Presentation on theme: "Homework Q3 1Reasons why these differences exist are varied. Countries like S Korea are newly industrialised and due to their stable governments, large."— Presentation transcript:
Homework Q3 1Reasons why these differences exist are varied. Countries like S Korea are newly industrialised and due to their stable governments, large cheap flexible work forces have been able to attract TNCs like Nike and Reebok into their countries. Many NICs have a rich natural resource base like Malaysia which has tin and rubber. Others like Singapore have a great Geographical position and natural harbour for trading. Some countries suffer from low levels of development due to natural disasters, like Ethiopia suffers from periodic droughts leading to crop failure, famine and malnutrition. Bangladesh suffers from flooding which destroys much of the infrastructure and disrupts food supplies. Other countries suffer from civil wars e.g. Sudan and Iraq, where money is diverted towards spending on weapons. Countries like Saudi Arabia have inflated GNPs because they are oil rich. Some countries like Thailand encourage the tourist industry which has provided a vast number of jobs and economic opportunities. Countries like S Korea are paid money by foreign governments to have militery bases on their land.
(b) There is a clear difference in the provision of social services between rural and urban areas of Brazil. The Amazon is remote and isolated with low population densities making it less cost effective to provide clean piped water and health centres. There is natural water sources which the population can access e.g. river, streams and lakes. There is little political will in these areas to provide social services as these areas have no political influence due to the smaller population density. Rural areas contribute less to the GDP because of subsistence activities, so MNCs have little interest in investing and consequently limited development happens in rural areas. Meanwhile the Urban area of the Golden Triangle in SE Brazil, namely Belo Horizonte, Sao Paulo and Rio De Janeiro has much better provision of social services. This is because political power is centred in urban areas, which allows large scale projects to implemented quicker and greater government funding available. Urban areas are planned over a period of time, so buildings have piped water and sanitation. Cities tend to attract foreign businesses, which means there is a greater need for better infrastructure: hotels, factories and embassies.
(d) Methods used to control the disease; local populations use mosquito nets covered in insecticides to prevent biting and to kill the mosquito. Burning of breeding sites to kill the habitat for the mosquito. Cover water surfaces with egg whites, this suffocates the mosquito larvae. Use of pesticides, e.g. DDT, used to kill the mosquito.