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California gold rush 1849. JOHN SUTTER’S MILL Mexican Land Grant Mexican Land Grant 50,000 acres in California 50,000 acres in California Dream – estate.

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Presentation on theme: "California gold rush 1849. JOHN SUTTER’S MILL Mexican Land Grant Mexican Land Grant 50,000 acres in California 50,000 acres in California Dream – estate."— Presentation transcript:

1 California gold rush 1849

2 JOHN SUTTER’S MILL Mexican Land Grant Mexican Land Grant 50,000 acres in California 50,000 acres in California Dream – estate in the wilderness Dream – estate in the wilderness 18,000 head of horse, cattle, pigs, etc. 18,000 head of horse, cattle, pigs, etc.

3 January 1848 *JAMES MARSHAL FOUND LOTS OF GOLD IN A DITCH *DISCOVERY OF THE GOLD SOON LEEKED OUT

4 Gold RUSH MORE THAN 80,OOO PEOPLE CAME TO CLIFORNIA FOR GOLD IN 1849 MORE THAN 80,OOO PEOPLE CAME TO CLIFORNIA FOR GOLD IN 1849 THEY WERE CALLED FORTY-NINERS THEY WERE CALLED FORTY-NINERS MANY CAME BY SEA MANY CAME BY SEA 300 MEN ARRIVED FROM CHINA 300 MEN ARRIVED FROM CHINA

5 CALIFORNIOS TREATY OF GUADALUPE HIDALGO ENDED THE WAR WITH MEXICO TREATY OF GUADALUPE HIDALGO ENDED THE WAR WITH MEXICO THE LAND LAW OF 1851 MADE UP A GROUP OF PEOPLE TO REVIEW THE CALIFORNIOS LAND RIGHTS THE LAND LAW OF 1851 MADE UP A GROUP OF PEOPLE TO REVIEW THE CALIFORNIOS LAND RIGHTS

6 LIFE IN CALIFORNIA BUILT NEW COMMUNITIES CALLED BOOMTOWNS BUILT NEW COMMUNITIES CALLED BOOMTOWNS SAN FRANSICO GREW FROM A TINY VILLAGE TO CITY OF ABOUT 20,000 PEOPLE SAN FRANSICO GREW FROM A TINY VILLAGE TO CITY OF ABOUT 20,000 PEOPLE CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH MORE THAN DOUBLED THE WORLDS SUPPLY OF GOLD CALIFORNIA GOLD RUSH MORE THAN DOUBLED THE WORLDS SUPPLY OF GOLD

7 ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL PROGRESS GOLD RUSH ENDED IN A FEW YEARS BUT HAD LASTING EFFECTS ON CALFORNIAS ECONOMY GOLD RUSH ENDED IN A FEW YEARS BUT HAD LASTING EFFECTS ON CALFORNIAS ECONOMY CALIFORNIA APPLIED TO CONGRESS FOR STATE HOOD IN MARCH 1850 CALIFORNIA APPLIED TO CONGRESS FOR STATE HOOD IN MARCH 1850 CALIFORNIAS CONSTITUTION BANNED SLAVERY CALIFORNIAS CONSTITUTION BANNED SLAVERY

8 RELIGIOUS REFUGE IN UTAH VISITOR TO THE UTAH TERRITORY IN THE 1850 WROTE ADMIRINGLY VISITOR TO THE UTAH TERRITORY IN THE 1850 WROTE ADMIRINGLY MORMONS MEMBER OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATER DAY SAINTS MORMONS MEMBER OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATER DAY SAINTS MORMONS HAD COME TO UTAH TO FULFILL THEIR VISION OF THE GODLY LIFE MORMONS HAD COME TO UTAH TO FULFILL THEIR VISION OF THE GODLY LIFE

9 FIRST MORMONS JOSEPH SMITH FOUND THE CHURCH IN 1830 IN NEW YORK STATE JOSEPH SMITH FOUND THE CHURCH IN 1830 IN NEW YORK STATE SUPPORTED POLYGAMY,THE IDEA THAT A MAN COULD HAVE MORE THAN ONE WIFE SUPPORTED POLYGAMY,THE IDEA THAT A MAN COULD HAVE MORE THAN ONE WIFE IN 1844 A MOB IN ILLONOIS KILLED SMITH IN 1844 A MOB IN ILLONOIS KILLED SMITH

