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Please read this before using presentation This presentation is based on content presented at the Six Pillars of Dangerous Goods Transport information sessions held in October 2014 It is made available for non-commercial use (e.g. toolbox meetings, safety discussions) subject to the condition that the PowerPoint file is not altered without permission from Resources Safety Supporting resources, such as brochures and posters, are available from Resources Safety For resources, information or clarification, please contact: or visit 1
Packaging Learn how to quickly identify if the dangerous goods is packaged in the correct container 2
Six pillars of dangerous goods transport 3
Packaging hazards If packaging is unsuitable, there is a high potential for spills If packaging is damaged then the contents can spill, presenting a serious health risk to anyone who is exposed First responders need to be able to see the label and identify the types of dangerous goods present before taking any action to minimise any risk Correct emergency information panel (EIP) ensures that correct emergency response personnel are contacted
Packaging – regulations 66, 67 A prime contractor (or driver) must not transport dangerous goods in any general packaging if the prime contractor knows, or ought reasonably to know, the packaging is damaged or defective to the extent that it is not safe to use to transport the goods.
Are consigned packages checked to confirm UN approval? This UN approval marking is incorrect and should be embossed. It should include UN, 1H for plastic drum. Also note that S = Solids.
UN approval markings 4G/Y145/S/02/AUS/901 For a fibreboard box 1A2/Y1.4/l50/98/NL/VL8 For a new steel drum to contain liquids with a removable head
Package marking codes The package marking as applicable is required to be in the following order separated by a slash and beginning with: Then designating the type of packaging with: the following numerals for the kinds of packaging 1 – Drum 3 – Jerrican 4 – Box 5 – Bag 6 – Composite Packaging the following capital letters for the types of materials A – Steel (all types and surface treatments) B – Aluminium C – Natural Wood D – Plywood F – Reconstituted wood G – Fibreboard H – Plastics material L – Textile M – Paper, multiwall N – Metal (other than steel or aluminium) P – Glass, porcelain or stoneware
Package marking codes Then the codes X for packing groups I, II and III Y for packing groups II and III Z for packing group III only Mass or density and S or kPa liquids YY, and for plastics Finally : Country ID code (eg AUS) Manufacturer and For steel drums > 100 L the steel the thickness in mm
How are defective or leaking containers identified and handled?
What system is in place to handle and safely deal with defective or leaking packaging? Re-packing salvage packaging or larger approved packaging
Packing dangerous goods – general See ADG7.3 list for packing instruction - choose appropriate packaging using Chapter 4
Packing dangerous goods – general Maximum allowable life for plastics is < 5 years No reuse of plastics, or reprocessed steel, packaging for PGI IBCs filled prior to expiry date may be transported within 3 months after the expiry date Empty IBCs may be transported for 6 months after the expiry date
Packaging – regulations 74, 75 Other packaging means demountable tanks, portable tanks, MEGCs, bulk containers, freight containers and tanks on tank vehicles A prime contractor (or driver) must not transport dangerous goods in any other packaging if — (a) the packaging is unsuitable for the transport of the goods; or (b) the goods have not been packed in accordance with any relevant provision of the ADG Code Part 4
Packaging – regulation 53 (1) Packaging is unsuitable for the transport of dangerous goods if — (a) it is required to undergo performance tests under the ADG Code Part 6 and it is not approved packaging; or (b) it does not meet any relevant standards or requirements specified by the ADG Code Part 4 or 6 (including requirements with respect to inspection, maintenance and repair); or (c) its use, or reuse, for the transport of the goods does not comply with the ADG Code Part 4 or 6; or (d) its use for the transport of the goods is prohibited by a determination; or (e) it is incompatible with the goods; or (f) it is damaged or defective to the extent that it is not safe to use to transport the goods.
Packaging – regulation 53 (2) A freight container is also unsuitable for use as a bulk container for the transport of dangerous goods if it does not have affixed to it a Safety Approval Plate as required under the International Convention for Safe Containers 1972.
Are consigned packages checked to confirm UN approval?
UN markings for IBCs Letter Code for IBC: 11, 21 or 31 – A,B, N Metal Steel 13 – H, L or M Flexible 11, 21 or 31 – H Rigid Plastic 11, 21 or 31 – HZ Composite 11 – C, D, or F Wooden capital letters used for the types of materials: A – Steel (all types and surface treatments) B – Aluminium C – Natural Wood D – Plywood F – Reconstituted wood G – Fibreboard H – Plastics material L – Textile M – Paper, multiwall N – Metal (other than steel or aluminium) P – Glass, porcelain or stoneware X for packing groups I, II and III Y for packing groups II and III Z for packing group III only Mm, yy of manufacture State and approval number Stacking test or 0 Mass
IBC additional marking
Suitable for transport? What evidence is needed to accept placardable units, portable tanks, MEGCs and freight containers as suitable for transport?
Recommendations See Section of the Australian Dangerous Goods Code 7.3 for information on packaging codes Inspect packaging and freight containers to ensure the information on the markings regarding type of packaging matches the item Do not transport the goods if the packaging markings are incorrect or there is damaged packaging Please contact the supplier, a dangerous goods specialist or an emergency responder
Any questions… 23
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