Presentation on theme: "NEZ PERCE FLEE TO CANADA By: Anna Faigenbaum, Julia Vollmer, Alexa Ellis."— Presentation transcript:
NEZ PERCE FLEE TO CANADA By: Anna Faigenbaum, Julia Vollmer, Alexa Ellis
Nez Perce Tribe Nez Perce Tribe called themselves the Nimiipuu (Pronounced: Nemepue) (which means “the real people” Nez Perce means “pierced nose” Friendly to white trappers Some Nez Perce woman married the white trappers
The Start of the Wars Most extended Indian battle in the region was a fighting retreat led by Chief Joseph, Chief White Bird, and others. Ulysses S. Grant (American president) opened the Nez Perce home land to white settlement (Wallowa valley in eastern Oregon) Ulysses S. Grant ordered Nez Perce to move to the Lapwai reservation in Idaho
Wars and Battles of 1877 Young Nez Perce started murdering and raiding settlers along the salmon river Chief Joseph started preparing for war because he knew that these small attacks would lead to war 300 Indians beat the soldiers at White Bird Canyon in Idaho on June 17 1877 The Nez Perce fled because they knew they couldn’t beat General Howards whole army
Wars and Battles of 1877 A series of battles against Howard (and later Colonel Miles) led Chief Joseph and Chief Ollokot to lead 800 people to escape north. On their journey, they beat 10 units of U.S. soldiers. They thought they were finished battling, and were only 40 miles from the Canadian Border, when they stopped at the Bear Paw Mts., MT. Then, Miles led his troops to attack the Nez Perce on September 30 th. They fought for 5 days, and Joseph and White Bird refused to surrender after they were nearly beaten, so they fled to Canada.
End of Battles Chief Joseph had a famous quote which was “I will fight no more forever.” because he wanted peace. Chief Joseph was told that the Nez Perce would be moved back to an area in Oregon. In 1885, Nez Perce were moved to the Lapwai Reservation. Others went to the Colville Reservation in north east Washington. In 1904, Joseph died, and was buried there.