10 HAVEN IN THE DESERT MORMON MIGRATION TO TH E GREAT SALT LAKE BAGAN IN 1846 MORMON MIGRATION TO TH E GREAT SALT LAKE BAGAN IN UNITED STATES ACQUIREDTHE SALT LAKE AREA AS PART OF THE SETTLEMENT OF THE WAR WITH MEXICO 1848 UNITED STATES ACQUIREDTHE SALT LAKE AREA AS PART OF THE SETTLEMENT OF THE WAR WITH MEXICO 1857 AND 1858 WAR ALMOST BROKE OUT BETWEEN THE MORMONS AND THE UNITED STATES ARMY 1857 AND 1858 WAR ALMOST BROKE OUT BETWEEN THE MORMONS AND THE UNITED STATES ARMY

11 Term of Expansion Tennessee governor as their nominee for president in 1844 Tennessee governor as their nominee for president in 1844 United states pushed its boundaries to the Pacific wrestling CALIFORNIA and the southwest from MEXICO admitting TEXAS to the UNION and crowding BRITAIN out of the PACIFIC Northwest United states pushed its boundaries to the Pacific wrestling CALIFORNIA and the southwest from MEXICO admitting TEXAS to the UNION and crowding BRITAIN out of the PACIFIC Northwest

12 Latter-day Saints Find Their Zion SMITH WAS THE PROPHET OF THE ONE TRUE CHURC SMITH WAS THE PROPHET OF THE ONE TRUE CHURC MORMONS FIRST FLED NEW YORK,THE OHIO,THEN MISSOURI,THEN ILLINOIS BOFORE HEADING EN MASSE TOWARD THE GREAT SALT LAKE VALLEY MORMONS FIRST FLED NEW YORK,THE OHIO,THEN MISSOURI,THEN ILLINOIS BOFORE HEADING EN MASSE TOWARD THE GREAT SALT LAKE VALLEY 1847 PARTY SET OUT WITH 72 WAGONS FROM A CAMP NEAR OMAHA,FORGED A NEW ROAD ON THE NORTH BANK OF THE PLATTER RIVER,AND ARRIVED MORE THAN FOUR MONTHS LATER AT THEIR PROMISED LAND 1847 PARTY SET OUT WITH 72 WAGONS FROM A CAMP NEAR OMAHA,FORGED A NEW ROAD ON THE NORTH BANK OF THE PLATTER RIVER,AND ARRIVED MORE THAN FOUR MONTHS LATER AT THEIR PROMISED LAND

13 Buying Santa Fe 900 Miles at a Time In 1821 Newly independent Mexico opened Santa Fe to American trade In 1821 Newly independent Mexico opened Santa Fe to American trade Within a few years the Santa Fe trail from Missouri was loaded with wagon trains full of manufactured goods Within a few years the Santa Fe trail from Missouri was loaded with wagon trains full of manufactured goods Americans emptied Santa Fe of silver coins by mid-1820s Americans emptied Santa Fe of silver coins by mid-1820s By the time the Mexican war Began U.S. was so dominate of the economy that the governer did not resist the takeover By the time the Mexican war Began U.S. was so dominate of the economy that the governer did not resist the takeover

14 IN THE END THE POPULATION IN CALIFORNIA INCREASED DRAMATICLY OVER THE YEARS EVER SINCE GOLD WAS FOURATED TO THE GREAT SALT LAKE BUT SINCE UNDED THE POPULATION IN CALIFORNIA INCREASED DRAMATICLY OVER THE YEARS EVER SINCE GOLD WAS FOURATED TO THE GREAT SALT LAKE BUT SINCE UNDED THE MORMONS MIGATED TO THE GREAT SALT LAKE UNTILL U.S MADE IT A SETTLEMENT OF THE WITH MEXICO THE MORMONS MIGATED TO THE GREAT SALT LAKE UNTILL U.S MADE IT A SETTLEMENT OF THE WITH MEXICO THE MORMONS HAD CONFLICTS WITH FEDERAL OFFICIALS AND WAR ALMOST BROKE OUT BETWEEN THE MORMONS AND THE U.S ARMY THE MORMONS HAD CONFLICTS WITH FEDERAL OFFICIALS AND WAR ALMOST BROKE OUT BETWEEN THE MORMONS AND THE U.S ARMY


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