Presentation on theme: "Please read this before using presentation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Please read this before using presentation This presentation is based on content presented at the Six Pillars of Dangerous Goods Transport information sessions held in October 2014It is made available for non-commercial use (e.g. toolbox meetings, safety discussions) subject to the condition that the PowerPoint file is not altered without permission from Resources SafetySupporting resources, such as brochures and posters, are available from Resources SafetyFor resources, information or clarification, please contact:or visit
2 PackagingLearn how to quickly identify if the dangerous goods is packaged in the correct container
3 Six pillars of dangerous goods transport This presentation focuses on packaging, one of the Six Pillars of Dangerous Goods Transport. What are the six visible elements of your transport system for dangerous goods? [LISTED IN GRAPHIC]The Department of Mines and Petroleum views training as the platform that holds these elements or pillars together.Packaged dangerous goods transport has often been afforded a low priority in organisations that cart general freight- the poor cousin of bulk tanker transport. However, when you consider that dangerous goods freight movement currently constitutes 8% of road transport activity, the safe movement of multitudes of placard and sub-placard loads is important in terms of road networks and the exposure of the public.The risk to personnel in your transport activity is determined by the integrity of the packaging. Pause and consider the effects of a single 32 kg chlorine cylinder releasing its contents while your driver is checking the pallet restraints and tyre pressures after a rest break.This information presented here is a snapshot of the common considerations applied to the transport of packaged dangerous goods. Each business will have some unique challenges for carting mixed loads and a range of container types. Nevertheless, applying the safe transport principles stipulated in the Australian Dangerous Goods Code will guide you toward minimising risk.There are five other toolbox presentations in the Six Pillars series available at They related directly to the self-audit template for prime contractors available on the Resources Safety website atThe audit can be used to conduct a “health check” of your dangerous goods transport system.
4 Packaging hazardsIf packaging is unsuitable, there is a high potential for spillsIf packaging is damaged then the contents can spill, presenting a serious health risk to anyone who is exposedFirst responders need to be able to see the label and identify the types of dangerous goods present before taking any action to minimise any riskCorrect emergency information panel (EIP) ensures that correct emergency response personnel are contactedLabelling is important!
5 Packaging – regulations 66, 67 A prime contractor (or driver) must not transport dangerous goods in any general packaging if the prime contractor knows, or ought reasonably to know, the packaging is damaged or defective to the extent that it is not safe to use to transport the goods.Dangerous Goods Safety (Road and Rail Transport of Non-explosives) Regulations 2007
6 Are consigned packages checked to confirm UN approval? This company was found putting its liquid dangerous goods into a container approved for solids.The container has the potential to rupture if the contents and packaging aren’t compatible.This UN approval marking is incorrect and should be embossed. It should include UN, 1H for plastic drum. Also note that S = Solids.
7 UN approval markings4G/Y145/S/02/AUS/901 For a fibreboard box 1A2/Y1.4/l50/98/NL/VL8 For a new steel drum to contain liquids with a removable headSome examples of UN markings found on approved packages
8 Package marking codesThe package marking as applicable is required to be in the following order separated by a slash and beginning with:Then designating the type of packaging with:the following numerals for the kinds of packaging1 – Drum3 – Jerrican4 – Box5 – Bag6 – Composite Packaging the following capital letters for the types of materialsA – Steel (all types and surface treatments)B – AluminiumC – Natural WoodD – PlywoodF – Reconstituted woodG – FibreboardH – Plastics materialL – TextileM – Paper, multiwallN – Metal (other than steel or aluminium)P – Glass, porcelain or stonewareWant to know what the codes on your dangerous goods packages mean? This list shows some of them.See ADG7.3 for more information.
9 Package marking codes Then the codes X for packing groups I, II and IIIY for packing groups II and IIIZ for packing group III onlyMass or densityandS or kPa liquidsYY, and for plasticsFinally :Country ID code (eg AUS)Manufacturer andFor steel drums > 100 L the steel the thickness in mmSome more packaging codes
10 How are defective or leaking containers identified and handled? These non-approved containers were being used to transport dangerous goods. They are clearly leaking.
