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Constructing A Meta-Marketing Machine For Pricing Ted Mitchell

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We need a better method Of forecasting than using a slope-origin model based on a single performance A single performance might be the typical, the average, or the last observed 1) it is too inaccurate 2) Implies a positive relationships between Input and Output which are invalid with inverse relationships such as price tags

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We have created a Meta-Conversion Rate, m To identify direct and inverse relationships between Input and Output We will construct a Meta-Marketing Machine to provide more accurate forecasts and be valid for direct and inverse relationships

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A Two-Factor Meta-Marketing Machine Uses the difference in two inputs, ∆I = I 2 -I 1 as its Input, π Uses the difference in two outputs, ∆O = O 2 -O 1 as its Output, ø Uses the meta-conversion rate, m = ∆O/∆I = ø/π As the rate of the process that converts the size of the change in Input to the size of the change in Output Yes! It Does Sound a little Abstract

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A Meta-Marketing Machine Meta- Marketing Conversion Rate, m Inputs to The Meta- Marketing Machine are the size of change, ∆I ∆ Price Tags ∆ Product Quality ∆Promotion ∆Place Outputs from The Meta-Marketing Machine are the size of the change in output, ∆O ∆Revenues ∆Quantity of Goods Sold ∆Profits ∆Demand

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The Slope-Origin Equation for a Meta-Marketing Machine is Output, ø = (meta-conversion rate, m) x (Input, π) where The Output, ø, is the Difference between two outputs: O 2 -O 1 = ∆O The Input, π, is the Difference between two inputs: I 2 – I 1 = ∆I The Meta-Conversion rate, m, is the ratio of the difference in Outputs, ∆O, to the difference in Inputs, ∆I, m = ∆O/∆I = (O 2 -O 1 )/I 2 -I 1 )

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The Meta-Marketing Machine In the Slope-Origin Form presented on a Cartesian Mapping the same as a single performance Two-Factor Model O = r x I But is now a richer input and output Ø = m x π It looks like a similar format but it is far more accurate for making predictions

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Meta-Marketing Machine Input Factor, ∆I Output, ∆O 0, 0 ∆I ∆O X Calibration point (∆I, ∆O) Meta-Conversion rate or Slope m = rise/run m = ∆O/∆I Meta-Conversion rate or Slope m = rise/run m = ∆O/∆I Slope-Origin Equation for Two-Factor Meta-machine ∆ø = m x ∆I Slope-Origin Equation for Two-Factor Meta-machine ∆ø = m x ∆I Rise Run

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In tabular form the Meta-Marketing Machine Performance 1Performance 2 Meta-Marketing Machine Input: I1I2 Input, π = ∆I = I2 – I1 Conversion rate, r = O1/I1 Not Used r = O2/I2 Not Used Meta-conversion rate, m = ø/π = ∆O/∆I Output: O1O2 Output, ø = ∆O ø = O2 – O1

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Example: Meta-Marketing Machine that converts change in servers hired into a change in coffee sales

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Performance 1Performance 2 Meta-Service Machine Input: Servers, S S1 = 16S2 = 20 π = ∆S = 4 servers Conversion rate, R = Q1/S1 Not Used R = Q2/S2 Not Used Meta-conversion rate, m = ∆Q/∆S m = 128/4 = 32 cups per server is positive Output: Cups Sold, Q Q1 = 2,000Q2 = 2,128 Ø = ∆Q = 128 cups

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Example: Meta-Marketing Machine that converts change in servers hired into a change in coffee sales Meta-Service Machine Input: Servers, S π = ∆S = 4 servers Conversion rate, Meta-conversion rate, m = ∆Q/∆S m = 128/4 = 32 cups per server is positive Output: Cups Sold, Q Ø = ∆Q = 128 cups

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The meta-conversion rate is positive m = 32 cup increase for every extra server hired Therefore there is a positive relationship Between the number of servers and the number of cups sold in the Meta-Service Machine because

