Introduction to Music Beethoven: His life and times Symphony No. 5 A new era
One of Beethoven’s many dwellings. He lived in more than 70 apartments and rooms during his lifetime! This was not uncommon in 18 th C European culture.
Ca. 1799, Beethoven learned his increasing deafness was irreversible. Deep in despair, he remained in Heiligenstadt the summer and fall of 1802 contemplating suicide.
Beethoven did not succumb to this, the gravest of a musician’s ills. Instead, within months he began composing the epic and remarkably optimistic Third Symphony, the “Eroica”. It was, and still is, a giant of a masterpiece, and it is today one of the best loved orchestral works ever written.
True, it’s “van,”not the aristocratic “von,” but if someone mistakenly thinks I’m a “von” of royal blood I certainly won’t correct him. Ludwig vanBeethoven Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven, the pianist most virtuosic in Europe incomparable improviser Critics and journalists loved his playing.
Beethoven, the composer many works for piano music required piano’s improvement compositions drew mixed reactions for years journalists V/ critical referring to Symphony No. 5: “…a sort of odious meowing, and discords to shatter the least sensitive ears.”
Ludwig van Beethoven wrote much of his music-- many of the world’s greatest art works--in a state of TOTAL deafness.
Summary Beethoven Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Op. 67 Symphony I =mvt. 1 = sonata form standard symphony format IMP Romantic characteristics cyclicism You are responsible to know: 1.detailed listening for movement 1. 2.summary points about the entire symphony.
looks It looks like a classical symphony, but mark this well: Inside that polite, predictable exterior, seethes an implacable romanticism, and it will not be contained. DWRitz
Guided listening of Symphony No. 5 follows. Answer all questions and address all issues in the green font.
Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 CD #3 ExpositionDevelopmentRecapitulationCoda T1 B T2 CTT1 B T2 Ct What? How? Q. Whole movement: Does this look like standard sonata form?
Theme 2 Phrase 1 (Question): What inst is prominent? Any thots on the melody’s origin? Phrase 2 (Answer): What is happening to the answer? What are the basses playing? Analyze the Exposition Listen to each item, and answer the questions. Exposition T1 B T2 CT 4. 1. 2. 3. Exposition: Defend: Standard Non-standard — motive Themes 1 & 2 What are the elements of contrast? Theme 1— motive Bridge & Cadence Closing Theme Can you pick out the motive?
Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 CD #3 Sonata form ExpositionDevelopmentRecapitulationCoda T1 B T2 CTT1 B T2 Ct — motive What instruments? 4. 1. 2. 3.
Development procedure checklist: Repeat theme Fragment theme (and use part of it) Use imitation Add counter-melody Change tone color (instruments) Change dynamics Change theme’s rhythm Change theme’s character Change accompaniment Modulate (change key)
Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 Kamien, Sonata form Exposition Development Recapitulation T1 B T2 CTT1 B T2 Ct What? How? — motive What change from Expos? What instruments? LONG! — New ideas
Development analysis: DevelopmentDevelopmentDevelopmentDevelopment Q How does Beethoven develop Th2? Q Name as many differences between it and the Exposition’s Th2 as you can. — motive Based on Th 2 Reminder of Th 1 horn call question w/ new answer 2 notes of horn call! 1 note of horn call!! 1.a.1.b. 2.a. 2.b.c.d.2.e. Expos. Th2 Devel. Th2
Click for guided listening to the entire development. Restart the page if text and music do not begin simultaneously. (Press followed by.) Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1
DevelopmentDevelopmentDevelopmentDevelopment — motive is ubiquitous! Horn call question w/ new answer 2 notes of horn call! 1 note of horn call!! Reminder of Th 2 Back to 1 note Based on Th 2 Reminder of Th 1 New melody + motive R motive melody & R Based on Th 1
Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 Click for guided listening to the entire recapitulation. Restart the page if text and music do not begin simultaneously. (Press followed by.)
Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 R e c a p i t u l a t i o n — motive is ubiquitous! Subdued horns + Bassoons! — in basses Theme 2 Closing Th What inst plays this short cadenza? Important addition Theme 1Bridge
Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 C o d a Long! some new ideas introduced Do you hear ideas that are based on the — motive? How about —?
Symphony No. 5, Mvt. 1 This movement is UNIFIED like no earlier piece had ever been unified! ExpositionDevelopmentRecapitulationCoda T1 B T2 CTT1 B T2 Ct What? — motive
1.Postponement of gratification, “emotional progression” 2.Conflict & struggle idea of C minor 3.Symphony is more highly unified than any previous work 4.Symphony deals with emotion, passion Symphony No. 5 Romantic Characteristics: Mvt. 1 Mvt. 2 Mvt. 3 Mvt. 4 C minor C Major Entire symphony
Summary: Classical Pieces Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in G Minor, Mvt 1 (Sonata form) Haydn, Symphony No. 94 in G Major, Mvt 2 (Theme & Variations) Mozart, Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, Mvt 3 (Minuet & trio) Beethoven, String Quartet in C Minor, Op. 18, No 4, Mvt 4 (Rondo) Mozart, Don Giovanni Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C Minor, Mvt 1