11 larger approved packaging What system is in place to handle and safely deal with defective or leaking packaging?Re-packingsalvage packaging orlarger approved packagingOverpacks are used for leaking or defective dangerous goods containers
12 Packing dangerous goods – general See ADG7.3 list for packing instruction - choose appropriate packaging using Chapter 4See ADG7.3 for information on how to pack your dangerous goods.
13 Packing dangerous goods – general Maximum allowable life for plastics is < 5 yearsNo reuse of plastics, or reprocessed steel, packaging for PGIIBCs filled prior to expiry date may be transported within 3 months after the expiry dateEmpty IBCs may be transported for 6 months after the expiry dateThese are some basic rules for dangerous goods packages.Don’t break them – they are there to protect you and other road users!
14 Packaging – regulations 74, 75 Other packaging means demountable tanks, portable tanks, MEGCs, bulk containers, freight containers and tanks on tank vehicles A prime contractor (or driver) must not transport dangerous goods in any other packaging if — (a) the packaging is unsuitable for the transport of the goods; or (b) the goods have not been packed in accordance with any relevant provision of the ADG Code Part 4Dangerous Goods Safety (Road and Rail Transport of Non-explosives) Regulations 2007
15 Packaging – regulation 53 (1) Packaging is unsuitable for the transport of dangerous goods if —(a) it is required to undergo performance tests under the ADG Code Part 6 and it is not approved packaging; or(b) it does not meet any relevant standards or requirements specified by the ADG Code Part 4 or 6 (including requirements with respect to inspection, maintenance and repair); or(c) its use, or reuse, for the transport of the goods does not comply with the ADG Code Part 4 or 6; or(d) its use for the transport of the goods is prohibited by a determination; or(e) it is incompatible with the goods; or(f) it is damaged or defective to the extent that it is not safe to use to transport the goods.Dangerous Goods Safety (Road and Rail Transport of Non-explosives) Regulations 2007
16 Packaging – regulation 53 (2) A freight container is also unsuitable for use as a bulk container for the transport of dangerous goods if it does not have affixed to it a Safety Approval Plate as required under the International Convention for Safe Containers 1972.Dangerous Goods Safety (Road and Rail Transport of Non-explosives) Regulations 2007
17 Are consigned packages checked to confirm UN approval? Check the UN approval markings are correct for the type of dangerous goods
18 UN markings for IBCs Letter Code for IBC: 11, 21 or 31 – A,B, N Metal Steel13 – H, L or M Flexible11, 21 or 31 – H Rigid Plastic11, 21 or 31 – HZ Composite11 – C, D, or F Wooden capital letters used for the types of materials:A – Steel (all types and surface treatments)B – AluminiumC – Natural WoodD – PlywoodF – Reconstituted woodG – FibreboardH – Plastics materialL – TextileM – Paper, multiwallN – Metal (other than steel or aluminium)P – Glass, porcelain or stonewareX for packing groups I, II and IIIY for packing groups II and IIIZ for packing group III onlyMm, yy of manufactureState and approval numberStacking test or 0MassWhat the UN marking codes actually mean
19 IBC additional marking Your IBC must also have these additional marks on it
20 IBC stackingBe careful when stacking IBCs – some must not be stacked!
21 Suitable for transport? What evidence is needed to accept placardable units, portable tanks, MEGCs and freight containers as suitable for transport?Check the compliance plate!
22 RecommendationsSee Section of the Australian Dangerous Goods Code 7.3 for information on packaging codesInspect packaging and freight containers to ensure the information on the markings regarding type of packaging matches the itemDo not transport the goods if the packaging markings are incorrect or there is damaged packagingPlease contact the supplier, a dangerous goods specialist or an emergency responder
23 Email firstname.lastname@example.org Any questions…For further information on Dangerous Goods Transport, send an to these addresses
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