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Objective 1 9.6 Box-and-Whisker Plots Draw a box-and-whisker plot to organize real-life data. Read and interpret a box-and-whisker plot of real-life data.

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Presentation on theme: "Objective 1 9.6 Box-and-Whisker Plots Draw a box-and-whisker plot to organize real-life data. Read and interpret a box-and-whisker plot of real-life data."— Presentation transcript:

1 Objective Box-and-Whisker Plots Draw a box-and-whisker plot to organize real-life data. Read and interpret a box-and-whisker plot of real-life data. Objective 2

2 The median or second quartile separates the set into two halves, the numbers that are below the median and the numbers that are above the median. The first quartile is the median of the lower half. The third quartile is the median of the upper half. The “box” extends from the first to the third quartile. The “whiskers” connect the box to the least and greatest numbers. A box-and-whisker plot is a data display that divides a set of data into four parts.

3 Find the quartiles Find the values of the whiskers Draw a box plot to scale – on graph paper Stages in drawing a box plot

4 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data

5 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data

6 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data

7 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles Answer re-order the data:

8 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles Answer re-order the data:

9 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles Answer re-order the data: The median is the middle value: Q2

10 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles Answer re-order the data: The median is the middle value: = 4.5 mins The lower quartile, Q1  3rd value Q2

11 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles Answer re-order the data: The median is the middle value: = 4.5 mins The lower quartile, Q1 3 mins  3rd value = Q1Q2

12 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles Answer re-order the data: The median is the middle value: = 4.5 mins The lower quartile, Q1 3 mins The upper quartile, Q3  8 th value = Q1Q2

13 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles Answer re-order the data: The median is the middle value: = 4.5 mins The lower quartile, Q1 3 mins The upper quartile, Q3  8 th value = 9 mins Q1Q3Q2

14 Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (a) Find the quartiles Answer re-order the data: The median is the middle value: = 4.5 mins The lower quartile, Q1 3 mins The upper quartile, Q3 9 mins The “box” inter-quartile range = Q3 – Q1 = 9 – 3 = 6 mins Q1Q3Q2

15 Answer: Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data Q1Q3 Recall from (a) Q1 = 3, Q2 = 4.5, Q3 = Q1Q3Q2

16 Answer: Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data Q1Q3 Recall from (a) Q1 = 3, Q2 = 4.5, Q3 = Q1Q3Q2

17 Answer: Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data Q1Q3 Recall from (a) Q1 = 3, Q2 = 4.5, Q3 = Q1Q3Q2

18 Answer: Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data Q1Q3 Recall from (a) Q1 = 3, Q2 = 4.5, Q3 = Q1Q3Q2

19 Answer: Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data Q1Q3 Recall from (a) Q1 = 3, Q2 = 4.5, Q3 = Q1Q3Q2

20 Answer: Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data Q1Q3 Recall from (a) Q1 = 3, Q2 = 4.5, Q3 = Q1Q3Q2

21 Answer: Example: Waiting times at a bus were recorded, to the nearest minute, on 10 occasions. The data collected were: 6, 1, 4, 9, 18, 3, 5, 10, 1, 4 (b) Draw a box-and-whisker plot to represent these data Q1Q3 Recall from (a) Q1 = 3, Q2 = 4.5, Q3 = Q1Q3Q

22 Using just the box-and-whisker plot, compare the number of people who waited 1 to 3 minutes to the number of people who waited 9 to 18 minutes. The numbers are about the same because each whisker represents about 25% of the data. Answer: Example: Read and interpret a box-and-whisker plot. How long is the median wait time for the bus? The median wait time is 4.5 minutes.Answer: Bus wait time


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