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Basic Marketing Machine Allows for only Positive Amounts of Input & Output 0, 0 Positive Input Positive Output Negative Amounts of Input? Negative Amounts of output? Conversion rate has a Positive Slope when both Input and output are positive amounts r = O/I Conversion rate has a Positive Slope when both Input and output are positive amounts r = O/I Non-Applicable Quadrant

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Meta-Marketing Machine Allows for Positive and Negative Changes 0, 0 Positive Change in Input, +∆I Positive Change in Output +∆O Negative Change in Input -∆I Negative Change in Output, -∆O Meta-Conversion rate has a Positive Slope when both changes are positive or negative m = ∆O/∆I Meta-Conversion rate has a Positive Slope when both changes are positive or negative m = ∆O/∆I

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Consider a Meta-Marketing Machine In which there is an inverse relationship between Input and Output The Meta-Pricing Machine Converts the size of the change in the Price Tag, ∆P, into the size of the change in quantity sold, ∆Q

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You could Not do Price and Quantity as a Direct Relationship 0, 0 Positive Input Positive Output Negative Amounts of Input? Negative Amounts of output? Non-Applicable Quadrant A positive increase in Price Tag creating a negative sales Quantity makes no sense

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Meta-Marketing Machine Allows for Positive and Negative Changes 0, 0 Positive Change in Price, +∆P Positive Change in Quantity, +∆Q Negative Change in Price -∆I Negative Change in Quantity, -∆Q Meta-Conversion rate has a Negative Slope when one changes is positive and the other is negative –m = –∆Q/∆P Meta-Conversion rate has a Negative Slope when one changes is positive and the other is negative –m = –∆Q/∆P

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In Tabular Form Meta-Pricing Machine Performance 1Performance 2 Meta-Pricing Machine Input: price tag P1 = $3.50P2 =$4.50 ∆P = $4.50 - $3.50 ∆P = $1 (positive) Conversion rate, Not Used Meta-conversion rate, m = ∆Q/∆P m = -400 cups/$1 (negative sloping conversion rate) Output Number of Cups Sold, Q Q1 = 2,000Q2 = 1,600 ∆Q = 1,600 – 2,000 ∆Q = -400 cups (negative)

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In Tabular Form Meta-Pricing Machine Meta-Pricing Machine Input: price tag ∆P = $4.50 - $3.50 ∆P = $1 Conversion rate, Meta-conversion rate, m = ∆Q/∆P m = -400 cups/$1 Output Number of Cups Sold, Q ∆Q = 1,600 – 2,000 ∆Q = -400 cups

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The meta-conversion rate is negative m = -400 cups per dollar increase in price tag Every dollar increase in price reduces quantity sold by 400 cups Therefore the relationship between Price and Quantity sold is behaves like an Inverse relationship But it is NOT an Inverse relationship

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Input Change in Price, ∆P 0, 0 ∆P =$1 In a Direct Relationship the ratio has a constant negative slope Meta-Conversion rate m = rise/run m = –∆Q/∆I m = -400/$1 Meta-Conversion rate m = rise/run m = –∆Q/∆I m = -400/$1 Rise Run Output Change in Quantity, ∆Q ∆Q -400 cups X Meta-Marketing Machine can present an Inverse relations

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In a Inverse relationship the product of the two variables has a constant value Quantity Sold, Q Price Tag, P The product of the two variables is a constant value P x Q = k The product of the two variables is a constant value P x Q = k P 0 P 1 Q0Q1Q0Q1 The area at two different points must be equal by definition P1 x P1 = Q0 x P0 = k Q1/Q0 = P0/P1 Constant Area k = P x Q Inverse Relationships do not pass through the origin

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Any Questions? Calculating Meta-conversion rate, m = ∆O/∆I Using the changes in the inputs, ∆I, as the input, π And the changes in the output, ∆O, as the output, ø The sign of the slope Provides the Direction of the Relationship between input and output – A positive slope is a positive change relationship – A negative slope is a negative change relationship

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