Presentation on theme: "CONREPNET A project 50% funded by the EU Partners: BRE, UK Gifford, UK CT Koulutos, Finland Freyssinet, France BBRI, Belgium IETcc, Spain STU-K, Czech."— Presentation transcript:
CONREPNET A project 50% funded by the EU Partners: BRE, UK Gifford, UK CT Koulutos, Finland Freyssinet, France BBRI, Belgium IETcc, Spain STU-K, Czech Republic
PERFORMANCE OF REPAIRS IN PRACTICE Proforma: Simple layout on one side of A4 Non-attributable Mostly tick boxes Up to 40 data points per response 45 % response
Distribution of Respondents 230 (247) case histories ‘Consultants rarely involved subsequently’
Distribution of geographic locations
Distribution of Environments
Distribution of Case-histories by Structure (Numbers in brackets)
Ages of Structures
Ages of Structures when Repaired
Primary Causes of Original Deterioration
TYPES OF REPAIR
Relative uses of different patch materials 60% cementitious 30% polymer modified 10% other (fibre reinforced etc)
Relative uses of different types of coatings
Classification of Performance As seen at last inspection: Successful Evidence of deterioration Failure
Performance of repairs in relation to deterioration
Performance of repairs in relation to time
Performances of Patches
Added Value of Coating
Patch repair after 5 years
Frost damaged underpass repaired with a sprayed polymer coating
Cathodic Protection 74 Installations, most UK – 46 wholly successful – 13 needed attention – 15 failed
Cathodic Protection Accidentally switched off Phone lines vandalised Control box fire Control failure Anode failure Unsuitable application
Modes of Failure – All Types of Repair
COMMENTS ‘Partially wrong design of repair, partially wrong option of repair material, partially wrong design of concrete surface’ Poor workmanship : ‘the work had been a textbook example of how not to carry out a repair’. ‘coatings were incorrectly applied despite clear instructions being given’ ‘the strength of the repair material was considerably greater than the substrate’ ‘poor workmanship; too thin coating (against instructions)’ and there were other instances where coatings were applied too thick or too thin.
Failure of Polymer Mortar Patches and Sprayed Polymer Coatings on an AAR Affected Bridge. Considered partly due to incorrect diagnosis of the original problem and partly to incorrect design of the repair.
Failure of Polymer Mortar Patches and Polymer Coating Applied to Corroded Reinforcement. C onsidered due partly to incorrect design of the repair and partly to incorrect application of anti-corrosion treatment to corroded reinforcement.
Key Points Performances of 230 concrete repairs have been collected and analysed Ages of structures when repaired were mainly in the range 10 to 40 years, the oldest was 100 years The most common problem was corrosion 60 per cent of repairs involved patching.
Key Points contd 50 per cent of the repairs had failed 20 per cent failed in 5 years 55 percent failed in 10 years 90 per cent failed in 25 years Cracking, debonding and continued corrosion were the most common modes of failure Incorrect design of the repair, poor workmanship and wrong diagnosis were the most common causes of failure.
CURRENT REPAIR PRACTICE
INSPECTION Visual methods are used in the majority of inspections. 20 to 30 per cent of inspection work is subcontracted The most commonly used methods of NDT are measurements of depth of cover, carbonation and chloride content. Some small repair works may start without any inspection
Repair Methods Comment: ‘…sometimes had to apply a repair method specified by an owner or consultant while (we) would have proposed and used a more appropriate method if the choice had been up to (us)…’.
QUALITY CONTROL About 90 per cent of repair projects are subjected to some degree of quality control: Trial repairs carried out beforehand to check the proposed method On-site checking of repair materials to ensure specifications are met The common site tests practiced by most repairers are visual inspection, acoustic tests, pull-off tests, laboratory tests on cores and in some cases, structural loading tests Special tests to verify the correct functioning of techniques such as chloride removal and cathodic protection. Thickness measurements of applied coatings
Grout Stability Testing 11 grouts tested: All passed the EN447 standard test Only 6 passed the BRITE EURAM test
PERFORMANCE BASED APPROACH Key research points: o patches are a common repair method but require improved durability o corrosion and AAR are difficult to stop and require more research, o repair materials should be more forgiving and tolerant of misuse, o guidance notes are required that are simple and easy for generalists to understand and use. o research should address performances under all weathers, and improved acceptance testing to provide assurance of durability. Performance based repair