820 to 860820 to 845Total sulphurmg/kg500 max350 max
54COLOUR Used For Manufacturing Control Purposes. Readily Observed By Customer.Variation Beyond Established Range Indicates Contamination/Adulteration
55PHYSICAL TESTS APPEARANCE Appearance : Visual ObservationBright & Clear : Good Product, Free from ContaminationHazy/Cloudy : Presence Of Sediment, water and/or Wax
56DISTILLATIONThe Significance Of Distillation Is Based On Close Relationship To Volatility- Helps Detection Of Adulteration Of Product
57DISTILLATION TEMPERATURES INITIAL BOILING POINT (IBP)The temperature at which the first drop of distillate is collected in the measuring cylinder.END POINT OR FINAL BOILING POINT (FBP)The highest temperature recorded during the distillation process.DRY POINTThe temperature at which the last drop evaporates and the distillation flask becomes dry during the distillation process.
58DISTILLATION TEMPERATURE (continued) RECOVERYThe total volume of distillate recovered in the cylinder.RESIDUEMaterial remained in the flask after distillation. If residue is high it gives the indication of impurity.
59FLASH POINTImportant Indication Of Fire And Explosion Hazard
60FLASH POINTIt is the temperature to which the oil must be heated under specified test conditions to give off sufficient vapours to form a mixture which will ignite in the presence of a source of ignitionFlash point test gives an indication of presence of volatile components in an oil.
61POUR POINTAn indicator of the ability of oil to flow under cold operating conditions
62POUR POINTPour Point: The lowest temperature at which oil will just flow under specific test conditions.It's use is for low temperature application.Pour Point of waxy oils can be reduced by adding Pour Point Depressants (PPD)Pour Point Controls Flow Characteristics And Pumpability Property
63VISCOSITY Viscosity: A measure of fluid’s resistance to flow. Viscosity and its variation with temperature are important factors for establishing performance standard of lube oils
64VISCOSITY Measure Of Flow Characteristics. Viscosity Changes With Temperature.It Forms By The Cohesion Of Force Of Molecules.As The Pressure Increases Viscosity Increases.Viscosity Increase In Used Oil Indicates The Oil Has Oxidised.Viscosity Decrease Usually Indicates Fuel Dilution .
65RESEARCH OCTANE NUMBER A measure of fuel’s ability to prevent detonation in A spark ignition engine
66OCTANE NO... Product Min requirement BS II MS 88 Euro III MS 91 If anti-knock rating is too low knock occurs. Knock is A high pitch metallic rapping noise.Knock depends on complex physical and chemical phenomena; highly inter-related with engine design and operating conditions.
67OCTANE NO...Knock – A form of abnormal combustion where air/fuel charge in the cylinder ignites spontaneously in a localised area instead of being consumed progressively by the spark initiated flame front.Knocking combustion can damage the engine and give serious power loss if allowed to persist.
69WHY BEING DONE Tighter Emission Norms Changes In Engine Designs Changes In Metallurgy Of The EngineUse Of Cat ConvertorsFuel EfficiencyIncreased Power
70ALL THIS HAS LED TO Decreased Fuel Stability Decreased Compatibility Increased Octane RequirementsPoor Driveability And DurabilityExtended Refineries And Technology Of Refining To Maximum
71PETROL PLUS DESCRIPTION Premium Multifunctional Additive for Petrol FUNCTIONSKeeps Fuel Injectors and Carburetors free of gum and carbondepositsKeeps the intake valves,spark plugs,fuel pump and other fuelsystem components free of any deposits.Cleans up the existing deposits from the engineMaintains accurate injection spray pattern.RECOMMENDED DOSAGE290 ml per KL of Petrol600 ml per KL of GasoholDosing is done preferably using on-line dosing system
73DIESEL PLUS Dosing is done on-line DESCRIPTION Premium Multifunctional Additive for DieselAPPLICATION AREASRecommended for use with Diesel Fuel in all types of diesel vehiclesSPECIAL FEATURESReduced Exhaust EmissionsImproved Fuel EconomyImproved Fuel Stability during StorageImproved Lubricity particularly in low sulphur dieselsCorrosion ProtectionEasy water separability from fuel.RECOMMENDED DOSAGE460/560 ml per KL of DieselDosing is done on-line
74BENEFITS Improved Fuel Economy Fuel Injection Cleanliness Improved Fuel StabilityReduced Exhaust EmissionsDispersancy For Insoluble GumImproved LubricityCorrosion ProtectionPrevention Of Stable Fuel Water EmulsionsReduction In Foam