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6-1 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Principles of Computer Architecture.

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Presentation on theme: "6-1 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Principles of Computer Architecture."— Presentation transcript:

1 6-1 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Principles of Computer Architecture Miles Murdocca and Vincent Heuring Chapter 6: Datapath and Control

2 6-2 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Chapter Contents 6.1 Basics of the Microarchitecture 6.2 A Microarchitecture for the ARC 6.3 Hardwired Control 6.4 Case Study: The VHDL Hardware Description Language

3 6-3 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization The Fetch-Execute Cycle The steps that the control unit carries out in executing a program are: (1) Fetch the next instruction to be executed from memory. (2) Decode the opcode. (3) Read operand(s) from main memory, if any. (4) Execute the instruction and store results. (5) Go to step 1.

4 6-4 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization High Level View of Microarchitecture The microarchitecture consists of the control unit and the programmer-visible registers, functional units such as the ALU, and any additional registers that may be required by the control unit.

5 6-5 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization ARC Instruction Subset

6 6-6 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization ARC Instruction Formats

7 6-7 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization ARC Datapath

8 6-8 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization ARC ALU Operations

9 6-9 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Block Diagram of ALU

10 6-10 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Gate-Level Layout of Barrel Shifter

11 6-11 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Truth Table for (Most of the) ALU LUTs

12 6-12 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Design of Register %r1

13 6-13 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Outputs to Control Unit from Register %ir

14 6-14 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Microarch- itecture of the ARC

15 6-15 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Microword Format

16 6-16 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Settings for the COND Field of the Microword

17 6-17 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization DECODE Format for Microinstruction Address

18 6-18 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Timing Relationships for the Registers

19 6-19 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Partial ARC Micro- program

20 6-20 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Partial ARC Microprogram (cont’)

21 6-21 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Branch Decoding Decoding tree for branch instructions shows corresponding microprogram lines:

22 6-22 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Assembled ARC Microprogram

23 6-23 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Assembled ARC Microprogram (cont’)

24 6-24 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Example: Add the subcc Instruction Consider adding instruction subcc (subtract) to the ARC instruction set. subcc uses the Arithmetic format and op3 =

25 6-25 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Branch Table A branch table for trap handlers and interrupt service routines:

26 6-26 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Microprogramming vs. Nanoprogramming (a) Micropro- gramming vs. (b) nano- programming.

27 6-27 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Hardware Description Language HDL sequence for a resettable modulo 4 counter.

28 6-28 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Circuit Derived from HDL Logic design for a modulo 4 counter described in HDL.

29 6-29 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization HDL for ARC HDL description of the ARC control unit.

30 6-30 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization HDL for ARC (cont’)

31 6-31 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization HDL ARC Circuit The hardwired control section of the ARC: generation of the control signals.

32 6-32 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization HDL ARC Circuit (cont’) Hardwired control section of the ARC: signals from the data section of the control unit to the datapath.

33 6-33 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization Case Study: The VHDL Hardware Description Language The majority function. a) truth table, b) AND-OR implementation, c) black box representation.

34 6-34 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization VHDL Specification Interface specification for the majority component -- Interface entity MAJORITY is port (A_IN, B_IN, C_IN: in BIT F_OUT: out BIT); end MAJORITY; Behavioral model for the majority component -- Body architecture LOGIC_SPEC of MAJORITY is begin -- compute the output using a Boolean expression F_OUT <= (not A_IN and B_IN and C_IN) or (A_IN and not B_IN and C_IN) or (A_IN and B_IN and not C_IN) or (A_IN and B_IN and C_IN) after 4 ns; end LOGIC_SPEC;

35 6-35 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization VHDL Specification (cont’) -- Package declaration, in library WORK package LOGIC_GATES is component AND3 port (A, B, C : in BIT; X : out BIT); end component; component OR4 port (A, B, C, D : in BIT; X : out BIT); end component; component NOT1 port (A : in BIT; X : out BIT); end component; -- Interface entity MAJORITY is port (A_IN, B_IN, C_IN: in BIT F_OUT: out BIT); end MAJORITY;

36 6-36 Chapter 6 - Datapath and Control Department of Information Technology, Radford University ITEC 352 Computer Organization VHDL Specification (cont’) -- Body -- Uses components declared in package LOGIC_GATES -- in the WORK library -- import all the components in WORK.LOGIC_GATES use WORK.LOGIC_GATES.all architecture LOGIC_SPEC of MAJORITY is -- declare signals used internally in MAJORITY signal A_BAR, B_BAR, C_BAR, I1, I2, I3, I4: BIT; begin -- connect the logic gates NOT_1 : NOT1 port map (A_IN, A_BAR); NOT_2 : NOT1 port map (B_IN, B_BAR); NOT_3 : NOT1 port map (C_IN, C_BAR); AND_1 : AND3 port map (A_BAR, B_IN, C_IN, I1); AND_2 : AND3 port map (A_IN, B_BAR, C_IN, I2); AND_3 : AND3 port map (A_IN, B_IN, C_BAR, I3); AND_4 : AND3 port map (A_IN, B_IN, C_IN, I4); OR_1 : OR3 port map (I1, I2, I3, I4, F_OUT); end LOGIC_SPEC;


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